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Effective Governance and Intellectual Property Support. Fighting with Counterfeiting and Piracy (Part 1)

Effective Governance and Intellectual Property Support. Fighting with Counterfeiting and Piracy (Part 1)
Георгий Чиладзе, доктор юридических наук, профессор

Университет Грузии, Грузия

Участник первенства: Национальное первенство по научной аналитике - "Грузия";

Открытое Европейско-Азиатское первенство по научной аналитике;

The development of an effective system of state management and protection of intellectual property should be one of the main priorities of the Government of Georgia. Chapter 9 of the DCFTA deals with intellectual property issues. It is necessary to carry out relevant measures aimed at protecting intellectual property in Georgia to provide its proper and efficient functioning. One of the key issues is the elaboration of an effectiveenforcement mechanisms.

It is necessary to create in Georgia a national council for support andprotection of intellectual property, control of counterfeiting and piracyandto carry out relevant actions aimed atpublic consciousness.

The National Council forIntellectual Property Support and Counterfeit Control, at the given stage, should mainly carry out such functions as: 1) Developing an action plan and programs for the intellectual property supportandagainst counterfeiting and piracy; 2) Formulation of the National Intellectual Property Strategy and facilitation to its Execution Measures; 3) Coordination and support of government activities based on international and European initiatives in the field of intellectual property support, counterfeitand piracycontrol; 4) Analyzisand systematization of statisticaldata on counterfeit; 5) Coordination of awareness raising activities on issues related to intellectual property within Georgian society and initiation ofinformation campaigns, their support and implementation of these activities.

As for the organizational structure of the Council: the relevant working groups should be necessarily represented there accordance tospecific directions. The Council may presumably includethe following working groups: 1) Strategies, programs and action plans; 2) Analysis, statistics and joint operations; 3) Border, anti-counterfeit and anti-piracymeasures; 4) Coordination and implementation; 5) Arbitration, representation and execution; 6) Informational provision; 7) State procurement and material reserves, trade and industry; 8) Agriculture and food; 9) Labor and health care; 9) Art specimens, social-cultural rights protection; 10) Public consciousnessdevelopment; 11) Prevention and monitoring.

Keywords: Intellectual property, public administration, DCFTA, law regulation, economic development, contraption.

 

The development of an effective system of state management and protection of intellectual property should be one of the main priorities of the Government of Georgia. Significant steps have been made in this direction in scope of such governmental programs as: "Freedom, fast development, well-being" (government program 2016-2020) and "For Strong, Democratic, United Georgia", which was adopted in 2015.

In this paper, under the notion of "intellectual property rights" we consider at minimum the following rights: copyright, copyright-related rights, database creator’s “sui generis” rights, semi-conductor product topology creator’s rights, rights arising from trademarks, rights related to design, patent rights, including rightsarising from the additional protection certificate, geographical indications, rights related to utility models, rights arising from the of plant varieties, trade names.

Chapter 9 of the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area Agreement (DCFTA) between Georgia and the European Union deals with intellectual property issues. Specifically, Article 150 of the Agreement aims at: (a) Promoting the production and commercialization of innovative and creative products between the parties, and (b) achieving the adequate and effective level of protection and enforcement of intellectual property rights.And in accordance with Article 190, Parties reaffirm their commitments to the TRIPS Agreement, in particular its Part III, and provide the measures, procedures and actions stipulated by Part III which are necessary for the purpose of enforcing Intellectual Property Rights. The supportive measures and actions must be effective, proportionate and should be used in such a manner as to avoid creation of barriers to legitimate trade and the established safety measures should not allowthe supportive measures to become abusive.

The priority of this approach is due to the fact that it is closely linked with the country's economic growth and development. However, losses caused by counterfeiting and piracy, damage to goods and commodity markets, is important for the country's economy. This is why it is necessary to carry out relevant measures aimed at protecting intellectual property in Georgia to provide its proper and efficient functioning.

At the present stage, one of the key issues is the elaboration of an effectiveenforcement mechanisms.Specifically, the issues of civil enforcement by which the party provides (even before the case proceedings) that the competent court may, on the basis of the request of the Party (which has provided the relevant evidence that the intellectual property rights had been violated or mightbe infringed) use immediate and effective Preliminary Provision measures for maintaining appropriate evidence relating to possible infringement of rights, in accordance with the principle of confidentiality of information.

Such measures may contain detailed descriptions of the goods or equipment, with or without sampling orin the case goods are produced by presumptive  violation of law, or when necessary, seizure of all materials, tools/equipment used in the process of production and/orsale of such goodsand also of the related documentation.These measures shall be possibly carried out without listening to the other party, particularly in case whenany delay may bring irreparable damage to the rights holder or if there is a clear risk of destruction of evidences.

According to the existing practice, in Georgia, the distribution channels of counterfeit products include: open markets, fairs, internet shops, pharmacies, street fairs, small shops, etc.The high degree of counterfeit items influences the pricing mechanism, the market price determination, etc. High price indirectly confirms the product's authenticity.

Another aspect that has manifested itself in Georgian reality is a gray or parallel import whenthe original product is delivered without a sanction by a proprietor. Obviously, for the representatives of the rights holder, such unauthorized delivery is the undisputed case of the counterfeit.

As it was already mentioned, one of the key issues is the strengthening of state management in the sphere of intellectual property and the effective coordinationbetween the state governing bodies in this regard. Of course, private sector as well as media shouldnot be excluded fromthis process.

Practice shows that the share of counterfeit products in Georgia is ratherhigh and in accordance with the current tendency, the figurewill increase. Obviously, it is not directly related to ineffective work of law enforcement, customs, tax and other relevant structures, as the number of violations revealed by them is also increasing. In ouropinion, here we are dealing more with less effective management, because there is not fully comprehended thethreat, specifics and the extent of the spread related to the production, spreadingand sale of counterfeit products.We can discussthis topic not only in terms of itseconomicimpact, but moral and social impacts as well.

With regard to the abovedirection, itis also important to understand and evaluate the importance of the new and increasing role ofthe National Center for Intellectual Property (“Sakpatenti”) as of one of the state governing bodies, within theand anti-piracy and anti-counterfeit measures, as well as in definition of its functions withinthe activities aimed at coordinating the measures for enforcing the intellectual property rights.

Of course, the experience of international partners and more active cooperation with them should be taken into consideration in this context, which will facilitate to the development and effective managementof the capacities.

International experience shows that creation of a national collegial bodyrepresents quite a successful form of theintellectual property management, its protection and the fight against counterfeiting, which unitesdifferent institutions in an effort to design action plan and programsaimed against counterfeit and piracy, provides formulationof the National Intellectual Property Strategy and facilitatesto its enforcement activities, as well asgives support and coordination to governmental activities that are based on international and European initiatives.

Taking into consideration the above, it is necessary to create in Georgia a national council for support andprotection of intellectual property, control of counterfeiting and piracyandto carry out relevant actions aimed atpublic consciousness. The Council should be a consultative body, which supposedly shouldrepresentfrom13 to 21 different institutions. TheCouncil Boardshall be composed of both public and private sector representatives.

In our opinion, at the current stage, Georgian governmental sector may be represented in the Council by the following ministries, agencies and their respective structural units (see Table):

Table

Estimated Representation of the Ministries of Georgia and their Relevant Services / Structural Units in the National Council for the Protection of Intellectual Property, Contraption and Piracy

##

Ministry, State Agency

Job / Structural Unit

Note

1

 

1.Ministry of Justice of Georgia

1. Department of International Public Law,

2. The EU Department of Law,

3.Department of State Representation in Arbitration and Foreign Courts

4. Department of State Representation at the International Courts http://www.justice.gov.ge/Ministry/Index/389#

see departments

 

2

 

Ministry of Labor, Health and Social Affairs

1) Healthcare Department,

2) Derament of Labor and Employment Policy

http://www.moh.gov.ge/en/452/

see departments

 

 

 

3

Ministry of Culture and Monument Protection of Georgia

1. Department of International Relations,

2. Promotion, Regional Programs and Project Management Department

Http://www.culture.gov.ge/getattachment/Public-Info/Structure/Structure-(2).pdf.aspx

see departments

 

4

 

Ministry of Education and Science of Georgia

1. Department of Strategic Planning and International Relations,

2. Economic Department

Http://www.mes.gov.ge/content.php?id=9&lang=eng.

see departments

 

5

 

 

Public Defender of Georgia

1. Department of Civil, Political, Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

Http://www.ombudsman.ge/en/about-us/struqtura/departamentebi

2.Prevention and Monitoring Department

Http://www.ombudsman.ge/ge/prevenciis-erovnuli-meqanizmi

see departments

 

6

 

Business Ombudsmanof Georgia

 

Georgian Business Oddsman’sOffice

Http://businessombudsman.ge/ka/about-us/the-office-of-the-business-ombudsman-of-georgia

see the staff

 

7

 

Ministry of Agriculture of Georgia

 

1) Department of Agriculture and Food

2) European Integration Department

http://www.moa.gov.ge/Ge/Department

see departments

 

8

 

Ministry of Economy and Sustainable Development of Georgia

1. Agency "Georgian Innovation and Technology Agency"

2. Investment Policy and Investment Promotion Department;

3. Department of Foreign Trade Policy;

4. Country Brand Development Service;

Http://www.economy.ge/?page=structure

see the structure of the Ministry

 

9

 

Ministry of Finance of Georgia

1. Department of Tax and Customs Policy,

Http://www.mof.ge/4478

2. Investigation Service

Http://mof.ge/saministros_struktura

see departments

 

10

Ministry of Internal Affairs of Georgia

 

 

1) Joint Operations Center (Department)

Http://police.ge/en/ministry/structure-and-offices/ertoblivi-operatsiebis-tsentri-departamenti

2) Border Police (Special Service and Law Enforcement Body, as a state subordinate agency http://police.ge/en/ministry/structure-and-offices/saqartvelos-sasazghvro-politsia

3) Information-Analytical Department

Http://police.ge/ge/ministry/structure-and-offices/sainformatsio-analitikuri-departamenti

4) National Central Bureau of Interpol in Georgia (Department)

Http://police.ge/ge/ministry/structure-and-offices/interpolis-erovnuli-tsentraluri-biuro-saqartveloshi

5) International Relations Department

Http://police.ge/ge/ministry/structure-and-offices/saertashoriso-urtiertobebis-departamenti

6) Department of State Material Reserves of Georgia

Http://police.ge/en/lepl/sakhelmtsifo-materialuri-rezervebis-departamenti

see the structure of the Ministry

 

 

11

Chief Prosecutor's Office of Georgia

 

 

Departments of the Chief Prosecutor's Office of Georgia

Http://pog.gov.ge/geo/about/departments

1. Investigative part of the Chief Prosecutor's Office of Georgia;

2.Economic Department

see structure)

12

Ministry of Defense of Georgia

State procurement department Treasury of the Ministry

https://mod.gov.ge/assets/up-modul/uploads/pdf/MoD-Structure-GEO_1.pdf

see structure of the Ministry

 

13

National Intellectual Property Center "Sakpatenti"

Heads / Executives

Http://www.sakpatenti.gov.ge/ka/page/21/

see structure)

 

 

Obviously, the National Council forIntellectual Property Support and Counterfeit Control should include: NGOs for consumer protection, as well as national structures of media and information communications. However, we plan to discuss this issue together with other issues in the second part of the article.

In my opinion, the National Council forIntellectual Property Support and Counterfeit Control, at the given stage, should mainly carry out such functions as: 1) Developing an action plan and programs for the intellectual property supportandagainst counterfeiting and piracy; 2) Formulation of the National Intellectual Property Strategy and facilitation to its Execution Measures; 3) Coordination and support of government activities based on international and European initiatives in the field of intellectual property support, counterfeitand piracycontrol; 4) Analyzisand systematization of statisticaldata on counterfeit; 5) Coordination of awareness raising activities on issues related to intellectual property within Georgian society and initiation ofinformation campaigns, their support and implementation of these activities.

As for the organizational structure of the Council: the relevant working groups should be necessarily represented there accordance tospecific directions. The Council may presumably includethe following working groups: 1) Strategies, programs and action plans; 2) Analysis, statistics and joint operations; 3) Border, anti-counterfeit and anti-piracymeasures; 4) Coordination and implementation; 5) Arbitration, representation and execution; 6) Informational provision; 7) State procurement and material reserves, trade and industry; 8) Agriculture and food; 9) Labor and health care; 9) Art specimens, social-cultural rights protection; 10) Public consciousnessdevelopment; 11) Prevention and monitoring.

Proceeding fromthe above, it can be said that in the most cases it would be expedient if Georgian ministries are represented both in the council and in the working groups with two or more departments/ structural units. This is determinedby the Council's goals and functions. Obviously, the structure of the particular Ministry and the specificity of the tasks of the Council itselfshould be taken into considerationin this case. That is, the number of persons represented in the Council from the particular ministries may be varied(if thedeputiesare not deputy ministers, but at the level of departments and departments) and can significantly exceed the number of ministries represented. We however believe that the "extension” ofthe number of members of the council is not artificial, it is dictated only by the interests of the case and will only benefit the case.

 

References:

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Ваша оценка: Нет Средняя: 5.8 (5 голосов)
Комментарии: 21

Мельничук Виталий Викторович

Уважаемый профессор. Вашу работу читал с "карандашом". Ряд Ваших наработок рекомендовал своим коллегам, для возможного использования в работе государственного сектора. Учитывая, что именно интелектуальная собственность стала предметом первых международных договоров, а само понятие известно юристам 17-18 века, теоретическая и практическая обоснованность Вашего труда заслуживает высокой оценки. Об этом собственно говорят и все участники проекта. Достаточно мощное начало. Успехов в продолжении и внедрении в практику.

Чиладзе Георгий Бидзинович

Уважаемый Теймур Эльдарович, большое спасибо за заинтересованность научным трудом, оценку и пожелания. Всегда рад сотрудничать с Вами. С уважением, проф. Г.Б.Чиладзе

Гудадзе Мэги

Dear Professor G.Chiladze, a really well-researched topic, and the research is written on a highly professional level. Here, legal, economic, managerial and social issues are intertwined, vital aspects of real protection and development of intellectual property in Georgia. I wish further creative successes and achievements!

Чиладзе Георгий Бидзинович

Dear colleague, thank you very much for your interest in scientific work, evaluation and wishes. I agree with you that legal, economic, managerial and social issues are intertwined in the work, which are vitally important for the real protection and development of intellectual property in Georgia. Sincerely, prof. G.B.Chiladze

Гудадзе Мэги

Уважемый Георгий Бидзинович, действительно хорошо проработанная тема, а и исследование написано на высокопрофессиональном уровне. Здесь переплетаются правовые, экономические, управленческие и социальные вопросы, жизненно важные аспекты реальной защиты и развития интеллектуалной собственности в Грузии. Желаю дальнейших творческих успехов и достижений!

Чиладзе Георгий Бидзинович

Dear colleague, thank you very much for your interest in scientific work, evaluation and wishes. I agree with you that legal, economic, managerial and social issues are intertwined in the work, which are vitally important for the real protection and development of intellectual property in Georgia. Sincerely, prof. G.B.Chiladze

Чиладзе Георгий Бидзинович

Уважаемая коллега, большое спасибо за заинтересованность научным трудом, оценку и пожелания. Согласен с Вами, что в работе переплетаются правовые, экономические, управленческие и социальные вопросы, которые жизненно важны для реальной защиты и развития интеллектуалной собственности в Грузии. С уважением, проф. Г.Б.Чиладзе

Тойво Таннинг

Dear professor George Chiladze! The work is actual and intense. The relevance of protection of intellectual property and copyright is undeniable not only in Georgia, but also in other countries. With a wish of creative successes and for best salutatory, Toivo Tanning

Чиладзе Георгий Бидзинович

Dear Dr. Toivo Tanning, Thank you very much for your scientific interest, appreciation and best wishes. I am always glad to cooperate with you. Sincerely, Prof. G.B.Chiladze

Иван Коноплицкий

Статья интересна и актуальна. Удачи автору!

Чиладзе Георгий Бидзинович

Большое спасибо за заинтересованность научным трудом, оценку и пожелания. С уважением, проф. Г.Б.Чиладзе

Коваль Любовь Николаевна

Актуальность защиты интеллектуальной собственности в целом и авторских прав в частности является неоспоримой не только в Грузии, но и в Европе. Вопросы гарантии защиты интеллектуальной собственности в правовых актах, предусматривающих механизмы обеспечения охраны данных прав, стоят на повестке дня правительств многих стран, учитывая стремительное развитие технологий, так как от эффективности защиты интеллектуальной собственности на прямую зависят инвестиции в инновационные технологии. Данное исследование имеет хорошую теоретическую и практическую обоснованность.

Чиладзе Георгий Бидзинович

Уважаемая Любовь Николаевна, большое спасибо за заинтересованность научным трудом, оценку и пожелания. Всегда открыт для сотрудничества. С уважением, проф. Г.Б.Чиладзе

Гегешидзе Екатерина Бесиковна

Уважаемый Георгий Бидзинович! Данный труд, как и все Ваши работы, весьма актуальны и имеют огромное практическое значение. В течение последных лет только ведутся разговоры о создании соответствующего совета с целью поддержки ИС, а также борьбы с контрафакцией, но толком нигде не говорится, какие имеено функции он должен иметь и конкретно какие департаменты/службы из Министерств Грузии должны включиться в его повседневную деятельность. Вы в работе раскрыли суть и показали реальную структуру и содержание данного совета. Желаю дальнейших успехов!

Чиладзе Георгий Бидзинович

Уважаемая Ека, большое спасибо за заинтересованность научным трудом, оценку и пожелания. Думаю, что Национальный совет по защите интеллектуальной собственности эффективно будет способствовать решению многих проблемм, которые накопились в течение ряда лет в республике. С уважением, проф. Г.Б.Чиладзе

Гегешидзе Екатерина Бесиковна

Dear George Bidzinovich! This work, like all your work, is very relevant and of great practical importance. In recent years, there has been only talk of establishing an appropriate council to support IP, as well as fighting counterfeiting, but it does not really say what functions it should have and specifically which departments / services from the Ministries of Georgia should be involved in its day-to-day activities. You in the work revealed the essence and showed the actual structure and content of this council. I wish you continued success!

Чиладзе Георгий Бидзинович

Dear prof. Eka Gegeshidze, thank you very much for your interest in scientific work, evaluation and wishes. I think that the National Council for the Protection of Intellectual Property will effectively contribute to the solution of many problems that have accumulated over the years in the republic. Sincerely, prof. G.B.Chiladze

Пузиков Руслан Владимирович

пожалуй одна из лучших работ представленных на данном этапе первенства! Чувствуется глубина проработанности автором выбранной темы! всегда приятно читать и оценивать работы подобного высокого уровня!

Чиладзе Георгий Бидзинович

Уважаемый Руслан Владимирович, большое спасибо за заинтересованность научным трудом, высокую оценку и ценные пожелания. Всегда рад сотрудничать с Вами. С уважением, искренно, проф. Г.Б.Чиладзе

Зульфугарзаде Теймур Эльдарович

Актуальность проблемы, исследованной автором в настоящей работе, бесспорна. Работа выполнена на весьма высоком теоретическом уровне и вносит весомый вклад в развитие юридической науки в целом.

Чиладзе Георгий Бидзинович

Уважаемый Теймур Эльдарович, большое спасибо за заинтересованность научным трудом, оценку и пожелания. Всегда рад сотрудничать с Вами. С уважением, проф. Г.Б.Чиладзе
Комментарии: 21

Мельничук Виталий Викторович

Уважаемый профессор. Вашу работу читал с "карандашом". Ряд Ваших наработок рекомендовал своим коллегам, для возможного использования в работе государственного сектора. Учитывая, что именно интелектуальная собственность стала предметом первых международных договоров, а само понятие известно юристам 17-18 века, теоретическая и практическая обоснованность Вашего труда заслуживает высокой оценки. Об этом собственно говорят и все участники проекта. Достаточно мощное начало. Успехов в продолжении и внедрении в практику.

Чиладзе Георгий Бидзинович

Уважаемый Теймур Эльдарович, большое спасибо за заинтересованность научным трудом, оценку и пожелания. Всегда рад сотрудничать с Вами. С уважением, проф. Г.Б.Чиладзе

Гудадзе Мэги

Dear Professor G.Chiladze, a really well-researched topic, and the research is written on a highly professional level. Here, legal, economic, managerial and social issues are intertwined, vital aspects of real protection and development of intellectual property in Georgia. I wish further creative successes and achievements!

Чиладзе Георгий Бидзинович

Dear colleague, thank you very much for your interest in scientific work, evaluation and wishes. I agree with you that legal, economic, managerial and social issues are intertwined in the work, which are vitally important for the real protection and development of intellectual property in Georgia. Sincerely, prof. G.B.Chiladze

Гудадзе Мэги

Уважемый Георгий Бидзинович, действительно хорошо проработанная тема, а и исследование написано на высокопрофессиональном уровне. Здесь переплетаются правовые, экономические, управленческие и социальные вопросы, жизненно важные аспекты реальной защиты и развития интеллектуалной собственности в Грузии. Желаю дальнейших творческих успехов и достижений!

Чиладзе Георгий Бидзинович

Dear colleague, thank you very much for your interest in scientific work, evaluation and wishes. I agree with you that legal, economic, managerial and social issues are intertwined in the work, which are vitally important for the real protection and development of intellectual property in Georgia. Sincerely, prof. G.B.Chiladze

Чиладзе Георгий Бидзинович

Уважаемая коллега, большое спасибо за заинтересованность научным трудом, оценку и пожелания. Согласен с Вами, что в работе переплетаются правовые, экономические, управленческие и социальные вопросы, которые жизненно важны для реальной защиты и развития интеллектуалной собственности в Грузии. С уважением, проф. Г.Б.Чиладзе

Тойво Таннинг

Dear professor George Chiladze! The work is actual and intense. The relevance of protection of intellectual property and copyright is undeniable not only in Georgia, but also in other countries. With a wish of creative successes and for best salutatory, Toivo Tanning

Чиладзе Георгий Бидзинович

Dear Dr. Toivo Tanning, Thank you very much for your scientific interest, appreciation and best wishes. I am always glad to cooperate with you. Sincerely, Prof. G.B.Chiladze

Иван Коноплицкий

Статья интересна и актуальна. Удачи автору!

Чиладзе Георгий Бидзинович

Большое спасибо за заинтересованность научным трудом, оценку и пожелания. С уважением, проф. Г.Б.Чиладзе

Коваль Любовь Николаевна

Актуальность защиты интеллектуальной собственности в целом и авторских прав в частности является неоспоримой не только в Грузии, но и в Европе. Вопросы гарантии защиты интеллектуальной собственности в правовых актах, предусматривающих механизмы обеспечения охраны данных прав, стоят на повестке дня правительств многих стран, учитывая стремительное развитие технологий, так как от эффективности защиты интеллектуальной собственности на прямую зависят инвестиции в инновационные технологии. Данное исследование имеет хорошую теоретическую и практическую обоснованность.

Чиладзе Георгий Бидзинович

Уважаемая Любовь Николаевна, большое спасибо за заинтересованность научным трудом, оценку и пожелания. Всегда открыт для сотрудничества. С уважением, проф. Г.Б.Чиладзе

Гегешидзе Екатерина Бесиковна

Уважаемый Георгий Бидзинович! Данный труд, как и все Ваши работы, весьма актуальны и имеют огромное практическое значение. В течение последных лет только ведутся разговоры о создании соответствующего совета с целью поддержки ИС, а также борьбы с контрафакцией, но толком нигде не говорится, какие имеено функции он должен иметь и конкретно какие департаменты/службы из Министерств Грузии должны включиться в его повседневную деятельность. Вы в работе раскрыли суть и показали реальную структуру и содержание данного совета. Желаю дальнейших успехов!

Чиладзе Георгий Бидзинович

Уважаемая Ека, большое спасибо за заинтересованность научным трудом, оценку и пожелания. Думаю, что Национальный совет по защите интеллектуальной собственности эффективно будет способствовать решению многих проблемм, которые накопились в течение ряда лет в республике. С уважением, проф. Г.Б.Чиладзе

Гегешидзе Екатерина Бесиковна

Dear George Bidzinovich! This work, like all your work, is very relevant and of great practical importance. In recent years, there has been only talk of establishing an appropriate council to support IP, as well as fighting counterfeiting, but it does not really say what functions it should have and specifically which departments / services from the Ministries of Georgia should be involved in its day-to-day activities. You in the work revealed the essence and showed the actual structure and content of this council. I wish you continued success!

Чиладзе Георгий Бидзинович

Dear prof. Eka Gegeshidze, thank you very much for your interest in scientific work, evaluation and wishes. I think that the National Council for the Protection of Intellectual Property will effectively contribute to the solution of many problems that have accumulated over the years in the republic. Sincerely, prof. G.B.Chiladze

Пузиков Руслан Владимирович

пожалуй одна из лучших работ представленных на данном этапе первенства! Чувствуется глубина проработанности автором выбранной темы! всегда приятно читать и оценивать работы подобного высокого уровня!

Чиладзе Георгий Бидзинович

Уважаемый Руслан Владимирович, большое спасибо за заинтересованность научным трудом, высокую оценку и ценные пожелания. Всегда рад сотрудничать с Вами. С уважением, искренно, проф. Г.Б.Чиладзе

Зульфугарзаде Теймур Эльдарович

Актуальность проблемы, исследованной автором в настоящей работе, бесспорна. Работа выполнена на весьма высоком теоретическом уровне и вносит весомый вклад в развитие юридической науки в целом.

Чиладзе Георгий Бидзинович

Уважаемый Теймур Эльдарович, большое спасибо за заинтересованность научным трудом, оценку и пожелания. Всегда рад сотрудничать с Вами. С уважением, проф. Г.Б.Чиладзе
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