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DISEASE CAMEL IN REPUBLIC KAZAKHSTAN

Автор Доклада: 
Tokeyev SH.O.,Umitzhanov M., Bizhanov B.R.
Награда: 
DISEASE CAMEL IN REPUBLIC KAZAKHSTAN

UDK 636.295/296

DISEASE CAMEL IN REPUBLIC KAZAKHSTAN

Shukirbai Tokeyev, candidate of the veterinary sciences
M. Umitzhanov, doctor of the veterinary sciences
B.R. Bizhanov, candidate of the biological sciences
LLP "Kazakh research veterinary institute"
JC "KAZAGROINNOVACIYA"

 

Their article is about brought given infectious and invasive a disease of camel.

The Live-stocks camel in our country as of agency of the Republic Kazakhstan on statistics for 2010 year numbers more than 158 000 camels. For full-fledged development of this branches prevents specifically dangerous infectious disease as anthrax, tuberculosis, fury, plague, foot-and-mouth-disease and tinea, from invasive- fascioliasis, dictyocaulosis, echinococcosis, surra.
The vaccine STI use for preventive maintenance of the anthrax. Itis enter subdermal one-shot. During vaccination strictly take into account all grafted animal, indicate the names of the preparation, year of the issue and dose. Emphases turn on possible complications after immunization, in the event of origin realize the reasons. At therapy must be rendered immediately, since disease runs quickly. Sick insulate. The best results get under simultaneous using specific hyperimmune wheys and antibiotic (bicellin-3, bicellin-5, Chlortetracycline , streptomycin, ecmonovocilinius). The serum enter intramuscularly in dose: adult camel 150-200 sm3, saplings 50-100 sm3. Conduct careful cleaning and desinfection of the premiseses and territory. On unsuccessful point superimpose the quarantine, which remove through 15 day after the last event of the case or recovery animal, completions to reactions on inoculations and undertaking, final veterinary-sanitary action [1].
At tuberculosis in successful facilities by main method of the study animal is intracutaneous tuberculinization. In unsuccessful facilities camel simultaneously research (double) intracutaneous and ocular test. In purpose of the checking for wellfare facilities on tuberculosis and well-timed discovery sick animal tuberculinization camel conduct biannually: springtime and autumn.
Against disease fury use antirabic inactivated vaccine. Postvakcinalinyy immunitet in maximum degree develops through 3-4 weeks aproximately, lasts months, but at revaccination - before 2 years. Passive immunitet (using hyperimmune wheys or globulin) of the maximum voltage immunitet reaches 1-2 day, lasts 3-4 weeks. This motivates practicability of the using multifunction (the antibodies- hyperimmune whey or insulated from it gamma globulin and vaccine) immunization against fury more full, under heavy bite particularly and under lateness with inoculation.
The alive vaccines use for preventive maintenance of plague camel from strain "EV" made in Kazakhstan. The vaccine creates the racks immunitet for 6 months. If epizooty plague amongst rodent remains unliquidated, camel rivaccines in 6 months.
In Republic Kazakhstan under the direction of doctor of the veterinary sciences, the laboratory micology LLP "KAZNIVI" is designed complex living and inactivated five valents vaccines against dermatomycosis agricultural animals, as well as monovaccinis: living and inactivated vaccines against trichophytiy camel. The specified vaccines two use against dermatomycosis agricultural animal times with interval 14 days according to edification. Tense immunitet beside immunized animals with prolongation for 12 months [2, 3, 4, 5].
At present for fabrication biopreparation against trichophytiy and microspore are used stamm Tr.mentagrophytes F-0316, Tr sarkisovii F-0319, Tr sarkisovii F-0080, Tr verrucosum F-0320, Tr verrucosum varriantis autotrophycum F-0321, Tr equinum F-0322 and Microsporum canis F-0318. Specified stamm mushroom are deposited in laboratory on study genophods microorganism TOO "KAZNIVI" and are received on them predpatent Republics Kazakhstan. Against trichophytiy and microspore agricultural and carnivore are made unguent and solutions for primary processing dermatomycosis, as well as disinfecting facility against incidents bacterial and dermatomycosis to infections [6, 7, 8].
In purpose of the preventive maintenance camel from contamination fassioliosis and dicticouolis is not allowed contents them on boggy and low-lying pasture, as well as is forbidden watering place animal from puddles and other small standing waterresurses.
Under ichinicoccus is strictly forbidden feeding carnivore militure departure, infected incidents invasion diseases.
For preventive maintenance and treatments triponosomis camel use trpojek, naganin as requested. These are a specific preparations capable completely to free the organism an animal from trypanosome, under fresh events of the disease especially, and vastly relieves its diferens. Naganin enter intravenous in dose 0,06-0,07 on 1 kgs masses in 20% breeding on physiological solution.
Above specified infectious and invasive disease much often meets in farming and peasant facilities. So necessary in good time to conduct planned preventive veterinary-sanitary actions in camel’s facilities.

Refernces:

1. Sansyzbaev A.R. Disease camel /НИЦ "Bastau", Almaty.-1995.-126 s.
2. Umitzhanov M., Bizhanov B.R., Boranbaeva R.S. Pyativalentnaya vaccine against dermatomykosis agricultural animal / Predpatent RK №21359.- Byull. № 3.- 2007 y.
3. Umitzhanov M., Bizhanov B.R., Boranbaeva R.S. Pyativalentnaya inactivated vaccine against dermatomykosis agricultural animal / Innovacionnyy patent RK № 20068, Byull. №6.- 2007 y.
4. Umitzhanov M., Bizhanov B.R., Boranbaeva R.S., Arysbekova A.T., SH.O. Tokeyev. Current vaccine against trichophytiy camel / Innovacionnyy patent RK №21186, Byull.№5.- 2008 y.
5. Umitzhanov M., Bizhanov B.R., Boranbaeva R.S., Arysbekova A.T., SH.O. Tokeyev. Current inaktivirovannaya vaccine against trichophytiy camel / Satisfactory conclusuon on reception innovacionnyy patent RK 2010 / 0131.1 from January 29 2010 y.
6. Umitzhanov M., Bizhanov B.R., Boranbaeva R.S., Romashov K.M. Disinfecting facility against incitants bacterial and dermatomykosis to infections / Innovacionnyy patent RK №20958, Byull. №3.-2008 y.
7. Umitzhanov M., Bizhanov B.R., Boranbaeva R.S. Arysbekova A.T., SH.O. Tokeyev. Current unguent for treatment dermatomykosis agricultural and carnivore / Innovacionnyy patent RK №22254.- Byull. №1.- 2009 y.
8. Umitzhanov M., Bizhanov B.R., Boranbaeva R.S. Solution for primary processing the defeats of the skin animal dermatomykosis / Innovacionnyy patent RK №22255.- Byull.№1.- 2009 y.

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Уважаемый автор. Статья из

Уважаемый автор. Статья из себя предстовляет всего лишь тот минимум противоэпизоотических меропреятий, которые должны провадится по требованию ветеринарного законодательства. Из преведенных данных, только лишь сообщение о том, что была розработана новая поливалентная вакцина против дерматомикозов, можно считать новшеством и научным достижением ,однако заглавье статьи и общый контекст совсем не об этом. Самое главное не понятно в чем заключается научная новизна статьи. Кроме всего этого статья написана на непроффесинальном английском языке, имеются множество орфографических и стилистическых ошыбок.

Очень интересный доклад,

Очень интересный доклад, имеет практическое значение!

Лариса Улько

Спасибо! Лариса Григорьевна.

Спасибо! Лариса Григорьевна.

Работа вызывает большой

Работа вызывает большой интерес так, как работ по проблемам верблюдоводства очень мало.

Спасибо Канат Мухаметжанович!

Спасибо Канат Мухаметжанович!

Вопрос

Многие авторы (Т. МУСАКАРАЕВ, К. САПАРОВ , 1985; В.П.ЧЕРЕПАНОВА, З.М. МУСАЕВ, В.Т. БЕЛОКОБЫЛЕНКО 1986; И.Ф. ШУЛЬЖЕНКО, 1993 и др.) отмечают, что верблюжье мясо не уступает по питательности говядине, а молоко обладает уникальными лечебными свойствами. Для лечения и профилактики трипанозомоза применяется препарат наганин. Скажите, пожалуйста, через какое время после применения данного препарата можно использовать продукты верблюдоводства в пищу человеку?

Спасибо! Примерно через месяц

Спасибо! Примерно через месяц после последнего применения.
PARTNERS
 
 
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