- О проекте
- Результаты и Награды
- Партнерские программы
- Международные услуги
Сорокский Аграрно Технический Колледж, Молдова
Участник первенства: Национальное первенство по научной аналитике - "Молдова";
Открытое Европейско-Азиатское первенство по научной аналитике;
In work experience on the given subjects in the Countries of the Central Europe and Finland is stated. In conclusions it ascertained that the worker reached the best labor productivity when it is capable from pressure from the eutside motivation. He convinced of the person is capable to join in management of economic development of the enterprise.
Keywords: productivity, work, creative thought, Social-psychological knowledge: improving professional work, managerial skills.
In this thesis there is mentioned about the financial administration mechabism's improvement of the agricultural institutions for the work qualification of the new paradigm of the European Educational System. There are shown the advantages of the managerial reform. It vas spoken about the leadership's levels. In conclusions were indicated the general ways of the educational management's reform.
Agricultural education institutions in most programs on special subjects do a student of a certain amount of social and psychological knowledge to future leaders in the practice of working with people. In addition, the traditional method of teaching those disciplines where obtaining such knowledge stipulated in the annex to the actual production is not always effective enough. All modern management, which seek to achieve socio-economic optimal result can not come only from the economic criteria, it must simultaneously pursue common social and humanitarian objectives.
Materials and methods of research
In this paper in your choice of methods were guided by an integrated approach: a comparative analysis, the method of factor analysis; the method of expert evaluation.
Results of the study
Replaced by techno-central thinking came a people-cantered approach to management. Strange as it may seem, but this approach formed the basis of modern Western management.After all, the discrimination of the administration style was kept because the "offset" does not permit the competence, given the ability to manage people, it is not suitable. This situation can hardly take place in conditions of a rigid competition, fighting for the quality of the product and its consumer.
The economy is not an end in it self, it serves to perpetuate human existence by softening the tension caused by the unlimited needs and lack of resources to address them, reducing the distance between the occurrence and saturation requirements. The company is part of the economy. Therefore, it is not an end in itself and is characterized by a philosophy based on a person's right to receive material benefits and services. Therefore, economy, representing a multidimensional task system should meet the needs of consumers, ensure appropriate interest on capital employed, consider the interests of employees and produce state taxes. Profit is not the goal of economic development, but merely a background for her achievements. The enterprise must operate as a public duty, in accordance with economic principles, costs and efficiency, costs and profits. 
In Central Europe for decades, it was alleged that the highest result in the economic process of production can be achieved by a small group of managers will totally dominate, others dutifully obey fate and be thankful their superiors.The work was constant pressure, which caused fear of losing weight, and thus is the basis of existence.
According to this theory, maximum performance is achieved there, where there is the greatest fear.However from experience know that workers understood the meaning of his work, are a constant threat to resort to "internal emigration", by passive resistance does not become creative and active people they do only as long as necessary.They have a chance, although they are not always aware, but in most cases it feels intuitively, exercise their human being through work.Therefore, the thesis about the management of the enterprise modern way can only have the following wording: "Freedom as much as possible, the established order – out of necessity".
Studies in Germany indicate that managers increasingly must possess abilities beyond their professional qualifications. Refers of ability to engage in management of personnel at all levels and the justification of the motivation of work, creating a "collective sense", creative atmosphere.
The best guide is a reasonable collective, as well as competent and responsible management. It is remarkable that so wish all employees.They want to have the head, which accord to the mind and mental qualities, not for official post, the leader who has a clear and consistent approach to the problem statement, courage and determination, which may explain the relationship of things understands people and versed in modern technology.The Manager must not only perform their professional tasks and obsessively work, but also to properly assess the past and look into the future, navigate in complex systems.He must be competent in social issues, to be able to maintain a fruitful debate on the Organization of labor, develop group dynamics and be convinced that mutual efforts will yield the appropriate result.
Social responsibility is a prerequisite for a strong economy, which in turn is a mandatory basis of any social policy. Two opposing factors should grow the force that is necessary for the success of the enterprise». 
Of great interest is the Finnish experience: results-based management system.Famous Finnish managers as Й. Ниссинен, Ю. Лехто, И. Ронкайнен write that inspired a new approach to performance management – served as the dissatisfaction of Finnish enterprises American system of management by objectives that were installed are usually formally. Management by objectives ultimately turned into a process for selecting only the goals, real results as though were not taken into account. Some consideration on the development of results-based management had Japanese management thinking. Exploring the phenomenon of Japanese management led to an understanding of how important for the effective functioning of the Organization are the end results of the labor collective and organizational culture. The main objective is to clarify the meaning of each worker's labors; creation of conditions for the free development of human mental and physical abilities to achieve jointly agreed outcomes and improved quality of life. Labor management by results as though loses forced, administrative in nature.
To maximize the creative abilities of each employee understands that when the result is defined on the means to achieve it, the performer is given the freedom to choose. Limiting factors can be, on the one hand, the strategy, on the other hand, the existing authority and resources.
The aim of the work is not clear and there is no way to make use of their capabilities, there is no motivation in a person and he does not have the mood to be at work. When the goal of the work is clear, then it is easier to organize. In terms of the approach to managing people many times more opportunities to achieve results than traditional management culture based on orders.
Performance-based management understands that everyone wants to be successful in the work; people have abilities and benevolent; most of the employees is committed to responsible work; getting satisfaction from work; the person wants to learn and develop; everyone has untapped creativity.
Thus, the values and the status of people working at the plant, creating a portrait of labor collective.
According to Finnish managers, the main reason for the differences in labor productivity in the private and public sectors is different set of attitudes: the longer the underestimated the impact the bureaucratic organizational culture, the less competitive compared to the private sector it will.
The Office is assisting subordinates in their task executed successfully. 
Task Manager is to achieve results, which includes the planning, implementation, monitoring, and development.
Talking about the essence of management by results, there should be a clear distinction between the terms "results" and "contribution". We have a deeply rooted habit of defining what needs to be done during the workday. Directives and regulations, labor agreements and plans clearly regulate our activities.What we need to accomplish their work, remains (in terms of management) undefined.
Finnish managers believe that the success of the control depends on the following factors:
Changes to improve the situation in the same way as values will affect individual and organizational structure, flow of information, system design or working methods. Development requires both people and things.
Activity senior management. If the top leadership will not keep at the job, its not even worth starting.
Involvement of all staff. The success most depends on the ability to use creative abilities of members of the Organization, which is not possible in an authoritarian system of governance. First you have to change the culture of management and only then, when employees begin to awaken a sense of responsibility and a desire to move to a new way of development, performance management system will be a success.
Results-based management system has been successfully used on hundreds of Finnish enterprises, employment on which is from 5 up to 14 thousand people.Many enterprises and firms using the considered approach to management are moving into the second phase of its development, which is characterized by the release of creativity and creative creativity. The managementand agricultural production is in order to bring it into line with the needs of the population.Here are very necessary transformative leaders, because the Office is, to a certain extent – a bridge to the future.
Now almost of all human activities are collective. Teaching in schools is focused on purely individual work of each student.
Itinerancy is the main production unit of our society. In a particular workplace man applies its professional knowledge, takes creativity.The productive labor groups are based on friendship and mutual assistance, ensuring the unity of State, collective and individual interests, the responsibility of each team and team for each employee.
It is therefore very important that teams were a system conducive to the professional development and improvement of orderliness does not preclude individual initiatives. An increased role of collective importance of psychosocial and organizational factors affecting productivity of creative work. For creative work is characterized by the variety of different situations, as well as the means and methods to solve them. In addition, optimally functioning team are :
There are other no less important for the functioning of the collective, but they represent a separate interest. Therefore, teaching modern methods of organization and management of the collective work is very relevant. The relevance of such education is also the fact that this form of Labor Organization belongs to the future. This is due both to the social structure of our society and objective the development of science, which leads to new technical solutions and technologies (because of their complexity), keeps popping up as a result of collective thought.
The notion of "intensification", "efficiency" and "quality" should characterize all the processes aimed at the development of our society. Also it is preparing future engineers, which includes learning characteristics of collective professional activities, modern methods of search of new technologies and technical solutions.
However, the 2006-2011 periods in agricultural college’s graduates last years activity analysis showed they did not only lack expertise and organizational skills, but lack the psychological preparedness of the control functions that directly enters the professional duties .As a result of the prolonged process of adaptation specialist, and this, as you know, creates a certain discomfort for workers and impose moral and material losses. Reviewing the analysis of the College focused on increased production, requests to their knowledge graduate was able to apply in new conditions of managing. Recently proved effective and widely accepted pedagogic cooperation. Teacher and student cooperation is just one of the valuable qualities.
Thus, the use of non-traditional techniques is not an alternative to the traditional, time-tested. Experience has shown the possibility of their combination, and that the two lines only reinforce and complement each other.