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GEOINFORMATION MAPPING OF KELBADJAR REGION OF THE AZERBAIJAN REPUBLIK

Автор Доклада: 
G. Bayramova
Награда: 
GEOINFORMATION MAPPING OF KELBADJAR REGION OF THE AZERBAIJAN REPUBLIK

GEOINFORMATION MAPPING OF KELBADJAR REGION OF THE AZERBAIJAN REPUBLIK

Gulnar Bayramova, student
Baku State University

ABSTRACT

As you know, 20 % of Azerbaijan area has been occupied by the Armenian weapon strength more than 10 year. In spite of decision of UN and other some international organizations about this problem, Armenian robber groups have done devastating influences to the nature with doing military maneuvers, damage to the plant and animal world of the area with burning forests and meadows, destroying stones of the village and city houses for to carry out to the Armenia, dissipate graveyard and historical monuments, throw poisonous matters to the river in the Garabag and other joint territories of Azerbaijan. There is need to create models of the digital geoinformasion map in English language for to show all these to international establishment in visual form. Models of geoinformation map differently from traditionally maps have opportunity to describe all information about these in English and other languages in objects describing time. Also, these models has opportunity to show photo description of any objects situations which has been happen in different times. Map geoinformation models has been created on base components of the natural condition and their text information has been loaded to the geoinformasion base about maps in English, Azerbaijan and Russian languages on project theme in the person of the Kalbajar district at present. Map geoinformation models about regions which intending in the investigation have been prepared and will be able to complete according creating models for the Kalbajar regions. Map geoinformation models which have been created have opportunity to give right information about situation of occupation area of our Republic.
Keywords: geoinformation map,modelling,GIS Mapinfo,Surfer softweare,atcheology

As you know that, Nagorno Garabag and joint regions is in occupation of Armenia. Area which has been occupied organizes 20 % general area of Azerbaijan. Garabag and 7 surrounding area’s near 1 000 000 Azerbaijan population has left own living places, has been killed more than 24 000, 50 000 person been wounded or has become invalid at the weapon conflict result Till 10000 Azerbaijanian has perished at the result of being disturbed of the cease-fire repeatedly by the Armenian, through cease-fire has been signed between countries is in the strength in the 1994.
927 library, 464 historical monument and museum, more than 100 archeology monument and 6 state theatres and concert studio has been destroyed in been occupied Azerbaijan area in military aggression time. Valuable thing and rare exhibit more than 40 thousand has been stolen from museums which have been robbed. Following regions have been included to the area which has been occupied: Khojali 26.02.1992; Shusha 08.05.1992; Lachin 18.05.1992; Khojavand 02.10.1992; Kalbajar 02.04.1993; Agdara 17.06.1993; Agdam 23.07.1993; Jabrayil 18.08.1993; Fuzuli 23.08.1993; Gubadli 31.08.1993; Zangilan 29.10.1993.
Area which has been occupied is rich with underground and surface natural wealth. Most of minerals: ore, gold, mercury, chromic, perlit, lime, marble, mineral waters and others. Also, health resort - recreation is wide of the area. Important reserves of the copper-sink ores has gathered together in the Hotel field which situated in the east of the Small Caucasus. An Ore reserve which is ready to the exploitation has been studied. A Mercury reserve which has industry important is growing in Shorbulag and Agyatag which is Kalbajar region. An area which has been occupied is rich with different type construction materials which are reliable to the industry and construction of the Azerbaijan. Big reserves of the same materials is in the Chobandag (reserves of the lime140 million tone and clays 20 million tone), Shahbulag (25 million tone clay), Boyulahmadli 945 million tone clay) and etc.fields which is situating in the Agdam region area. Large construction stone fields are in the Khankand and marble is in the Harov. Till 120 mineral water fields which has got cure important is in the occupied area. Following mineral waters is the specially: Yukhari and Ashagi Istisu, Bagirsag, Keshdak is in the Kalbajar district, Iligsu, Minkand is in the Lachin district, Turshsu, Sirlan is in the Shusha district and other mineral waters. Specially, Istisu mineral waters which is situating in the Kalbajar district differs for own suitable gas and chemical composition, higher temperature, large natural reserves. Water of it is possible to treat medically of the foreign and internal illness of man. There has been a created health resort and filwater plant in the Istisu spring in 1980. Same plant was producing 800 thousand litre water in one day. Turshsu spring situate in the 17 km distance of the Shusha region. Internal diseases are treated with Turshsu and are given to the Shisha region with water belt. Turshsu and Isa spring is the place which was done poetry and music meetings of the Garabag for centuries. Must note that, 39, 6 % of the general geological reserves of the Azerbaijan mineral fields are in the areas which have been occupied. There is not any information about present ecology situation of the area which has been occupied. Armenia conceals real ecological situation. That is why we can say only common considerations about same situation. Known that, natural elements of area are in the mutual connection and happening changes in one element is given to the other. Surrender area of Nagorny Garabag - Kalbajar, Lachin, Gubadli, Zaangilan, Jabrayil, Fuzuli and Agdam is in the out of man’s control, there is not being cultivated and it is a big ecological calamity cause. Moving heavy military techniques, a lot of projectiles, planted mines which in the occupied nagorny areas have damaged to the ground cover and plant world of this area. Any body does not think about protecting of the nature in the neglected same areas: mountain forests are carried to the neighbor countries with all breaks, cuts root of the rare plant and animals. Prevention of the water canals (which begin from the occupying area) is heavy causes to the agriculture of the state surroundings area of Azerbaijan. It is really that, Azerbaijan peoples and nature suffers from occupation. Creating geoinformation foreign models of the investigation territory in English and Russian languages is an actual problem for our Republic for to deliver this information timely to the world community.
About urgency and responsibility of the preparing project has criticized positively by the director substitute on scientific works of the Geography University named after Sh.Y. of the AMEAN, correspondent membership of the AMEAN Ramiz Mammadov and State Committee on Compelled Migrant and Refugee problems in the Azerbaijan (comments is adding to the project).
There is intending to create digital and geoinformasion map models with the new information technology in modern components, when saying geoinformasion models. Most of all is the MAPINFO and SURFER, using in the geography. When saying geographical information system (GIS) is intending program guarantee for compiling digital maps according cartographic projections and geography coordinate system in computer. With help of this system, we have complied topographic and theme maps of the Kalbajar region from maps which situate to the Azerbaijan. Geographical objects has vector in map floor form separately and has created electron information base about every object in preparation time of the digital maps. Geoinformasion maps about natural condition of the region have been created and have been determined application area of their according information of the same bases.
Geoinformation maps models which has been complied allows to solve region’s agriculture structure with natural condition relation, distribute structures on village of the social-economical problems which is existing in region and difficulties and other problems in using of the natural resources in common region area. When organized these information, costs of the agriculture and social –economical indicators has been based on information till 1990. There is possible doing any analyses according gathering schedule cadastre and annual counts, though region has been occupied by the Armenian; most of the demographic indicators has been get from State Statistics Committee, information about natural resources is cartographic.
So, present social situation, education, population growth dynamics, be adapted to the other geographical situation, unemployment and etc. of the people (which been drive out from region area) is possible to regulate, according creating geographical information. In natural reserves: GIS has got great importance when compared present situation with situation till 1990.
In present time we can see we satellite system, Armenian destroy graveyard, valuable forest funds, historical monuments and etc. in the Kalbajar and other area whish has been occupied. Creating complex geographical information system about previous and present situation from 1990 of the Kalbajar district and other regions has got great importance. Previous and present situation of the nature or anthropogenic objects must be shown operatively, when complained to the any international establishment. This operativeness is belonging only to the GIS. We have create digital maps of the following land, ground, landscape and agriculture in this our investigation according existing geographical maps. So, is possible to create geoinforamtion map model of the Azerbaijan area which has been occupied by the Armenian in person of Kalabajar district, according created region geoinformation map model. Chief of the BSU Geoinformation and geography with computer centre - A.A. Nabiyev has checked getting results.

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