facebook
twitter
vk
instagram
linkedin
google+
tumblr
akademia
youtube
skype
mendeley
Global international scientific
analytical project
GISAP
GISAP logotip
Перевод страницы
 

TYPOLOGY OF NONTRADITIONAL THEATRE SPACES IN LOCAL CONTEXT IN UKRAINE

TYPOLOGY OF NONTRADITIONAL THEATRE SPACES IN LOCAL CONTEXT IN UKRAINE
Oksana Sinkevych , аспирант

Andrey Khir, аспирант

Национальный университет «Львовская политехника», Украина

Участник конференции

The article is devoted to the analysis of nontraditional theatre spaces. Authors state that modern forms of acting are one of the important factors in the formation of urban spaces.Elements of theatre activity can form regional brand and identity which in turn will make it more attractive to visitors and investors.(Based on the analysis of Transcarpatian and Volyn regions of Ukraine).

Keywords: theatre space, public space, local, improvisation, acting, environment.

 

Introduction

Today theater does not lose its value, and organically grows into the socio-cultural environment generates new cultural strategy.

Today we can observe a bright flash of experimental theater in Ukraine, which combines a revision of philosophical principles and expressive means with the destruction of theatrical forms and meanings, attempt to return the theater to its origin, implement appropriate technology to acting. One can say that theater is trying to cleanse itself of excess - burdensome structural shell, which inhibits its expression. [1], [2] Similarly, theatre tries to move beyond its own building, overcoming dictates of monolithic architectural constants to return to a more archaic form of space action. Today, in the beginning of new century, we have to take into account the fact that the theatrical acting has gone beyond specific customary structures. Theatre is developing as a synthesis of art, combining in new artistic strategies such as performance, happening, actionism, flash mob, interactive media. Modern theater often requires active communication between the actors and with the audience as a result the distinction between audience and actors becomes arbitrary. Such theater plays not only an entertainment role, and is able reflect current socio-political events or philosophical themes, uniting together wide social variety that rarely interact.

Theatre space outside the box

One of the key elements of modern acting is the space as a theater primarily begins to exist outside. Thus theater, due to some socio-cultural processes has migrated to a specialized facility few ages ago, now is returning to the city spaces or the landscape environment. Relations between city and the theater can serve as a basis for the study of wide variety of phenomena of urban life. [3]One of the potential theatre spaces in modern urban environment is an city square. Square - a space that seamlessly flows into urban development and has a number of specific functions. Since Middle Ages the city square is a place of concentration of social life, where people of different social status have points of intersection. Historically, one of the important activity of city square is act of spectate. Today city square literally becomes a scene. Potential audience is involved to participation and activity, unlike sentimental sympathy audience in classical theater. [3], [4,с.13-17]In the theater building actor and spectator are constantly separated. It lies in the architecture and typology of theatrical space: a long way since getting into the theater building to the immediate deployment of spectacular action, motionless sitting position, stage machinery, technical lighting, sound notification of the beginning of the action clearly differentiate the theatrical action and reality. In return, theatrical performance that takes place in the urban spaces gets polar characteristics: participation, interactivity, spontaneity. The audience becomes part of the action, and the urban environment is transformed into a theatrical space. An example of integration of theater in the urban environment is a theatrical performance in the center of Uzhgorod in the International Festival of Puppet Theater "Interlialka 2013." Another example is using the lane and the stairs as stage and auditorium (Palace of youth, Lutsk).

It should be noted that the square is no longer the only place of acting in an urban environment. Theatre action reaches urban space, which usually does not have the feature of theater - abandoned buildings, industrial zones, landscapes and etcetera. Contrast between traditional and modern theatre action is traced not only in way of acting but in space of action. For example, the festival "Gogolfest" is one of the most important cultural and theatrical events in Ukraine that combines different kinds of art, from theater to art and educational programs. For two years this festival takes place on Vydubitska industrial zone in the experimental mechanical plant in Kyiv.[5]In this case the space is one of the key elementsthat creates the impression and defines the vector of theatrical performances.Stage space and audience are made of industrial frame and pallets, paintings on the walls and installations are designed by contemporary artists and create fascinating scenography. Theater props include elements of the industrial interior space, such as a crane girder. Interpretation of the industrial zone as the art space obtained considerable resonance. Today further steps are made to transform this location into a full-fledged, multicultural center, which in turn could give a boost to the revitalization this degraded area.

Integration of theater in an environment unsuitable for it has a synergistic effect especially in a regional context.[6] As an example, one can cite the annual festival "Kredents" in Vinogradiv in Transcarpathia.[7]Each year the festival changes its location, but retains the key idea: holding actionsin degraded areas on the periphery of the city (a furniture factory, cement factory, abandoned tourist camp).The repertoire of the festival consist of theater performances, recitations, concerts, art exhibitions. The venue of theater performances in 2013 was the abandoned one-story building that was backstage and make-up room both. The facade of the building has been transformed into decorative panel that served as the staging element, created by renowned street artist from Lutsk. The peculiar feature is the placement of viewers - dispersed and simultaneous, there are no strict seats and the audience is able to choose the point of perception. A natural blend of genres results in a complete and original artistic product. Interaction of the environment and art has a broad resonance, for example, in 2013, small town Vinogradiv visited curator of the Dutch Biennale of Contemporary Art. Lack of cultural development is one of the reasons for the decline of the province, and cultural activity can be the impetus for the development of the whole region, revive tourism, attract investment, involve in the cultural activity local population.

Another positive example of local self-organization is festival of Theatre Art "Ptah" in Lower Village in Transcarpathian region. Festival is organized by the initiative group of local enthusiasts. The aim of the festival is presentation of children's and youth theater groups. The acting is conducted both indoor and outdoor in the local house of culture and in landscape environment. Nearby the house of culture wooden frame theatre pavilion was erected.

Theatrical acting, freed from the conventions, often refers to the interpretation of folk traditions. As a result, the connection between spectator and participant with environment is reborn. The action takes place alternately, in a landscape environment and in the interior, which is peculiar for Ukrainian folk acting. [8]A typical example is the reconstruction of the ceremonial event on the festival "Vodinnya kysta" in village Svarytsevychi in Rivne region.[9]

Classification of nontraditional theater spaces in the urban environment

Spaces

Type of action

Location principles

Example

Name of event

Name of the theater

Year

Abandoned buildings, ruins

Play (tragedy)

Church of I.Bogoslov

Festival of theatres“Mandrivnyy vishak”, Lutsk

“Zhuky”

2013

The tourist camp

Festival“Kredents”, Vynogradiv

“Figlish-M”

2013

Industrial zones

Performance

Furniture factory

Festival“Kredents”, Vynogradiv

 

2012

Play

Experimental - Mechanical Plant

Festival“Gogolfest”, Kyiv

«Dah»

2013

Urban space

Play

Stairs near the Palace of youth

Festival of theatres“Mandrivnyy vishak”, Lutsk

“Deep”

2013

Performance

Theatre square

“Interlyalka”, Uzhgorod

 

2013

Historical reconstruction of battle

Hyurbivskyy forest

Annyversary of Hyurbenska battle, Rinve region

 

2014

Landscape environment

Reconstruction of the pre-Christian rites

The village

Festivaloffolkart “Vodinnya kysta”, Rinve region

Folk collectives

2011-2013

Play (humoresques)

Bank of Nobel lake

Festivalofhumor“Laureateof Nobel prize”, Rinve region

Folk collectives

2003-2013

Play, chants, dances

The village

Ethnographic festival “Lemkivskavatra”, Transcarpatian region

Folk collectives

2009-2013

Theatrical journey

Lutsk castle courtyard

Festival “Night in Lutsk castle”, Lutsk

«КОТ»

 

2007-2013

Historical environment

Historical reconstruction

Lutsk castle courtyard

Festival“StarodavniyLutsk.Epoha doblesti”, Lutsk

“Palladin”

2007-2013

Historicalreconstruction

Archaeological complex "Peresopnytsya"

Festival“Rus Peresopnytska” Rinve region

Clubs

2012-2013

Historical reconstruction

Castle of St. Miklosh

Festival“Sribnyy tatosh”, Transcarpatian region

Clubs

2012-2013

Play (tragedy)

Youth sport school "Olympus" (former synagogue)

Festival of theatres“Mandrivnyy vishak”, Lutsk

“Teatrali”

2013

Public, commercial buildings

Play

House of Culture

Festival of theatre“Ptah”,

Transcarpatian region

“Figlish-M”

2013

Performance

Foyer hypermarket “New Line”

Festival of theatres“Mandrivnyy vishak”, Lutsk

Richard Pettifer

2013

Following events and activities  have a number of distinctive features:

  • • Democracy
  • • Non-standard space
  • • Self-organization
  • • Recycling
  • • Improvisation
  • • Interactivity
  • • Adaptability
  • • Local context

Summary

Modern theater is gaining new forms and content merging with other art forms and integrating into the environment. Often theatre does not require special buildings that limit its development, and tends to open, independent spaces. Following the example of local events with a theatrical component one can affirm that they do not require significant material costs, but are powerful artistic and cultural products, which promote the region and create its identity. However, this does not mean that designing theatrical spaces no longer needed. Simply, we are witnessing that architectural activity in this field is moving away from the traditional theater buildings construction to the specific design of modern architectural environment which not only takes into account the possibility of performing, but also put new requirements for the organization of such spaces. And they, in turn, may be an impetus for regional development, attract the resources which are necessary for positive change in urban, provincial centers, abandoned areas. Following these facts one can say that contemporary forms of theater and art can cause cultural renaissance and development of modern Ukraine.

 

References:

  1. Lypkivska, Anna. 2006. Literary source and theatrical text: from egocentrism of "young" theater turn 1980 - 1990 years – to democratic values ​​of present, Essays on the history of Ukrainian theater art of the XX century. Kyiv: Intertechnilogia. p. 889-915.
  2. Klekovkin, Olexandr. 2013. Post-Soviet entry into theater studies. Kyiv:Fenix. p. 353-360
  3. Rappaport, Alexandr. Space of a city and a theatre. http://papardes.blogspot.com.
  4. Chepelik, Oxana. 2009. Interaction of architectural spaces, contemporary art and new technologies or multimedia utopia. Kyiv: Himdzhest. p. 272.
  5. Oliynyk, Yevgeniya.2014. Who owns “Gogolfest”?http://www.radiosvoboda.org/content/article/25100741.html
  6. Halkin, Dmitriy. Strategy of cultural development of cities: Modern Approaches.http://old.jourssa.ru/2005/4/2cGalkin.pdf
  7. Bismak,Rosana, Kredents: five years of informal leisure, street art and friendly picnic.http://varosh.com.ua/all/post/kulturashow/kredenc-pyat-rokiv-neformalnoi-tusivki-strit-artu-ta-druzhnih-piknikiv#.U1_Fvvl_tIE
  8. Proskuryakov, Viktor.2001. Architecture of Ukrainian Theatre: Space and Action. Lviv: Lviv Polytechnic, p. 25-46.
  9. Bosyk, Larysa. Driving of the bush.
  10. http://babylibrarivolodymyrec.org.ua/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=324:q-q&catid=26&Itemid=41  
Комментарии: 1

Olga Kostyuchenko

Очень хорошая статья. В данный момент исследования о театральной деятельности и пространстве для этой деятельности являются актуальными.
Комментарии: 1

Olga Kostyuchenko

Очень хорошая статья. В данный момент исследования о театральной деятельности и пространстве для этой деятельности являются актуальными.
Партнеры
 
 
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
Would you like to know all the news about GISAP project and be up to date of all news from GISAP? Register for free news right now and you will be receiving them on your e-mail right away as soon as they are published on GISAP portal.