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PERCEPTIONS REGARDING POLICEMEN PERSONALITY TRAITS OF JUVENILE OFFENDERS

PERCEPTIONS REGARDING POLICEMEN PERSONALITY TRAITS OF JUVENILE OFFENDERSPERCEPTIONS REGARDING POLICEMEN PERSONALITY TRAITS OF JUVENILE OFFENDERSPERCEPTIONS REGARDING POLICEMEN PERSONALITY TRAITS OF JUVENILE OFFENDERS
Оксана Коноплицкая, соискатель

Харьковский национальный университет внутренних дел, Украина

Участник первенства: Национальное первенство по научной аналитике - "Украина";

Открытое Европейско-Азиатское первенство по научной аналитике;

In the process of operational, investigative, professional and educational activities for law enforcement officers required psychological knowledge about the identity of the juvenile offender, which form the idea of ​​police officers with them. In the article the cognitive component of social attitudes police officers in respect of different categories of juveniles. Identified personality types of different categories of juvenile offenders according to police. This detailed description of the vision of police staff personal qualities of the various categories of juvenile offenders. Dedicated most important personal qualities of various categories of juvenile offenders. The comparative analysis of the personality traits of different categories of juvenile offenders by studying the similarities and differences in psychological characteristics minors. Conclusions can determine the representation of police officers regarding the personality traits of different categories of juveniles.

Keywords: professional activities of police officers, the identity of a juvenile offender, social attitudes, cognitive component categories of juvenile offenders, psychological characteristics, personal characteristics, perceptions police officers.

 

Statement of the problem. In terms of present society and the state police has set the task of promoting the creation of appropriate conditions for each child for the full and harmonious development of the individual, to ensure the correctness and effectiveness of legal decisions concerning the minor, which was in conflict with the law, to promote his re-education and further social support. Therefore, the main social purpose of law enforcement agencies, their priority is the prevention of multifunctional delinquency among adolescents. Performing these tasks requires research ideas policemen regarding personal qualities of different categories of juvenile offenders. This will help to find approaches to offender, enable us to solve a number of specific tasks that contribute to a more perfect organization of search operations of detection, suppression and detection of crimes committed by juveniles.

Analysis of recent research and publications.Study concept installation involved scientists following Uznadze, S.L.Rubinshteyn, F.V. Bassin, A. Pranhyshvyly, A.E. Sherozyya, D.N. Bahdzhyunene. Works of scientists H.Olporta, L. Thurstone, V.Tomasa and F. Znanetskoho, V. Poisons have been devoted to the study of social settings. The study of social and psychological settings engaged in professional activities E.S.Chuhunova, H.A.Horoshydze, D.A.Charkviani, E.A.Skryptunova, H.O.Matina and others [5, 8].

An important contribution to the study of the individual juvenile offender, his illegal behavior and psychological mechanisms implemented I.P. Bashkatova, S.P. Bocharov, G. Bochkarev, S.L. Danovskyy, I.V. Zhdanov, A.V. Zemljansky, N.P. Kreidun, N.Y. Maximov, I.A. Yarmysh et al. Prevention of adolescent delinquency devoted to the works of O. proprietor, V. Eremenko, G. Kashkarov, N. Kvitkovs'kyj, I. Kozubovskoyi, G. Minkovskoho, S. Nemtchenko, V. Orzhehovskoyi, Y. Petukhov, A. Pylypenko.

His views on the causes of wrongful conduct minors formulated in his writings V.I.Antipova, O.M.Bandurky, N.V.Barahtyana, V.O.Bachynina, I.P.Holosnichenka, Ya.M.Kvitky, VM .Kudryavtseva, V.V.Lunyeyeva, H.M.Minkovskoho, D.P.Smolenskoho, V.I.Shakuna et al. A.A.Hertsenzon in his writings emphasized the distribution of causes of wrongful conduct on the material and ideological. H.A.Avanesov distinguished three classes of reasons associated with the contradictions of social development; distorted worldview; associated with a specific person. V.M.Kudryavtsev identified the following three categories of reasons: reasons that lie in the social consciousness; reasons lie in public life; reasons due to external contradictions between the two opposing socio-economic systems - socialism and capitalism. [4] Rabinovich MP treats the causes of crime as a phenomenon of social reality, which cause (or facilitate) offenses. Kotyuk VA understands the causes of crime social phenomena, taken in binary relation, generate and reproduce crime and crime as their natural consequences [2].

Study of individual law enforcement officers, their professional activities are devoted to H.V.Akopova, A.P.Moskalenko, D.O.Kobzina, S.P.Bocharovoyi, H.H.Bochkarovoyi, O.V.Zemlyanskoyi, D.A.Hryhor'eva, A.A.Derkacha, I.V.Yemshynoyi, N.V.Kuzminoyi, A.K.Markovoyi, N.N.Nechayeva, A.P.Sytnikova, Ye.A.Klimova and others. M.V.Pryahina continued to study social attitudes in the profession, drawing attention to the motivational component attitudes policemen [6, 32].

In his writings and O.A.Hulevich Ye.O.Holynchyk indicate that the formation of social and psychological settings of offenses and offenders (including juveniles) are different. According to attitudes to offenses affecting the following factors: the seriousness of the offense; type of offenses committed (physical, psychological, material), size and offers compensation as well as an opportunity for the respondent to become participants in the crime. Often attitudes offenders, in addition to factors affecting attitudes of offenses affect the following features of the respondents: social status, age, gender, ethnicity, social status, professional activity, etc.. The main factor associated with the assessment of typicality crime is to assess its seriousness. In general, the more serious the crime is recognized, the more it is considered typical. Often attitudes offenders have a complex structure, where the appearance of a component causes the other. [1, 82-84].

Formation purposes of Article. After analyzing the idea of ​​police officers in relation to personality traits of different categories of juveniles we aim to investigate the cognitive component of social attitudes.

The main material research. To study the cognitive component of social attitudes of policemen, we used psyhogeometryc S.Dellinher and test method "semantic differential". With these techniques policemen assessed three categories of juvenile offenders: first category - minors who have committed administrative offenses; second category - juveniles who have committed a violent offense; third category - minors who have committed violent offenses selfish and [3, 143].

Studies conducted in the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine in Rivne region with employees following units: criminal police for Children, investigation and inquiry, district inspectors of militia. The survey involved 120 police officers with experience in law enforcement agencies from 1 to 28 years. 85% of surveyed police officers - male, 15% - women. Consider psyhogeometryc testing results (Table 1).

Table 1.

Elections geometric shapes policemen on various categories of juvenile offenders (%)

Geometric Shapes

Category minors for offenses committed

Administrative 

Violent

Selfish and violent

р1,2

р2,3

р1,3

Square

5,0

22,5

15,83

0,01

-

0,01

Triangle

30,83

22,5

12,5

-

0,05

0,01

Circle

0,0

0,0

0,0

-

-

-

Rectangle

21,67

39,17

60,0

0,01

0,01

0,01

Zigzag

42,5

15,83

11,67

0,01

-

0,01

 

Law enforcement officials, juveniles associating categories with shapes preferred "box" for juveniles who have committed violent and selfish and violent offenses (39.17% and 60% respectively). "Rectangle" stands for dynamism, constant movement and change. Juvenile offenders who are associated with this geometric figure, police officers are perceived as such, often unhappy with the way of life they are now, and is busy looking for a better position. The most characteristic feature - inconsistent and unpredictable behavior during the transition period. They are usually low self-esteem. Overly trusting, suggestions, naive, because they are easy to manipulate [7, 82-83].

Employees of the police juvenile offenders who have committed administrative offenses often associated with the figure of "zigzag", which is almost half of the elections (42.5%). The choice of geometric figures "zigzag" characterizes juvenile as teenagers tend to see the world is constantly changing. They need to have a wide variety of events and a high level of stimulation in the academic circle. Juvenile offenders want to be independent from the others in all areas of social life. Offenders, which corresponds to the figure "zigzag" aimed at the future and more interested in opportunity than reality, hence the rise such features as impractical, unrealistic and naive. They unrestraint, very expressive, along with their eccentricities, often prevents them implement their ideas into practice [7, 82-83].

According to the results of our study should be noted that police officers never chosen geometric shape "circle". In their view, none of the categories of juvenile offenders is not associated with this figure because juvenile offenders do not possess such qualities as kindness, gentleness, sensitivity, tolerance, communication, kindness [7, 82-83].

Comparing between an election geometric shapes policemen on various categories of juvenile offenders, we see that with increasing severity of the crime frequency changes selected figures. For example, police officers in relation to juveniles who have committed administrative offenses than those who committed violent and selfish and violent offenses are likely increasingly choosing "zigzag" (42,5%, 15,83% та 11,67%; р1,2≤0,01, р1,3≤0,01)and triangle (30,83%, 22,5% та 12,5%; р2,3≤0,05, р1,3≤0,01)and probably less - "rectangle" (21,67%, 39,17% та 60,0%; р1,2≤0,01, р2,3≤0,01 та р1,3≤0,01)and "square"(5,0%, 22,5% та 15,83%; р1,2≤0,01 та р1,3≤0,01). That is, according to law enforcement officials with increasing severity of the crime and greed are a minor has the following characteristics: trust, openness, willingness to change, "childishness" innocence, insecurity, indecision, insecurity, mental instability, problematic. As quickly and suggestions without organizational skills they are excellent "performers" criminal orders. It should also be noted that with increasing severity of the crime and greed become less minor has the following characteristics: spontaneity, pressure, uncontrollability, volatility, unpredictability, incontinence, anxiety, individualism, insecurity, arrogance, selfishness, categorical.

To study the cognitive component of social attitudes police officers on various categories of juvenile offenders, we also used the semantic differential method (Table 2).

Table 2.

The idea of policemen on personality traits of juvenile offenders different categories (x ± σ)

Personal qualities

Category minors for offenses committed

Probability differences

Administrative 

Violent

Selfish and violent

р1,2

р2,3

р1,3

Hearted

-1,1±0,7

-0,8±1,4

-2,4±1,0

0,01

0.01

0.01

Sociable

0,2±1,5

-1,1±1,2

-2,5±0,9

0,01

0.01

0.01

Just

-1,9±0,7

-1,2±1,2

-2,6±0,9

0.01

0,01

 0.01

Purposeful

-0,7±1,6

-1,4±0,9

0,0±2,0

0.01

0.01

0.01

Not impulsive

-1,5±1,4

-2,2±1,7

-2,4±1,2

0.01

-

0.01

Enlightened

-0,6±1,3

0,6±1,4

-0,6±1,9

0,01

0,01

-

Strong-willed

-1,2±1,2

1,0±1,5

0,4±1,6

0,01

0.01

0.01

Active

-0,5±1,2

0,6±1,5

1,4±1,2

0,01

0.01

0.01

Responsible

-1,9±0,7

0,1±1,4

-0,7±1,3

0.01

0.01

0,01

Reliable

-1,8±1,0

-0,6±1,3

-1,6±1,5

0,01

0.01

-

Balanced

-1,7±1,0

-2,1±1,5

-1,5±1,9

0.01

0,01

-

Friendly

-1,4±0,8

-1,2±1,3

-2,5±0,7

-

0,01

0.01

Clever

-1,3±1,6

0,1±1,0

0,3±1,7

0.01

-

0.01

Required

-1,7±1,5

-0,4±1,0

-1,3±1,5

0,01

0.01

0.05

Fearless

-1±1,8

0,9±1,5

0,7±1,9

0.01

-

0,01

Severe

-1,9±0,8

-1,3±1,3

-1,3±1,5

0.01

-

0.01

Humane

-0,9±0,7

-0,8±1,7

-2,4±1,1

-

0,01

0.01

Rationalistic

-2,8±0,6

-1,6±1,8

-0,7±2,1

0.01

0,01

0.01

 

The results of the tests allow us to pay attention to the most important characteristics for each bipolar categories of juvenile offenders. Thus, juvenile offenders who have committed administrative offenses police officers consider reckless ("rationalist": -2.8), evil ("fair": -1.9), lax ("responsible": -1.9) frivolous ("serious": -1.9), questionable ("reliable": -1.8). According to respondents, this category of minors is inherent in decision reckless and hasty conclusions and decisions, serenity, ability to insincerity, lying, two-faced, indiscipline, inconsistency, disorganization in education or business. Juvenile offenders badly brought up and dissolved, rash, thoughtless commit misconduct, lying, as those who deliberately conceal their nature, belief, truth of their intentions.

Juvenile offenders who have committed violent offenses, law enforcement officials believe impulsive ("Not impulsive": -2.2), reckless ("rationalist": -1.6), inert ("purposeful": -1.4), willpower ("gutless": 1.0), fearless ("shy": 0.9). Police believe that this category of young offenders prone to act under the influence of direct prompting impulse inherent in the adoption of reckless and hasty conclusions and decisions; carelessness and thoughtlessness, laziness, lack of initiative. According to law enforcement minors rather fearless, brave and valiant though they can not be called brave. The actions manifested unity of mind and will.

Juvenile offenders who have committed violent offenses selfish and following characteristics: Sly ("fair": -2.6) not sociable ("sociable": -2.5), heartless ("friendly": -2.5), abusive ("hearted": -2.4), impulsive ("not impulsive": -2.4), ruthless ("humane": -2.4), active ("passive": 1,4). Law enforcement officials say that this category of juvenile offenders are not able to be sociable, sociable, contact. They are characterized by isolation,  not sociable and they are ruthless, cruel, helpful with evil intentions.

Comparative analysis found that juveniles who committed violent offenses police attributed similar personal qualities of the selfish and violent offenders, "impulsive" (-2.2 and -2.4), "soft" (-1.3 and -1, 3), "clever" (0.1 and 0.3) and "fearless" (0.9 and 0.7); and administrative offenders "heartless" (-1.2 and -1.4) and "ruthless" (-0.8 and -0.9). Quite interesting was that juveniles who have committed a violent offense compared with administrative and selfish and violent, the police find a more "enlightened" (0,6 та -0,6, -0,6; р1,2≤0,01, р2,3≤0,01)"willpower" (1,0 та -1,2, 0,4; р1,2≤0,01, р2,3≤0,01), "responsible" (0,1 та -1,9, -0,7; р1,2≤0,01, р2,3≤0,01), while more "inert" (-1,4 та -0,7, 0,0; р1,2≤0,01, р2,3≤0,01)and "inflammatory" (-2,1 та -1,7, -1,5; р1,2≤0,01, р2,3≤0,01), but less "malicious" (-0,8 та -1,1, -1,5; р1,2≤0,01, р2,3≤0,01), "questionable" (-0,6 та -1,8, -1,6; р1,2≤0,01, р2,3≤0,01)and "negligent" (-0,4 та -1,7, -1,3; р1,2≤0,01, р2,3≤0,01).

Juveniles who committed violent offenses selfish and police attributed such similar personal characteristics of offenders administrative "ignorant" (-0.6 and -0.6), "questionable" (-1.6 and -1.8), and "inflammatory "(-1.5 and -1.8).

Note that juveniles who commit violent offenses selfish and in comparison with administrative and violent police believe a "malicious" (-2,4 та -1,1, -0,8; р1,3≤0,01, р2,3≤0,01), «wicked" (-2,6 та -1,9, -1,2; р1,3≤0,01, р2,3≤0,01), "heartless" (-2,5 та -1,4, -1,2; р1,3≤0,01, р2,3≤0,01)and "ruthless" (-2,4 та -0,9, -0,8; р1,3≤0,01, р2,3≤0,01)at the same time more "motivated" (0,0 та -0,7, -1,4; р1,3≤0,01, р2,3≤0,01)and "active" (1,4 та -1,2, 1,0; р1,3≤0,01, р2,3≤0,01).

As you can see, juveniles who have committed administrative offenses in comparison with the violent and selfish and violent police find more "sociable" (0,2 та -1,1, -2,5; р1,2≤0,01, р1,3≤0,01), but "gutless" (-1,2 та 1,0, 0,4; р1,2≤0,01, р1,3≤0,01), "passive" (-0,5 та 0,6, 1,4; р1,2≤0,01, р1,3≤0,01), "stupid" (-1,3 та 0,1, 0,3; р1,2≤0,01, р1,3≤0,01)and "timid" (-1,0 та 0,9, 0,7; р1,2≤0,01, р1,3≤0,01), a "negligent" (-1,7 та -0,4, -1,3; р1,2≤0,01, р1,3≤0,01), "soft" (-1,9 та -1,3, -1,3; р1,2≤0,01, р1,3≤0,01)and "reckless" (-2,8 та -1,6, -0,7; р1,2≤0,01, р1,3≤0,01)but less "impulsive" (-1,5 та -2,2, -2,4; р1,2≤0,01, р1,3≤0,01).

Conclusions from this study and the prospects for further development in this direction.

Thus, the study of the cognitive component of attitudes police officers in relation to various categories of juvenile offenders showed that offenders administrative police believe is bad-mannered, spoiled, reckless teenagers who commit offenses out of curiosity, as a result of the protest, and so on. They are characterized by spontaneity, pressure, uncontrollability, volatility, categorical. Guardians attributed to juveniles who have committed violent offenses following characteristics: short temper and impulsiveness, irritability, uncontrollable rage. According to law enforcement, these minor problems and confused in respect themselves undecided at this time. Their inherent unpredictability, incontinence, anxiety, individualism, insecurity, arrogance, selfishness. According to law enforcement minors who have committed violent offenses selfish and inherent knowledge, innocence, insecurity, indecision, insecurity, mental instability, problematic. As quickly and suggestions without organizational abilities, they are excellent "performers" criminal orders.

In this article we define representation policemen regarding personal qualities of the various categories of juvenile offenders, which is the cognitive component of social attitudes. As noted above social and attitudes have a complex structure and consists of three components where a change in one triggers another change. Therefore, we believe you need to continue to explore social attitudes of employees police officers, namely emotions and feelings police officers with respect to juvenile offenders and behavior toward them.

 

References:

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2. Ковальчук З.Я. Особливості психології особистості неповнолітнього правопорушника // Науковий вісник Львівського державного університету внутрішніх справ. Серія психологія.- 2008.- №1.- С.175-183.

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Иван Коноплицкий

Статья, как и все предидущие, написана грамотно. Цель статьи раскрыта. Желаю удачи в Ваших трудах. Успехов!

Долгова Валентина Ивановна

Дорогие Оксана! Приглашаю Вас и Ваших учеников принять участие в отраслевом Конгрессе " Психофизиологические, психологические и педагогические проблемы управления". Бесплатно. С выдачей сертификата и диплома. 1) Открыть сайт gisap.eu. 2) Кликнуть на значок нужного вам языка в правом верхнем углу - en/ru 3) Кликнуть на большой баннер с логотипом справа - МЕЖДУНАРОДНЫЕ НАУЧНЫЕ КОНГРЕССЫ МАНВО 4) Кликнуть на - Действующие конгрессы 5) Кликнуть на - Текущие сессии 6) Кликнуть на - " Психофизиологические, психологические и педагогические проблемы управления" Заполнить заявку: кликнуть на неё, указать свои ФИО, телефон, диплом не обязательно. Не упустите такую замечательную возможность бесплатного участия в зарубежном Конгрессе!!! С уважением, проф. Валентина Долгова.

Долгова Валентина Ивановна

Уважаемая Оксана! Рада Вашей новой работе! Эта работа (как и все Ваши предыдущие труды) актуальна и имеет несомненную теоретическую и практическую значимость. С уважением и пожеланием всяческих успехов, проф. Валентина Долгова.

Москалюк Виктория Юрьевна

Информационно статья насыщенна и грамотно структурирована, "задает" направление для дальнейших исследований. Подкупает верность исследователя избранной теме и тщательность в исследовании проблемы.

Форня-Стекайлов Юлиана

Представленный материал имеет теоретическую и прикладную значимость. Методология исследования продуманна хорошо, также логически и правильно статистически представлены результаты данных исследований. Надеемся что по этим трем категориям несовершеннолетних правонарушителей в дальнейшем будут изучены и другие психологические составляющие и это будет эффективным дополнением результатов по двум представленным методам исследования! Желаю Вам успехов в научной и практической деятельности!

Грошев Игорь Васильевич

Проблема, поставленная в работе имеет значимую практическую направленность. Достаточно логически изложенная, с хорошей эмпирической и доказательной частью статья вызывает научный интерес. Проблема взаимоотношений - важная проблема современности, особенно преломляемая через призму девиантности и деликветности. Цель, поставленная в работе достигнута. Дальнейших успехов!
Комментарии: 6

Иван Коноплицкий

Статья, как и все предидущие, написана грамотно. Цель статьи раскрыта. Желаю удачи в Ваших трудах. Успехов!

Долгова Валентина Ивановна

Дорогие Оксана! Приглашаю Вас и Ваших учеников принять участие в отраслевом Конгрессе " Психофизиологические, психологические и педагогические проблемы управления". Бесплатно. С выдачей сертификата и диплома. 1) Открыть сайт gisap.eu. 2) Кликнуть на значок нужного вам языка в правом верхнем углу - en/ru 3) Кликнуть на большой баннер с логотипом справа - МЕЖДУНАРОДНЫЕ НАУЧНЫЕ КОНГРЕССЫ МАНВО 4) Кликнуть на - Действующие конгрессы 5) Кликнуть на - Текущие сессии 6) Кликнуть на - " Психофизиологические, психологические и педагогические проблемы управления" Заполнить заявку: кликнуть на неё, указать свои ФИО, телефон, диплом не обязательно. Не упустите такую замечательную возможность бесплатного участия в зарубежном Конгрессе!!! С уважением, проф. Валентина Долгова.

Долгова Валентина Ивановна

Уважаемая Оксана! Рада Вашей новой работе! Эта работа (как и все Ваши предыдущие труды) актуальна и имеет несомненную теоретическую и практическую значимость. С уважением и пожеланием всяческих успехов, проф. Валентина Долгова.

Москалюк Виктория Юрьевна

Информационно статья насыщенна и грамотно структурирована, "задает" направление для дальнейших исследований. Подкупает верность исследователя избранной теме и тщательность в исследовании проблемы.

Форня-Стекайлов Юлиана

Представленный материал имеет теоретическую и прикладную значимость. Методология исследования продуманна хорошо, также логически и правильно статистически представлены результаты данных исследований. Надеемся что по этим трем категориям несовершеннолетних правонарушителей в дальнейшем будут изучены и другие психологические составляющие и это будет эффективным дополнением результатов по двум представленным методам исследования! Желаю Вам успехов в научной и практической деятельности!

Грошев Игорь Васильевич

Проблема, поставленная в работе имеет значимую практическую направленность. Достаточно логически изложенная, с хорошей эмпирической и доказательной частью статья вызывает научный интерес. Проблема взаимоотношений - важная проблема современности, особенно преломляемая через призму девиантности и деликветности. Цель, поставленная в работе достигнута. Дальнейших успехов!
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