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ON INCREASING THE EFFICIENCY OF FREQUENCY CONVERSION IN METAMATERIALS

ON INCREASING THE EFFICIENCY OF FREQUENCY CONVERSION IN METAMATERIALS
Kasumova Rena, doctor of mathematics and physics

Baku State University, Azerbaijan

Conference participant

As for back as 1967 the Soviet physicist Victor Veselago showed that media with negative indices of magnetic permeability mand dielectric permittivity eat the same time, media called metamaterials, must possess the negative index of refraction. The values of these indices, in their turn, depend on wave length of electromagnetic radiation passing through the medium [1]. The achievements in experimental elaboration of metamaterials aroused new interest for theoretical and experimental researches of optical nonlinear properties of similar artificially created media with unique electromagnetic properties [2-8].

In recent years there have been carried out studies on elaboration of metamaterials refracting visible light. Generation of optical harmonics in metamaterials was considered in a series of works, mainly, in constant–field approximation [4, 6-8]. In contrast to constant-field approximation, constant-intensity approximation of fundamental radiation [9-10] does not impose any restrictions for phase of interacting waves. It permits to make more strict analysis of nonlinear interaction of waves in material with regard for change of interacting waves phases. In constant-intensity approximation it is possible to depict physical peculiarities of nonlinear process [11-12], which are unamenable to study within the frames of widely applied constant-field approximation. Theinvestigationsinthisdirectiongoon.

As a consequence, in the present work the results of further study are reported. Just namely analysis of the ways of increasing the efficiency of radiation energy conversion into second harmonic in metamaterials. It is particularly shown that maximum of the efficiency of conversion to second harmonic depends directly on a full length  of investigated metamatirial.

The process of generation of second harmonic in metamaterial is described by the system of reduced equations of kind [4]

 

 (1)

 

where A1,2 are complex amplitudes of pump wave and second harmonic at frequencies  respectively,  are the coefficients of wave absorption in metamaterial at frequencies  respectively,  are dielectric permittivity and magnetic permeability of metamaterial at corresponding frequencies,  is the phase mismatch between interacting waves,   are moduluses of wave vectors  directed towards the opposite to axis   is the efficient quadratic susceptibility of material [13].

We carry out study in following boundary conditions

                                                (2)

There Z=0 corresponds to an entrance to metamaterial,  is an initial phase of pump wave at the entrance to nonlinear medium.

By solving the system of reduced equations in constant-intensity approximation of fundamental radiation with regard for (2), for complex amplitude of harmonic wave at length Z of nonlinear medium there was received  [10]

           

,                (3)

where

                              

 

For the efficiency of conversion of pump wave energy to energy of harmonic wave (or given intensity of second harmonic wave) in metamaterial (3) we receive

 

                           (4)

at

                    

 

As is known, behavior of dependence of conversion efficiency sharply differs from usual dependence of conversion efficiency n2(z) in natural material. If in general quadratic nonlinear medium there took place strongly pronounced maximum reached on coherent length of medium, then in considered case of medium with negative refraction there is observed monotonous behavior of dependence. With this, metamaterial plays the role of a mirror reflecting harmonic wave on entry of metamaterial, i.e. maximum of conversion falls not on outlet, but an entry of metamaterial. In other words, excited radiation of harmonic is directed to meet exciting pump wave.

The numerical analysis of the analytical expression of maximum efficiency of conversion n2,max(z) in metamaterial, received with regard for phase changes of interacting waves depending on full given length  of metamaterial is offered in Figure.

 

 

Fig. Dependence of maximum efficiency of conversion n2,max(z) on the given full length of metamaterial  at .

In figure it is seen that maximum value of the efficiency acquires the constant value, i.e. in dependence the regime of saturation is observed. Hence practically an important conclusion follows. In constant-intensity approximation it is possible to calculate the optimum value of full length  of metamaterial for the purpose of obtaining the efficient frequency conversion on this length of similar media.

References

  • 1. V.G. Veselago. Usp.Fizich.Nauk, 92 (1967) 517-526.
  • 2. Marqu?s Ricardo; Kivshar Yuri. Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, (2009) 084105-084109.
  • 3. Fu Xiang Wang, F.J. Rodriguez, Hannu Husu, M. Kauranen, Nonlinear Optics and Quantum Optics, 40 (2010) 43-56.
  • 4. A.K. Popov, and V.M. Shalaev, Appl. Phys. B 84 (2006) 131-137.
  • 5. S.M. Orbons, D. Freeman, B. Luther-Davies, B.C. Gibson, S.T. Huntington, D.N. Jamieson, A. Roberts. Physica B, 394 (2007) 176-179.
  • 6. I.R. Gabitov, B. Kennedy, A.I. Maimistov, IEEE J. Select. Top. Quantum Electron., 16 (2) (2010) 401-409.
  • 7. V.M. Agranovich, Y.R. Shen, R.H. Baughman, and Zakhidov, Phys. Rev. B 69  (2004)165112-165119.
  • 8. I.V. Shadrivov, A.A. Zharov, and Yu.S. Kivshar, JOSA B23(2006) 529-534.
  • 9. Z.H. Tagiev, A.S. Chirkin, Zh.Eksper. Teor. Fiz.[Sov. Phys. JETP] 73 (1977) 1271-1282.
  • 10. Z.H. Tagiev, R.J. Kasumova, R.A. Salmanova, and N.V. Kerimova, J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclas. Opt., 3, (2001) 84-87.
  • 11. Z.H. Tagiev, R.J. Kasumova, L.S. Gadjieva, Journal of Russian Laser Research, 32(2011)188-199.
  • 12. R.J. Kasumova, L.S. Gadjieva,Proc. IV International Scientific –Practical Conference,Kiev-Colambia, 4(2011)216-217.
  • 13. F. Zernike, and J.E. Midwinter, Applied Nonlinear Optics, New-York: Willey, 261p (1973).
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