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SOME ASPECTS OF PUBLIC POLICY, STRATEGY AND MANAGEMENT IN THE FIELD OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY IN GEORGIA

SOME ASPECTS OF PUBLIC POLICY, STRATEGY AND MANAGEMENT IN THE FIELD OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY IN GEORGIA
Георгий Чиладзе, доктор юридических наук, доктор экономических наук, профессор

Грузинский Университет, Грузия

Участник первенства: Национальное первенство по научной аналитике - "Грузия";

Открытое Европейско-Азиатское первенство по научной аналитике;

In Georgia, in the sphere of intellectual property, it is necessary to develop state strategy and state policy and implement state program for its protection and the structural elements of the system.

It is necessary to conduct an effective public administration in the field of intellectual property; develop intellectual property management system; increase public access to information; to deepen the dialogue between state and business.

In the article are given the author's vision and proposed solutions to those issues.

Keywords: intellectual property, state strategy in IP, state policy in IP, management of IP system, effective government.

 

One of the priorities of the European Neighbourhood Policy Action Plan is "intellectual and industrial property rights" (Section 4.5.5), which provides for implementation of appropriate measures. Formation of the intellectual property rights protection system in Georgia was even considered as one of the key preconditions for starting of negotiations on Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement (DCFTA) by the European Union. With respect to intellectual property, Georgian legislation has already been generally harmonized with the EU legislation. However, it should be noted that major problems exist in terms of the execution of the legislation, among it in terms of struggle against counterfeiting and piracy [1].

Georgia needs to adopt a state strategy in the field of intellectual property, which should:

  • 1) represent the continuation of the work on development of the national intellectual property system;
  • 2) be implemented in accordance with the state program on protection of intellectual property and on the basis of other program documents as well as decrees of the Prime Minister and the Government;

The strategy should be aimed at ensuring the realization of the principal priorities of socio- economic policy and it should determine the state policy and its matching tasks in the field of intellectual property, during in the years 2016-2020 [2].

The main goals of the state policy in the field of intellectual property should be:

  • 1) in the short term period- completion of formation of institutional basis for functioning of the national intellectual property system, which will address the current and perspective demands of the country’s economy and society;
  • 2) in the long run – complex integration of the national intellectual property system into the country’s socio-economic policy and on the basis of this, increase of competitiveness of Georgia’s economy.

Taking into consideration the set goals, the realization of state policy in the field of intellectual property should be made in the following main areas:

  • A) development of legislation in the field of intellectual property;
  • B) development of infrastructure in the field of intellectual property;
  • C) development of functional directions in the field of intellectual property (protection, evaluation software, etc.);
  • D) improvement of work in the sphere of intellectual property management at an institutional/industry branch level, in the scientific and educational institutions, in organizations of the creative, commercial and industrial fields;
  • E) development of a national branding based on competitive sectors of economy and application of intellectual property management mechanisms;
  • F) development of financial, moral and other sets of instruments of stimulation that are aimed at creation of intellectual property assets and expansion of practice of their application;
  • G) increase of the level of importance of intellectual property, of creative workers (innovators), as well of those economical actors/businesses who are using intellectual property for the purpose of creating new jobs and production of competitive products. The expected outcome of the strategy realization could become the increase of competitiveness of Georgian producers and the economy as a whole, which will be based on the effective management of intellectual property [3-6].

Effective public administration in the field of intellectual property. Implementation of effective strategy in the field of intellectual property require coordinated work of state agencies and cooperation with stakeholders.

Within the public sector there should be gradually strengthened institutional capacities for management of public policy in the field of intellectual property, which provide for:

  • *elaboration of policies,
  • *strategic planning,
  • *development of mechanisms of assessment and monitoring.

Effective public administration in the field of intellectual property. Implementation of effective strategy in the field of intellectual property requires coordinated work of state agencies and their cooperation with stakeholders.

Within the public sector there should be gradually strengthened institutional capacities for the management of public policy in the field of intellectual property, which provide for:

  • - elaboration of policies,
  • - strategic planning,
  • - development of mechanisms of assessment and monitoring

In order to achieve these goals in the field of intellectual property it is necessary to:

1) refine institutional mechanisms for public policy management  and strengthen their ties with the state budget. There should be actively instruments linked to the state budget, such as:

  • *policy analysis,
  • *strategic planning and
  • *policy assessment;

2) transparency of state policy, through engagement of stakeholders into the public policy development and implementation process;

3) support to the growth of governmental institutional capacities at local levels, through:

  • 3.1. more efficient delivery of public services,
  • 3.2. strategic planning,
  • 3.3. implementing operational plans,
  • 3.4. attracting the investment,
  • 3.5. introduction of innovations [7, 8].

The structure of the intellectual property systemshould be represented with the following elements:

1) organizational structure, through which, the function of state management and regulation of intellectual property objects is realized at the autonomous republics’ and regional levels, as well at the industries’ and organizations’ levels – the all-republican, regional, industry branch offices  and the intellectual property departments of individual organizations;

2) special institutions who are providing particular functions within the sphere of intellectual property:

  • 2.1.Board of civil cases of Supreme Court of Georgia
  • 2.2.Parliamentary Library of Georgia,
  • 2.3. Scientific-Technical Libraries,
  • 2.4. Union of innovators and inventors of Georgia,
  • 2.5. Patent attorneys,
  • 2.6. Intellectual property assessors.

3) National Center of Intellectual Property   represents the key element of the intellectual property system. In this respect, in order to accomplish main tasks in the field of intellectual property, it is necessary to create on the basis of the above center an integrated complex on protection and management of intellectual property, comprising the following functional directions:

  • 3.1. protection of intellectual property;
  • 3.2.assessment and accounting of intellectual property;
  • 3.3. management of rights (licensing, etc.);
  • 3.4. monitoring on usage of intellectual property observation of legislation;
  • 3.5. formation of the State Patent Foundation and its procedure;
  • 3.6.patenting-information provision services;
  • 3.7. organization of additional education of adults in the field of intellectual property.

Nowadays, the common state problem is low level of own capacities and experience in terms of innovative elaborations. For solution of these issues it is needed to create under the country’s leading scientific and educational institutions the relevant organizational structures on protection and use of intellectual property. [9].

Improvement of services in the field of intellectual property and increase of transparency in public administration. Effective and efficient use of results of intellectual property results and successful functioning of business is determined by increase of accessibility of services provided by the state and the good functioning of the business to increase the availability and reduce the costs and also by decrease of time expenditures on administrative procedures. For this purpose it is necessary to improve the services provided by state institutions in the field of intellectual property, including the development of electronic services and expansion of e-government system. In this regard, it is necessary to take effective measures, as Georgia, according to its current rating within the UN e-governance (e-governance) index, occupies only 72 th place.

In order to ensure transparence with regard to intellectual property objects, it is required to:

  • 1) increase access to public information,
  • 2) deepen the dialogue between business and the state, which should ensure business involvement in the economic policy-making process. For this purpose, best practical examples of cooperation between the State and businesses in the field of intellectual property should be shared.

Development of the intellectual property management system.Positive dynamics on patented inventions and utility models in the country does not allow to assert that in Georgia, the situation is satisfactory with regard to protection of owners of the subjects of industrial property during their use of their intellectual property abroad, both during the formation of the corporate enterprises and within the goods’ turnover networks. Along with other problems, there is a problem related to efficiency of the patenting.

Thus, for example, from total number of patents issued, less than 40% of the subjects maintain and execute them. This is related to:

  • 1) “awareness “ of the real sector towards innovations,
  • 2) lack of developed infrastructure,
  • 3) readiness of concrete inventions to be applied industrially,
  • 4) problems in compliances of the patented elaborations with the current requirements of the production.

Development of world economics is carried out at the expense of using technological structures of the 5th and 6th levels. Meanwhile, more than 85% of technical solutions patented by domestic subjects belong to the 4th and lower levels of technological structures.

Thus, the organizational and financial resources should be concentrated on supporting the scientific-research activities, which are focused on inventions having a high degree of inventiveness.

Unfortunately, in Georgia, patented elaborations (invention, utility model, industrial design, plants and animals of new varieties/breeds, integrated circuits’ topology) made by citizens of Georgia, not even at 10% represent the results of realization of state scientific and technical programs, which really do not reflect the state's contribution to the country's scientific and technical development. It is important to see that in the nearest coming years this indicator increases up to 30%.

The government should significantly increase investments in the scientific and technological development, while at the individual organizations’ level, it is needed to form a system of monitoring results of intellectual activity that is conducted through using the budget funds. In this regard, the measures should be taken in following areas:

  • 1) accounting,
  • 2) depreciation policy,
  • 3) tax system,
  • 4) improving the statistical reporting in the intellectual property field.

Simultaneously, along with formation of the expenditures’ part of the budget, we should consider a profitable part of a budget which is connected to creation and use of the intellectual property objects at the central and sectoral levels. [10, 11].

Analysis of technical solutions patented by domestic subjects shows that they still do not provide an appropriate basis for competitive technological development. In this regard it is necessary to conduct relevant patenting surveys on:

1) scientific, technical and other types of programs,

2) at the formation and implementation stages of particular and innovative scientific projects,

3) during conducting of commercial and industrial activities:

  • 3.1. when elaborating forecasts on the development of industries and organizations,
  • 3.2. and including the development/introduction and realization of goods and services on potential distribution markets [12].

It is needed to ensure the combination of three directions, which should be carried out by domestic subjects:

  • 1) attraction of financial resources for development, creation and protection of own elaborations;
  • 2) based on license agreements, acquiring of rights on the intellectual property objects owned by foreign entities, for the purpose of their use;
  • 3) use of information search possibilities in order to identify those competitive technical solutions which are not yet protected by protective documents and therefore can be used for free.

In this regard, the particular task is the development of the technology transfer potential of the organizational structures which should implement search and attraction of the appropriate technologies (among them foreign) into domestic production.

 

References:

  • 1. European Neighbourhood Policy Action Plan for 2011 in Georgia., Civil Society Representatives Rate.,EPF. - Tbilisi, 2012, pp. 43-44
  • 2.Public Administration Reform Action Roadmap for 2015-2016., Access mode:http://gov.ge/files/423_49304_599834_ActionPlanV15.pdf.
  • 3.George Chiladze. Some Aspects of Protecting and Developing Intellectual Property Rights in Georgia.,3rd International Scientific Conference “Modern Private Law”. -Tbilisi, May 30-31, 2014
  • 4. George Chiladze. The Role and Importance of Intellectual Capital for the Purposes of Business Organization., BATUMI INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON LAW AND POLITICS., 23-24 August 2014. – Batumi, Georgia, pp. 123-131 
  • 5.George Chiladze.  New Realities and Legal Analysis of the Changes in Patent Laws of Georgia., BATUMI INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON LAW AND POLITICS., 23-24 August 2014 – Batumi, Georgia, pp. 132-140
  • 6. Public Administration Reform Roadmap 2020.,Access mode:http://gov.ge/files/423_49305_793377_PARRoadmap_ENG(1).pdf.
  • 7.George Chiladze. Some Aspects of Protecting and Developing Intellectual Property Rights in Georgia.,3rd International Scientific Conference “Modern Private Law”. -Tbilisi, 2014.,Access mode:http://gtu.edu.ge/sciensStu/allConference.php?nid=4061&
  • 8.George Chiladze. Importance of Intellectual Capital for the Purposes of Business Organization., BATUMI INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON LAW AND POLITICS., 2014. - Batumi. 
  • 9. George Chiladze. “Some aspects of registering of intellectual property and its using with commercial purposes” International scientific journal “Economics”. – Tbilisi., 2007. No. 7–9, pp.31–37.
  • 10. Georgia begins the full-scale implementation of public administration reform. Access mode:http://gov.ge/index.php?lang_id=GEO&sec_id=423&info_id=49378
  • 11. GeorgeChiladze. “Some international aspects of regulating intellectual property”., International scientific journal “Economics”. - Tbilisi., 2007., No. 7–9, pp. 109-115.
  • 12. George Chiladze. “The Results of Intellectual Activities and Intangible Assets.,Collection of abstracts "Science and Life". -Tbilisi, 2010, No. 1, pp. 22-25.
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Ваша оценка: Нет Средняя: 7.5 (8 голосов)
Комментарии: 16

Коноплицкая Оксана

Интересная аргументированная работа, проделанная на высоком уровне!

Чиладзе Георгий Бидзинович

Шановна колега, велике спасибі за високу оцінку моєї наукової роботи та цінні рекомендації. Завжди радий до співпраці. З повагою, щиро, проф. Г.Б.Чіладзе

Зульфугарзаде Теймур Эльдарович

В представленной работе приводятся аргументированные предложения автора о необходимости выработки новационной государственной политики в сфере охраны прав интеллектуальной собственности, направленной на продолжение развития диалога государства и бизнеса в рассматриваемой сфере правоотношений. Работа выполнена на весьма высоком теоретическом уровне и заслуживает высокой оценки.

Чиладзе Георгий Бидзинович

Уважаемый Теймур Эльдарович, большое спасибо за высокую оценку моей научной работы, ценные и аргументированные рекомендации. Всегда рад сотрудничать с Вами. С уважением, искренно, проф. Г.Б.Чиладзе.

Гегешидзе Екатерина Бесиковна

Следует особо отметить, что реформа государственной службы в Грузии практически обошла такой важный вопрос, как управление интеллектуальной собственностью. Проблемным является оценка и аудит вышеуказанного объекта. Автор статьи заостряет внимание на вопросы государственной политики и стратегии, на те упущения и недооценки, которые имеют место в данной сфере, предлагает пути их решения. Желаю дальнейших успехов уважаемому профессору!

Чиладзе Георгий Бидзинович

Уважаемая коллега, проф. Е. Гегешидзе, Вы совершенно правы, когда заостряете внимание о досадных пробелах и промахах реформы госслужбы в отношении политики интеллектуальной собственности. Вышеуказанные темы я неоднократно поднимал в публикациях. В начале августа 2016 года в Батуми проводится международная конференция "Грузия против контрафакта" в рамках проекта: «Развитие малых и средних предприятий и углубленные и всеобъемлющие зоны свободной торговли в Грузии". Рекомендую посетить данное мероприятие. С уважением, проф. Г. Б. Чиладзе.

Чиладзе Георгий Бидзинович

Уважаемая коллега, большое спасибо за высокую оценку моей научной работы и ценные рекомендации. С уважением, искренно, проф. Г.Б.Чиладзе

Татьяна Долина

Работа выполнена на высоком уровне, заслуживает высокой оценки. Успехов.

Королев Евгений Сергеевич

Великолепная работа, которая может вполне получить доктринальное продолжение!

Чиладзе Георгий Бидзинович

Уважаемый коллега, большое спасибо за высокую оценку моей научной работы. Желаю дальнейших успехов. Проф. Г.Б.Чиладзе

Гудадзе Мэги

Very deep and expert research, shows the role and importance of intellectual property in the context of PUBLIC POLICY, STRATEGY AND MANAGEMENT IN GEORGIA. I wish you further creative victories and successes!!!

Чиладзе Георгий Бидзинович

Dear colleagues, thank you very much for the appreciation of my scientific work and valuable comments. Yours faithfully, prof. G.Chiladze

Гегешидзе Екатерина Бесиковна

Professor G.B. Chiladze in this article presented results of new approaches that reveal the modern legal essence of effective state management of intellectual property. Dear George Bidzinovich, I wish continued success!

Чиладзе Георгий Бидзинович

Dear colleagues, thank you very much for the appreciation of my scientific work and valuable comments. Yours faithfully, prof. G.Chiladze

Пузиков Руслан Владимирович

Интересная статья.

Чиладзе Георгий Бидзинович

Уважаемый Руслан Владимирович, спасибо за ценный комментарий. Всегда рад к сотрудничеству. С уважением, Георгий Чиладзе.
Комментарии: 16

Коноплицкая Оксана

Интересная аргументированная работа, проделанная на высоком уровне!

Чиладзе Георгий Бидзинович

Шановна колега, велике спасибі за високу оцінку моєї наукової роботи та цінні рекомендації. Завжди радий до співпраці. З повагою, щиро, проф. Г.Б.Чіладзе

Зульфугарзаде Теймур Эльдарович

В представленной работе приводятся аргументированные предложения автора о необходимости выработки новационной государственной политики в сфере охраны прав интеллектуальной собственности, направленной на продолжение развития диалога государства и бизнеса в рассматриваемой сфере правоотношений. Работа выполнена на весьма высоком теоретическом уровне и заслуживает высокой оценки.

Чиладзе Георгий Бидзинович

Уважаемый Теймур Эльдарович, большое спасибо за высокую оценку моей научной работы, ценные и аргументированные рекомендации. Всегда рад сотрудничать с Вами. С уважением, искренно, проф. Г.Б.Чиладзе.

Гегешидзе Екатерина Бесиковна

Следует особо отметить, что реформа государственной службы в Грузии практически обошла такой важный вопрос, как управление интеллектуальной собственностью. Проблемным является оценка и аудит вышеуказанного объекта. Автор статьи заостряет внимание на вопросы государственной политики и стратегии, на те упущения и недооценки, которые имеют место в данной сфере, предлагает пути их решения. Желаю дальнейших успехов уважаемому профессору!

Чиладзе Георгий Бидзинович

Уважаемая коллега, проф. Е. Гегешидзе, Вы совершенно правы, когда заостряете внимание о досадных пробелах и промахах реформы госслужбы в отношении политики интеллектуальной собственности. Вышеуказанные темы я неоднократно поднимал в публикациях. В начале августа 2016 года в Батуми проводится международная конференция "Грузия против контрафакта" в рамках проекта: «Развитие малых и средних предприятий и углубленные и всеобъемлющие зоны свободной торговли в Грузии". Рекомендую посетить данное мероприятие. С уважением, проф. Г. Б. Чиладзе.

Чиладзе Георгий Бидзинович

Уважаемая коллега, большое спасибо за высокую оценку моей научной работы и ценные рекомендации. С уважением, искренно, проф. Г.Б.Чиладзе

Татьяна Долина

Работа выполнена на высоком уровне, заслуживает высокой оценки. Успехов.

Королев Евгений Сергеевич

Великолепная работа, которая может вполне получить доктринальное продолжение!

Чиладзе Георгий Бидзинович

Уважаемый коллега, большое спасибо за высокую оценку моей научной работы. Желаю дальнейших успехов. Проф. Г.Б.Чиладзе

Гудадзе Мэги

Very deep and expert research, shows the role and importance of intellectual property in the context of PUBLIC POLICY, STRATEGY AND MANAGEMENT IN GEORGIA. I wish you further creative victories and successes!!!

Чиладзе Георгий Бидзинович

Dear colleagues, thank you very much for the appreciation of my scientific work and valuable comments. Yours faithfully, prof. G.Chiladze

Гегешидзе Екатерина Бесиковна

Professor G.B. Chiladze in this article presented results of new approaches that reveal the modern legal essence of effective state management of intellectual property. Dear George Bidzinovich, I wish continued success!

Чиладзе Георгий Бидзинович

Dear colleagues, thank you very much for the appreciation of my scientific work and valuable comments. Yours faithfully, prof. G.Chiladze

Пузиков Руслан Владимирович

Интересная статья.

Чиладзе Георгий Бидзинович

Уважаемый Руслан Владимирович, спасибо за ценный комментарий. Всегда рад к сотрудничеству. С уважением, Георгий Чиладзе.
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