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UPDATING OF THE VETERINARY STUDIES IN ARMENIA TOWARDS EUROPEAN STANDARDS

Автор Доклада: 
Y. Marmaryan, V. Mkrtchyan
Награда: 
 UPDATING OF THE VETERINARY STUDIES IN ARMENIA TOWARDS EUROPEAN STANDARDS

 UDC 378.663(479.25)

 UPDATING OF THE VETERINARY STUDIES IN ARMENIA TOWARDS EUROPEAN STANDARDS

 Marmaryan Yuri Gigol, d.b.s., profю, vice rector on educational affairs
 Mkrtchyan Vahe Karapet, Ph.D. in veterinary sciences, assoc. prof.
 Armenian State Agrarian University

 


The given article discussed our experience of updating of veterinary studies in Republic of Armenia towards European standards of Directive EC2005/36 and Bologna ECTS
Keywords: Education, veterinary, curriculum, reforms, ECTS.

В статье рассматривается наш опыт о реформе ветеринарного образования Респубики Армения по стандартам европейской декларации о ветеринарном образовании EC2005/36 и Болонской системы накопления и трансфера кредитов.
Ключевые слова:Образование, ветеринария, учебный план, реформы, европейская система кредитного образования.


The veterinary education in Armenia in the last fifteen years has been seriously impaired because of the transition period, the war and the economic problems.
There was an almost absolute lack of teaching resources and those few available are obsolete. As a result, practical teaching is incomplete.
b) The need for updating the curriculum was urgent, particularly with regards to:
- Areas included in the Directive EC2005/36 regulating the veterinary curriculum were not covered (Veterinary Ethics, Agronomy, Clinical Lectures, Preventive and State Medecine)
- The total in-classroom hourly load of the veterinary curriculum was 7,200 h with very little hands-on work.
- No credit system was implemented.
c) The formation of the department teaching staff in terms of teaching skills, computer skills or foreign language usage was clearly insufficient.
d) There was an almost absolute lack of access to information technologies: there was no access to Internet in the Department, there were no computers and no audiovisual technology existed . Also, the library lacked modern textbooks.
e) As a result of a), b), c) and d), the training of students was clearly insufficient.
f) The scientific and academic background of the faculty was based mostly on scientific knowledge of 15-20 years ago and there was almost no exhcnage of almost no one in the staff had been in a different university outside the country or the former USSR.
g) There was no provision for continuous education of veterinarians working for the state or private sectors in the public health area. Actually, the improvement of conditions for providing veterinary education in Armenia will ehance the development of continuous education. This in its turn will renforce the competence and knowledge of practicioner-veterinarians in the area of public health and will enahnce the prevention of health risks associated with animals and food in the European sense "from farm to fork".
In the context of the above mentioned, these needs could be addressed by short-term actions aimed at 1) designing a new curriculum and re-designing all courses, 2) providing basic equipment for practical teaching, 3) providing means for developing teaching and scientific skills of the faculty, 4) providing knowledge of and access to the information technologies, 5) promoting exchanges and collaboration between the VFE and similar institutions abroad and 6) promoting the development of a continuous education program in food safety, zoonoses and animal health.
At first the consortium of three public Veterinary Faculties belonging to public EU Universities was formed in the frame of TEMPUS project: Veterinary Department of Barcelona (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, ES), Faculdade de Veterinária de Lisboa (Universidade Técnica de Lisboa, PT) and École Nationale Vétérinaire de Toulouse (FR) and the Veterinary Department of Yerevan (Armenian State Agricultural University, AM) as the institution in the partner country. ES was selected the leader institution of the consortium. All three EU members of the Consortium have previous experience in the mangement of Tempus projects. All three EU Institutions were committed to the international cooperation in higher education and had the support of the corresponding academic authorities.
The general objective of the project was:
. To provide the basis for ensuring that the education of veterinary students in Armenia is focused on the country needs and is targeted on the European Standards.
Specific objectives were:
• To update the veterinary curriculum at the Armenian State Agrarian University for adapting this degree to the European Standards
• To provide the means, technologies and resources for improving teaching quality at the Veterinary Department of Yerevan.
• To develop a continuous education program on public health and food safety
Outputs and outcomes
The project implementation of the process was organized in a phases during 2007-2009.
1. The new curriculum accomplishing directive EC2005/36 and according to the Bologna declaration was designed and implemented, was approved by the Scientific Council of Armenian State Agrarian University, presented to the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Armenia and was accredited. Moreover, the new curriculum is already in use for 2011-2012 academic year.
According to the new curruculum:
• Duration of the “Veterinary Medicine “ specialization is 5 years (10 semestrs).
• The new degree is total of 300 ECTS by 30 ECTS per semestr.
• With the purpose to improve veterinarians' skills at the expense of hours for lectures, increased the quantity of hours for laboratory-practical classes.
• According to the Directive EC2005/36 on veterinary studies in Europe, in the new curriculum for Yerevan Veterinary Department were added new subjects: Bioethics, Preventive and State Medicine, Agronomy and Ethology.
2. About 20 professors from veterinary Department of Armenia attended training courses in the application of modern teaching methodologies and information technologies. The courses were organized by members of EU consortium universities. Moreover, an extensive exchange program for updating teaching methodologies and for the update of faculty scientific and technological knowlege was developed. A total of 24 professors participated in this program, visiting one of the three European faculties involved: Barcelona, Lisbon and Toulouse. To prepare the exchange program, intensive English courses were organized at the Yerevan Veterinary Department.
3. The computer la with Internet connection was organised for the students and teaching staff of Yerevan Veterinary Department. Moreover, there were disscussions about the most useful equipment for the teaching laboratory for pre-clinical and clinical courses. This lab equipment is currnetly in use by the professors during practical classes.
4. A basic library with modern veterinary textbooks was build up. This process was done by acquring a total of 121 basic textbooks for different subjects included in the Directive EC2005/36. Moreover, two librarians of the Yerevan Veterinary Department had the opportunity to work in the Library of the Facultat de Veterinaria in Bellaterra (Barcelona,UAB) for updating their knowledge on modern methods of Library.
5. In the context of postgraduate and continuous education program the updating courses on zoonoses, food safety and animal health for a total of 18 professors of Yerevan Veterinary Department was designed by two professors from Facultat de Veterinaria in Bellaterra (Barcelona,UAB). Finally, two of these Armenian faculty started a continuous education program that was designed for 26 veterinarians from different parts of Republic of Armenia.
Moroever, according to the European standards for Veterinary Education Yerevan Veterinary Department already has designed and approved "Apendix of Diploma" for Veterinary specialization.
Since 2010 we have been involved in several projects concerning with developing "Field Veterinary" and "Biosecurity" in Armenia organized by the competent departments of US Department of Agriculture.
All above mentioned activities have significantly improved veterinary education at Yerevan Veterinary Department, significantly improved image for attractiing more students, developed the academic mobility of faculty, bachelor and master students, improved public health and biosecurity by integrаting into the EHEA. As a result we are capable of providing professional education to those interested and our graduates possess the competences specified in the general curriculum.
 

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В статье тщательно

В статье тщательно проанализированы и выделены наиболее актуальные проблемы подготовки специалистов в Армении. Очень четко и грамотно предложены подходы к усовершенствованию учебной программы, эффективность которых не вызывает сомнения.

Весьма актуально, особенно в

Весьма актуально, особенно в условиях перехода на уровневую систему образования. Скажите пожалуста, включенный в учебные планы предмет "Биоэтика" входит в блок обязательных для изучения дисциплин или он по выбору студента?

Биоэтика

Уважаемая Инесса Юрьевна. Спасибо за оценку и за вопрос. Предмет "Биоэтика" входит в блок обязательных для изучения дисциплин и предназначен для студентов 4-ого курса.

Тема актуальная!

Тема актуальная!

Лариса Улько

Спасибо!

Спасибо!
PARTNERS
 
 
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