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MODELING THE HUMAN LIFE FRAME CONCEPT ON THE BASIS OF A FRIEDRICH NIETZSCHE’S PHILOSOPHICAL-APHORISM CORPUS

MODELING THE HUMAN LIFE FRAME CONCEPT ON THE BASIS OF A FRIEDRICH NIETZSCHE’S PHILOSOPHICAL-APHORISM CORPUSMODELING THE HUMAN LIFE FRAME CONCEPT ON THE BASIS OF A FRIEDRICH NIETZSCHE’S PHILOSOPHICAL-APHORISM CORPUS
Ирина Кобякова, кандидат филологических наук, профессор

Швачко Светлана, профессор, доктор филологических наук

Степанов Виталий, студент

Сумской государственный университет, Украина

Участник первенства: Национальное первенство по научной аналитике - "Украина";

Открытое Европейско-Азиатское первенство по научной аналитике;

The article deals with revealing mechanisms of modeling a frame structure of the HUMAN LIFE concept on the basis of acorpus of philosophical aphorisms by Friedrich Nietzsche, which is implemented be means of the formula «notion — proposition — slot». Illustrative frame-model schemes of the researched concept and respective tools of verbalizing their elements are represented as well.

Keywords: concept, frame, basic frames, aphorism, corpus.

Статья рассматривает механизмы моделирования фреймовой структуры концепта ЧЕЛОВЕЧЕСКАЯ ЖИЗНЬ на материале ресурсов корпуса афоризмовФридриха Ницше,авторами которых являются известные политики прошедшего и современного времени, что осуществляется по формуле «понятие — пропозиция — слот». Дополнительно приводятся иллюстративные схемы фреймовой модели исследуемого концепта, а также соответствующие средства вербализации его составных элементов.

Ключевые слова: концепт, фрейм, базовые фреймы, афоризм, корпус.

 

In the modern computer-technology era linguistics provides a great applied potential of its usage for researching certain phenomena of our world that are generalized and modeled in the form of special schemes called concepts. The given article reveals mechanisms of reproducing a cognitive frame model of the HUMAN LIFE concept on the basis of philosophical aphorisms by Friedrich Nietzsche collected in a single linguistic set — corpus. That defines the subject matter of our research — the HUMAN LIFE concept — while the specific research topic is constructing a frame model of the above-mentioned concept by engaging philosophical aphorisms as a tool of verbalizing its constituent slots. The research objective is providing a final visual frame model of the HUMAN LIFE concept with an accompanying list of aphorisms used for constructing and verbalizing its structure network. To achieve that objective we accord it necessary to complete the following tasks: 1) to reveal essence of research theoretical points: what is concept, frame, aphorism, corpus, etc.; 2) to represent an algorithm that can be used as a fundament for constructing the HUMAN LIFE frame concept; 3) to illustrate the constructed frame model with aphorisms that verbalize its structure. Among research methods we engage in our article a registering method (selecting and arranging units into a single linguistic corpus) as well as modeling and thesaurus methods (generating a frame model of the researched concept). Research practical relevance consists in using the stated frame-modeling mechanisms for producing similar models when researching other concepts on the basis of aphorism corpora.

Cognitive linguistics is a linguistic branch that considers ways of collecting, keeping and using verbalized knowledge. It is a science about language itself as well as about a reflected world picture.

In its broadest meaning, world picture is regarded as a knowledge set about reality that was generated by public, group or individual consciousness [1, p. 51]. World pictures are divided into objective-reality, cognitive and linguistic pictures.

An objective-reality world picture is an object of human’s cognizing the world, which further provides individual and collective consciousness with a cognitive world picture that becomes a certain result of perceiving and considering the environment. The most important cognitive-picture elements are reflected in a linguistic world picture that is interpreted as a total information set about inner and outer worlds fixed in a colloquial language [2, p. 108]. Linguistic world pictures verbalize results of human-consciousness considered reality facts creating certain units that are called concepts.

Concept is one of the main cognitive-linguistics notions. However, there is no single definition in describing concepts. Difficulties in interpreting concepts are conditioned by several circumstances. Firstly, concept is an interdisciplinary formation and is used in many sciences. Secondly, the concept phenomenon itself is a complex issue. Therefore, today concepts are researched in terms of psychological [3, p. 4], logical [4, p. 3], philosophical [5, p. 36], culturological [6, p. 43] and integrative [7, p. 9] approaches.

Nowadays the concept notion is also actively used in two branches — cultural and cognitive linguistics. Within each branch the notion is interpreted differently; therefore there is a great tendency to distinguish cognitive and cultural approaches to defining concepts [8, p. 58]. Such approach differentiation is traced in works by V.I. Karasik, G.G. Slyshkin, Y.D. Tilman, etc.

The cognitive approach (A.P. Babushkin, N.N. Boldyrev, O.S. Kubriakova, Z.D. Popova, I.A. Sternin) considers concepts in terms of knowledge and cognition defining it as a mental formation, a certain world-knowledge focus, a cognitive structure comprising multi-substrate consciousness units. The cultural approach (N.D. Arutyunova, A. Vezhbytskaya, S.V. Vorkachev, V.I. Karasik, M.V. Pimenova, G.G. Slyshkin, Y.S. Stepanov) regards concepts from language and culture perspectives as a consciousness element with focusing on its national-cultural originality and unique values for certain communities.

In our article we find it reasonable to accept the cognitive approach and define concepts as a discrete mental formation, a basic human-thinking unit with a relatively arranged inner structure that comprises results of individual or public cognitive activities containing complex encyclopedic information about certain items or phenomena, about interpreting this information by public consciousness and about public-consciousness attitude to the given item or phenomenon [1, p. 34]. From our point of view, such a concept-notion definition is the fullest and most meaningful one.

A difficult problem in the cognitive-research theory is also defining a concept typology. In the above-mentioned approaches researchers propose different principles of their classification, which allows distinguishing such concept types as thinking pictures, schemes, hyperonyms, frames, insights, scripts, kaleidoscope concepts, feeling images, ideas, notions, prototypes, propositions, gestalts, symbols, etc. [9, p. 43−67; 10, p. 8; 1, p. 117−119; 11, p. 5]. Each of these concept types has own features differentiating them among other concepts and conditioning their role for representing world pictures.

A great representing potential of researched-concept essences is provided by frames that are generally regarded as a single category uniting different human knowledge and experience; an arranged representation of a certain reality situation; a structure containing linguistic and extralinguistic information about a notion or stereotype situation [12, p. 224]. As a separate concept type frame actualizes issue of its research methodology. Thus, S.A. Zhabotynska accords it reasonable to engage the thesaurus method that is usually used for constructing thesaurus-dictionary conceptual models [13, p. 75–80]. In particular, in terms of modeling frame concepts she offers to apply propositions of five basic frames (thing frame, action frame, possession frame, identification frame and comparison frame) that are represented by corresponding schemes.

Any frame (by M. Minsky) is graphically reproduced as a network of nodes and node connections [14, p. 212]. Among frame nodes there are notions and slots. Notions are top nodes as main invariable frame elements. Notion levels are usually called frame core. Lower levels consist of nodes whose information is variable, namely it changes depending on a situation. Such nodes are called slots, or periphery. A basis for understanding a stereotype situation is provided by notions that are connected with slots by means of propositions. Concretizing and agreeing slots with notions allows understanding a certain situation.

In our article frame concept representation actualizes an issue how concepts can be modeled in a frame form on the basis of aphorisms. Aphorisms are regarded as brief laconic statements that have a deep generalized thought by a certain author [15, p. 324]. For researches they can be reasonably applied as an arranged set rather than as separate units. Such arranged sets are called corpora.

In terms of corpus linguistics corpora are interpreted as a set of texts that is stored in a computer-readable form, contains over thousand words and is arranged for maximal language representation [16, p. 48−49; 17, p. 197]. The given article bases on this definition of the corpus notion.

As a single text set, any corpus is characterized by certain features distinguishing it from other random text collections. These features include: representativeness, e-format, annotation (layout), data computer processing and over-1000-word volume [18, p. 26]. For our research the most important of them is representativeness, namely corpus ability to represent certain language properties that occur in each text of an arranged corpus. Such properties can be a common genre of all corpus texts, their common language style, etc. and they are used as a base for constructing corpora for certain practical purposes.

In our case corpus representativeness is realized by the HUMAN LIFE concept that will be a key criterion to construct our own corpus for modeling its frame structure. From this perspective, the given concept can be represented in a corpus of philosophical aphorisms each of which reveals certain features of human life giving us an opportunity to analyze and combine all these features in a single HUMAN LIFE concept. The concept will be produced in a frame-model form, which is implemented according to the following algorithm:

  • 1) Arranging a philosophical-aphorism corpus;
  • 2) Defining inner structure of each corpus aphorism (themes and rhemes) and its analyzing;
  • 3) Modeling a frame network of the HUMAN LIFE concept on the basis of theme-rheme relations where a frequently-occurring similar theme will be a tool for generating slots while a frequently-occurring similar rheme will be a tool of frame-network hierarchical division into notions and slots;
  • 4) Reproducing a graphical scheme of the modeled concept by basic frames and illustrating its slots by means of aphorisms from the arranged corpus.

The given frame-modeling algorithm is derived from a similar algorithm for modeling concepts on the basis of proverbs, which was researched by us previously [19, p. 72]. We find it reasonable to apply exactly this algorithm because proverbs and aphorisms are identical notions with the only difference in their authorship: while the former have unknown folklore origin, the latter are created by certain famous persons (writers, public figures, politicians, etc.) at certain time in history. That is why this algorithm is well-applicable for current frame-modeling reasons.

Before implementing the above-mentioned algorithm we arrange a philosophical-aphorism corpus. Our corpus is constructed on the basis of the virtual corpus (the Internet) where we find two websites dedicated purely to aphorisms by Friedrich Nietzsche — http://best-aphorisms.ru/fridrih-nitsshe/ [20] and http://www.aphorisme.ru/by-authors/nicshe/?q=843[21]. These websites contain many Nietzsche’s aphorisms which we read and select among them the most suitable ones for frame-modeling aims. All selected aphorisms are saved in the Microsoft Word text editing program and translated into English because the two above-mentioned websites are in Russian. Then we proceed to frame-modeling itself according to the algorithm.

Analyzing themes and rhemes of separate aphorisms gives an opportunity to establish what features are connected with human life (themes) and in what life spheres these features are shown (rhemes). Thus, frequently-occurring rhemes generate three branches, or subframes, of the HUMAN LIFE frame concept that are filled with slots representing certain human-life qualities defined on the basis of frequently-occurring themes. Finally, we get a HUMAN LIFE concept whose network is reproduced in a hierarchical order with propositions of thing and possession frames. Firstly, the HUMAN LIFE frame notion is divided into three constituent subframes — SINGLE LIFE, MARRIED LIFE and PUBLIC LIFE, — which is performed according to thing-frame propositions «SOMETHING (HUMAN LIFE) exists AS (SINGLE LIFE, MARRIED LIFE and PUBLIC LIFE)». Then these three human-life branches embodied in subframes are further divided into constituent lower frames reproducing subaspects of their analysis — NIETZSCHE’S ANALYZING HUMAN DEEDS AND CHARACTER and NIETZSCHE’S ADVICE HOW IT IS REASONABLE TO LIVE (the SINGLE LIFE frame) as well as LOVE RELATIONS and FAMILY LIFE (the MARRIED LIFE frame) — while the PUBLIC LIFE frame is not divided into subframes. All these elements are reproduced through possession-frame propositions «SOMETHING (SINGLE LIFE) has SOMETHING (NIETZSCHE’S ANALYZING HUMAN DEEDS AND CHARACTER)», etc., which finally results in revealing slots describing the essence of the obtained subframes that are also engaged by possession-frame propositions.

The modeled HUMAN LIFE frame concept is graphically reproduced in a scheme form (figure 1), which is accompanied by a list of Nietzsche’s corpus aphorisms [22] that verbalize the frame-concept slots (table 2).

Figure 1. Frame Model of the HUMAN LIFE Concept

Table 2.

Slots of the Corresponding Subframes of the Modeled HUMAN LIFE Concept

The SINGLE LIFE Possession Frame

The NIETZSCHE'S ANALYZING HUMAN DEEDS AND CHARACTER Possession Subframe

Slot

When you know you life purpose, you will find a way out of any emergency

Valuable experience is obtained from the life past rather than from books.

People learn to live by their past mistakes and endured emergencies

It is only older age that understands and analyzes life difficulties properly

Honor is what you achieved rather than your origin

Bad deeds are not forgotten reminding us constantly of them

People actually dislike stealing and committing crimes for surviving

People constantly want higher wealth, success and happiness

Only strong people succeed in surviving and wealth

People can never be content with their life till the end

Human envy is eternal

Money spoils people

All people are spoiled and nobody of them is sacred and sinless

Poverty teaches people how to survive

Death is the grand leveler

Happiness and delight help to forget temporarily about one’s problems

In human life delight and sorrow go in turn

People always aspire to eternal life suffering from it

People are highly valued for convincing, resolution and courage

A crowd’s common opinion is usually false

Heroism inflamed by self-conceit gradually destroys a person’s soul

There is no common idea what is actually evil or good — everything depends on a certain person

Any invincible human has a weak spot

A talented person is mad

The most difficult thing is to know oneself

People’s actions usually depend on the opinion of the surroundings to them

People’s committing actions often depends on their position in the social hierarchy

People aspire to glory

People like a passion for achieving an aim rather than an achieved aim itself.

People respect somebody’s reproach rather than praise

People never want to leave the beloved

Each human is unique

Deeds for the sake of love are unique

People become tyrants because of constant problems and sufferings

Philosophers got used to analyzing life of modern people only

Human habits are difficult to be changed

People dislike when their surroundings teach them how to live properly

People regard their views and decisions as the truest ones

Human is the worst enemy for himself

Clever and wise people can also err

People can perform many things for their true friends

People are often lonely because of ultimate disappointment in the surroundings, which makes them trust nobody

People die of loneliness and lack of love

Self-conceit cannot be eradicated from human soul

Table 2

Slot

Feeling sorry for the poor is disgrace but people give alms to increase their self-conceit

Generous and kind people are usually exploited by the others to obtain benefit and increase self-conceit

If a person exploits you, he is morally weak in life

It is a face rather than speech that reveals whether people lie or tell the truth

Some people’s trust and self-conceit increases by telling always truth on principle

Mocking is the worst human punishment, torture and humiliation

People hate worthy enemies and mock at weak persons

One dislikes telling truth because it is usually humiliating or shameful

Some people prefer defending while the others like attacking

Irresolute people want to be loved rather than to love

People always want to revenge their offence on offenders

People aspire to absolute freedom

The SINGLE LIFE Possession Frame

The NIETZSCHE'S ADVICE HOW IT IS REASONABLE TO LIVE Possession Subframe

Slot

Live for the day and do not regret

Act how you find reasonable rather than polite, moral or conventional

Be ready for unforeseen emergencies

Keep measure and do not get a swollen head when reaching success and glory

Achieve new aims constantly if there is any opportunity

Succeed in achieving your aim without any help

Do not help the weak — make them settle their problems themselves

Never lose your dignity in conflicts

Respect your enemies

Be capable of answering by proper words to make people interested in dealing with you

Be capable of proving your point of view by giving proper arguments

Act confidently and you will succeed

Use courage for defeating only proper people

Do not be silent when settling problems

Do not waste you efforts.

Sometimes forget temporarily about your problems and relax

Enjoy each moment of happiness

Treat people in a manner they deserve it

Do not wait for benefiting from your virtues

Be kind and generous only to a proper extent, otherwise you will be slighted

Think properly before marrying somebody

Do not try to teach somebody if it is impossible to change their behavior for better

If you want to revenge an offence on somebody, tell the truth openly about them

Search for people who will value your efforts

Do not show off your achievements and self-conceit

 

Table 2

The MARRIED LIFE Possession Frame

The LOVE RELATIONS Possession Subframe

Slot

People lose their mind in love

Women like self-confident and determined men

Men like women because of an interest and desire to win their heart

A beloved woman is the best

A loving woman is ready for any sacrifice

Women revenge because of love more brutally than men

Women can only love rather than to be a friend because they feel constrained

An ideal woman is found seldom

Women show openly their real attitudes and love to men only when jealousy or hatred are filled in them

Women are respected for their more natural temper as well as for abilities to hide their evil intentions under smiles

Women dress up for men who are chief for them

Love to a partner consists in passion for him rather than in compassion for him

There are conflicts in any love relations

If a person loves truly, he can live his all life even in unreciprocated relations to make somebody happy

Love is cruel if a man just wants to satisfy his own desires rather than to make his woman happy or glad

Women behave too arrogantly if nobody loves them

People often need partners only to have a sex rather than to have relations themselves

Chastity is underestimated today

Women often hate other women because of the former’s incapability of charming men

Women are much more sensual than men

Women feel men rather than understand them

Women have a strong sexual desire but are ashamed to reveal it

Human dignity consists in loving rather than in being loved

A hating man is full of anger while a hating woman is full of stupidity to commit mad deeds

Men like loving while women prefer being loved

Men like women with drawbacks

Only a skilled and ideal man can awaken femininity in a woman

The more men ignore women, the stronger love is.

Deeds for the sake of love are unique

Obligatory love mutuality reveals human vanity

Love merit is the greatest self-conceit

Demand for too much things makes love intolerable

 

The MARRIED LIFE Possession Frame

The FAMILY LIFE Possession Subframe

Slot

Think properly before marrying somebody

Before marrying somebody consider your wife’s temper and appearance in the next 20 years

Marriage makes spouses endure each other for the whole life

Marriage imposes new responsible duties and limits on people

Table 2

Slot

In course of time spouses dislike marriage itself and each other’s character

A good marriage is based on mutual understanding and ability to compromise

There are conflicts in any marriage

A husband should be a breadwinner while a wife should be his support

If you do not love a spouse and are fed up with that, it is better not to endure and leave him or her

A true love forgives a spouse for unfaithfulness

Bringing up a child parents inspire them with a huge love

Children should be better than their parents who have to provide them with all possibilities to achieve wealth

Sons are similar to their fathers by character

In the family a wife understands her children better than a husband and behaves more reasonably as well

Men like loving while women prefer being loved

 

The PUBLIC LIFE Possession Frame

Slot

Crowd cannot think reasonably and its common opinion is usually false

Crowd distorts personal human opinion by imposing its own one

Society cannot live without attempts to change their life

Religion and science are not connected with one another at all

Religion distorts reality

Power always subdues religion

Moral prevails over religion; they are different things

Weighed and slow decisions rule the state

Power achieves its aims by any possible means.

Nations will always find flaws in their states

Power usually lies to population

Nation always aspires to life improving in future

A public person is always surrounded with gossip

History is created by truly great people

Any power problems are settled and eradicated evolutionally

Both spiritual growth and decline clash in society

People should improve in course of society and power changes

Culture is full of chaos

Law is not eternal and perfect

 

Thus, the HUMAN LIFE frame concept modeled by means of the Friedrich Nietzsche’s philosophical-aphorism corpus is revealed through thing and possession subframes representing its essence in three corresponding spheres of human life. Further researches will be aimed at providing similar frame models of certain concepts on the basis of other philosophical aphorisms, for example those by Immanuel Kant.

 

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Татьяна Ковалевская

Представленная статья представляет несомненный интерес, поскольку находится на пересечении нескольких новейших направлений современной лингвистики, которые иллюстрируют приоритет антропоцентричной квалификации языковой природы в целом. Опираясь на идеи лингвокультурологии, когнитивной и корпусной лингвистики, авторы уточняют базовые понятия работы (концепт, фрейм, слот, корпус, кадр, рамка и др.), раскрывают механизмы моделирования фреймовой структуры фундаментального концепта Человеческая жизнь, предлагают структурную иерархию соответствующих слотов, что, в свою очередь, определяет высокий уровень актуальности статьи и её теоретическую ценность. Кроме того, философская интерпретация фактического материала, инновационный подход подчеркивает безусловную научную новизну представленного исследования как его стратегическую характеристику. Позитивно оценивая статью указанных авторов, позволим себе некоторые пожелания: во-первых, считаем, что не совсем корректно сформулирован предмет исследования (понятие человеческой жизни), поскольку в такой формулировке он практически не имеет отношения к собственно лингвистической проблематике; во-вторых, желательно дополнить перечень использованных в работе методов; в-третьих, также желательно комментировать выявленные слоты, т.к. критерии их идентификации и собственно структурирования остались не эксплицированы. Хотим отметить и то, что обращение к фактическому материалу афористики Ф. Ницше, безусловно, делает честь любому исследователю, но даже такой материал предполагает необходимость доказательства, обоснования его релевантности в рамках предложенной проблематики. Кроме того, поддерживая научную активность ученых Сумского университета, всё таки считаем не совсем корректным представлять на таком фундаментальном уровне, как GISAP, совместные работы уважаемых исследователей и юных студентов (хотя мы и не сомневаемся в их таланте).

Назаренко Елена Вячеславовна

Спасибо, уважаемые коллеги, за столь глубокое исследование и инновационный подход! Тема концептов остается перспективной и открытой для новый исследований! Желаю дальнейших открытий и перспектив! С уважением, Елена Назаренко.

Баласанян Марианна Альбертовна

Уважаемые коллеги, спасибо за столь интереснейшую, инновационную работу. Статью отличают новизна и доказательность ряда идей. Все содержание статьи логически взаимосвязано и подтверждено цитатами из авторитетных источников. Удачи вам в дальнейших исканиях. С уважением, Марианна Баласанян

Кобякова Ирина

Спасибо большое за Ваше внимание. C уважением, Ирина Кобякова.

Хамзе Димитрина

Уважаемые коллеги, Дорогая Ирина! Благодарю Вас от всей души за очень интересное исследование в перспективе когнитивной лингвистики и философии жизни на основе интеллектуального наследства Ф. Ницше. Это многообещающее и многоэтапное изыскание, которое без сомнения приведет к замечательным научным результатам. С глубоким уважением и теплыми приветами! Ваша Димитрина

Кобякова Ирина

Спасибо большое за Ваше внимание. C уважением, Ирина Кобякова.

Косых Елена Анатольевна

Уважаемые коллеги! Вами проделана огромная и важная работа. Доклад отличается логичностью, доказательностью, убедительными выводами и перспективой. Успехов, дорогие коллеги!

Кобякова Ирина

Спасибо большое за Ваше внимание. C уважением, Ирина Кобякова.

Пыхтина Юлиана Григорьевна

Статья актуальна и полностью вписывается в тематические рамки конференции. Выбрав в качестве материала для когнитивного анализа концепта "человеческая жизнь" афоризмы Ф. Ницше, авторы выстраивают модель фреймовой структуры названного концепта, иллюстрируя свои размышления перечнем выявленных в ходе исследования подфреймов. На мой взгляд, чтобы придать исследованию логическую завершенность, нужно дать небольшой комментарий к предложенному перечню слотов и сделать более развернутые выводы. Желаю дальнейших научных открытий, с уважением Юлиана Пыхтина.

Кобякова Ирина

Спасибо большое за Ваш отзыв и интерес к нашей работе! Отдельное спасибо за Ваши предложения! С уважением Ирина Кобякова

Кобякова Ирина

Спасибо большое за Ваш отзыв и интерес к моей работе!

Шатилова Елена Сергеевна

Article is innovative. This research has a strong methodological basis. The author presents the material clearly, briefly, but exhaustively. The examples in the article are interesting. They complement the theoretical material.

Кобякова Ирина

Спасибо большое за Ваше внимание. C уважением, Ирина Кобякова.
Комментарии: 13

Татьяна Ковалевская

Представленная статья представляет несомненный интерес, поскольку находится на пересечении нескольких новейших направлений современной лингвистики, которые иллюстрируют приоритет антропоцентричной квалификации языковой природы в целом. Опираясь на идеи лингвокультурологии, когнитивной и корпусной лингвистики, авторы уточняют базовые понятия работы (концепт, фрейм, слот, корпус, кадр, рамка и др.), раскрывают механизмы моделирования фреймовой структуры фундаментального концепта Человеческая жизнь, предлагают структурную иерархию соответствующих слотов, что, в свою очередь, определяет высокий уровень актуальности статьи и её теоретическую ценность. Кроме того, философская интерпретация фактического материала, инновационный подход подчеркивает безусловную научную новизну представленного исследования как его стратегическую характеристику. Позитивно оценивая статью указанных авторов, позволим себе некоторые пожелания: во-первых, считаем, что не совсем корректно сформулирован предмет исследования (понятие человеческой жизни), поскольку в такой формулировке он практически не имеет отношения к собственно лингвистической проблематике; во-вторых, желательно дополнить перечень использованных в работе методов; в-третьих, также желательно комментировать выявленные слоты, т.к. критерии их идентификации и собственно структурирования остались не эксплицированы. Хотим отметить и то, что обращение к фактическому материалу афористики Ф. Ницше, безусловно, делает честь любому исследователю, но даже такой материал предполагает необходимость доказательства, обоснования его релевантности в рамках предложенной проблематики. Кроме того, поддерживая научную активность ученых Сумского университета, всё таки считаем не совсем корректным представлять на таком фундаментальном уровне, как GISAP, совместные работы уважаемых исследователей и юных студентов (хотя мы и не сомневаемся в их таланте).

Назаренко Елена Вячеславовна

Спасибо, уважаемые коллеги, за столь глубокое исследование и инновационный подход! Тема концептов остается перспективной и открытой для новый исследований! Желаю дальнейших открытий и перспектив! С уважением, Елена Назаренко.

Баласанян Марианна Альбертовна

Уважаемые коллеги, спасибо за столь интереснейшую, инновационную работу. Статью отличают новизна и доказательность ряда идей. Все содержание статьи логически взаимосвязано и подтверждено цитатами из авторитетных источников. Удачи вам в дальнейших исканиях. С уважением, Марианна Баласанян

Кобякова Ирина

Спасибо большое за Ваше внимание. C уважением, Ирина Кобякова.

Хамзе Димитрина

Уважаемые коллеги, Дорогая Ирина! Благодарю Вас от всей души за очень интересное исследование в перспективе когнитивной лингвистики и философии жизни на основе интеллектуального наследства Ф. Ницше. Это многообещающее и многоэтапное изыскание, которое без сомнения приведет к замечательным научным результатам. С глубоким уважением и теплыми приветами! Ваша Димитрина

Кобякова Ирина

Спасибо большое за Ваше внимание. C уважением, Ирина Кобякова.

Косых Елена Анатольевна

Уважаемые коллеги! Вами проделана огромная и важная работа. Доклад отличается логичностью, доказательностью, убедительными выводами и перспективой. Успехов, дорогие коллеги!

Кобякова Ирина

Спасибо большое за Ваше внимание. C уважением, Ирина Кобякова.

Пыхтина Юлиана Григорьевна

Статья актуальна и полностью вписывается в тематические рамки конференции. Выбрав в качестве материала для когнитивного анализа концепта "человеческая жизнь" афоризмы Ф. Ницше, авторы выстраивают модель фреймовой структуры названного концепта, иллюстрируя свои размышления перечнем выявленных в ходе исследования подфреймов. На мой взгляд, чтобы придать исследованию логическую завершенность, нужно дать небольшой комментарий к предложенному перечню слотов и сделать более развернутые выводы. Желаю дальнейших научных открытий, с уважением Юлиана Пыхтина.

Кобякова Ирина

Спасибо большое за Ваш отзыв и интерес к нашей работе! Отдельное спасибо за Ваши предложения! С уважением Ирина Кобякова

Кобякова Ирина

Спасибо большое за Ваш отзыв и интерес к моей работе!

Шатилова Елена Сергеевна

Article is innovative. This research has a strong methodological basis. The author presents the material clearly, briefly, but exhaustively. The examples in the article are interesting. They complement the theoretical material.

Кобякова Ирина

Спасибо большое за Ваше внимание. C уважением, Ирина Кобякова.
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