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STATUTORY BASIS OF TOURISM ORGANIZATION IN UKRAINIAN RURAL REGIONS

STATUTORY BASIS OF TOURISM ORGANIZATION IN UKRAINIAN RURAL REGIONS
Babikova Kateryna, research associate

Ekateryna Babikova, postgraduate student

Институт агроэкологии и природопользования НААН Украины

Conference participant

The normative concepts of rural and agrotourism are examined in this article. The necessity and actuality of ecological certification of touristic objects and rural farmstead.

Keywords: agrotourism, ecological certification, rural tourism, rural territories.

Rapid and multifaceted development of tourism throughout the territory of Ukraine caused by uniqueness, richness of natural resources, a variety of historical, cultural and architectural sights, mild climate and convenient physical and geographical location.

Considering the public interest and the interest of international community towards the development of ecologically-oriented types of tourism in our country besides the traditional types (vehicular, water, air, hiking, mountain, extreme, etc.) the rural tourism (including his perspective form - agricultural tourism) acquired large popularity.

The orientation tourism on rural areas caused by several factors, including the following:

- a third of the total population lives in rural areas;

- a complex social-economic situation of the peasants, the vast majority of which is the unemployed;

- the potential for development of tourism activities (free, unused housing, originality and uniqueness of the local traditions, customs, culture and way of life, etc.);

 -the relative distance from the industry (especially the Western region).

The development of rural (green) and named as agrotourism could become one of the key mechanisms on the way to the revival of the Ukrainian village, the overcoming of economic crisis and poverty, improving the financial situation of rural families to social and demographic problems, etc [1,2].

Perspectives and significance of tourism in rural areas have long been defined and no doubt. The peasant, doing his usual business would be able to extend the range of its activities. The activation of agriculture and agro-tourism will encourage the improvement of rural (agro) estates, the streets and villages in general, increase cultural and educational level of population.

Today in Ukraine undecided leaders in the development of agriculture and agro-tourism. These are Zakarpatska, Lviv, Ivano-Frankivsk, Ternopil, Chernivtsi, Volyn and Rivne regions. However, centers of rural tourism are in almost all areas of our state.

The main task on national and regional levels is marketing activities to promote and attract the visitors (especially foreign) for the rest in the countryside. Towards this aim the All-Ukrainian Public nonprofit organization "The association for Promotion of Rural Green Tourism development" still actively functions. The Union developed program of voluntary categorization in rural tourism - "Ukrainian inviting mansion." There are four categories: basic, first, second and third. Getting relevant category (confirmed by "Sign of Conformity"). Today the 84 estates from the 16 provinces have passed the categorization.

To our mind, this document paid little attention to environmental protection. They apply only to requirements for the appearance of estate, garbage and waste utilization. We recommend adding to the list of requirements the demands for the garden land plots, grown plant products and drinking water quality (according to existing national and international standards functioning in Ukraine). It is advisable to make a point for the rational conducting of agricultural activities and directions of environmental improvements, minimizing the use of agrochemicals and production of environmentally safe (organic) products.

The Union also introduced a system of environmental marking (certification) of rural (agro) estates with Emblem "The Green estate". The environmental marking have already passed 49 farms from 7 regions, including the certificate of the first (lowest) level - 44, the second level -4, the third - any estate.

Due to the fact that the programs of categorization and environmental certification are voluntary, they do not display in the official state of legal documents, making it impossible to control this area of work.

We suggested introducing The ecological passport for tourism areas and agro estates. It will track and fix all the changes taking place in the environment as a result of tourism activity, to determine the degree of environmental resources, to conduct the environmental assessment and land areas, and to establish appropriate rules and regulations on the rational use of natural resources and agriculture. The presence of the Passport will provide public accounting of objects involved in the tourism sector.

Today the question of environmental certification in tourism has not yet been identified by law and requires further elaborations. The developing of Rural settlement passport in Ukraine (Order of Agricultural Policy number 116 on April 7, 2011) is very important, but it has some flaws: the existing passport pays a little attention exactly tourism activities within rural settlements.

Based on the data national experts [3], we developed the project of the passport (table 1).

Table 1

Contents of a typical ecological passport of tourism facility or site

Chapter 1

General characteristics of the tourist site (physical and geographic and administrative data)

1.1.            Name of object or site, the address of whom and when created,

 departmental subordination and structure

1.2. Size and character of configuration

1.3. Environmental map-scheme of object or site

1.4. Location coordinates of the object (country, region, district, town)

1.5. Ownership (public or private)

1.6. Physical and geographical characteristics

1.7. Geographical or geobotanical zoning

Chapter 2

Description of the current state of the tourist facility

2.1. Characteristics of anthropogenic load

2.2. Sources, amounts and types of pollution from existing (alongside located)companies or environmentally dangerous objects

2.3.Landresources

2.4. Water resources

2.5. Atmospheric air

2.6. Wastes

2.7.Building

2.8. Ecological and economic indicators

Chapter 3

Characteristics of tourism flows and tourism services

3.1. Information about tourist contingent and tourist activities

3.2. Features of travel service

Chapter 4

Features of environmental activities

4.1. Environmental activities

4.2. Recreation and tourism activities

4.3. Ecological and educational activities

4.4. Conclusions and recommendations

It is necessary to develop such ecological passport for all tourist sites and to make ecological passportization legally required.

In the development of agriculture (green) and agro-tourism, it is important to develop a model of ecological passport of rural (agro) estate, which is both a place of temporary accommodation and recreation, and the main object of interest of tourists. Tourists can also observe and take part in all agricultural works within the estate.

We proposed draft model of ecological passport of rural (agro) estates (table 2).

Table 2

Chapter 1

General characteristics of the rural (agro) estates

1.1. Location (country, region, district, town)

1.2. Information about the owner, ownership of land

1.3. Types of agricultural activity within the estate

1.4. Area of ??the house and adjoining land, garden, field (or other areas used for the provision of tourist services)

1.5. Characteristics of soil within the garden plots of their type and structure

1.6. The presence of groundwater within the estate (fountain, artificial or natural pond, lake, river)

1.7. Plant (total area of sown crops)

1.8. The presence of domestic animals (quantity and types), production of milk, honey, eggs or other products, etc

Chapter 2

Description of building

2.1. Common rooms

2.2. Rooms are designed for the reception of tourists

2.3. Dining room or kitchen

2.4. The presence of a separate room for laundry

2.5. Dryer building

Chapter 3

Environmental conditions and measures for environmental protection

3.1. Sources, amounts and types of pollutants from stationary and mobile sources

3.2.Landresources

3.3. Water resources

3.4. Quality of agricultural products

3.5. Wastes

3.6. Energy

3.7. The economic costs of environmental

3.8. Measures for conserving species, landscape and biodiversity

3.9. Creating eco-tourism map of the region

3.10. Ecological and educational activities

Chapter 4

Tourist contingent and tourism services

4.1. Information about tourist contingent

4.2. Maximum quantity of tourists who may live in the estatesimultaneously

4.3. Acceptable quantity of tourists, depending on the capacity of recreational area

Conclusions. Promotion on the market of rural tourism (green) and agro-tourism is impossible without complying with relevant standards, norms and ecological passportization and certification of tourist objects and rural (agro) estates. All above should prevent and minimize damage to the environment and provide the appropriate level of product quality and services.

Литература:

1.Ніколаєв К.Д., Бабікова К.О., Ісаєнко В.М. Екологічна паспортизація туристичних об’єктів як складова природо ресурсного права // Modern trends in scientific thought development: materials digest of the 2nd International Scientific Conference (January 31 – February 14, 2011, Kiev, London). Juridical sciences, open section / All-Ukrainian Academic Union of specialists for professional assessment of scientific research and pedagogical activity. – Odessa: InPress, 2011. – P. 34 - 36.

2.Николаев К.Д., Бабикова К.О. Обоснование принцыпов и методов экологизации туристической деятельности на территории Украины // Российский Журнал Экотуризма. – 2011. - № 2. – С. 39 - 44.

3.Гончарук В. Національна екологічна безпека та екологічна паспортизація водних об’єктів / В. Гончарук, Г. Білявський, М. Ковальов, Г. Рубців // Вісник Національної академії наук, №5, 2009. – С. 22-29.

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