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DEVELOPMENT PERSPECTIVES OF MOUNTAIN TOURISM IN THE AZERBAIJAN

DEVELOPMENT PERSPECTIVES OF MOUNTAIN TOURISM IN THE AZERBAIJAN
Nabiyev Alpasha, student

Baku State University, Azerbaijan

Conference participant

The Development perspectives of mountain tourism in the Republic of the Azerbaijan are analyzed at the article.

Key words: Tourism, recreation reserves in Azerbaijan, mountain tourism in Azerbaijan,  Shahdag winter tourism region.

Tourism – is one base activity part of modern economy, which has been directed to the paying of people’s necessities and increasing of people’s life level. In the same time, tourism is different from other area of economy, because it is not a cause to the ending of natural resources. Tourism is directed to the export and demonstratesthe more stabile in non-constant situation in the world market. The motley of landscape and natural resources of the Republic of Azerbaijan create opportunities for economic development. Azerbaijan is mountain country for relief. Its area has beenencirclement with the Big Caucasus from north, the Small Caucasus from west and the talish mountains from south. The highest mountain of country is grandiose Bazarduzu (height 4466m). The country’s geographical location, relief and the Caspian Sea fundamentally influences to the Azerbaijan’s climate. Here we can meets the semi desert and dry field, subtropics, moderate and cold climate. The dry subtropics climate is characteristic for Kur-Araz plain and Absheron. The amp climate damp subtropics climate is observed only in south of Talish mountains. The moderate climate is observed in the slope covered with forests of the Big and Small Caucasus and it is separated to dry, moderate-hot dry, moderate-hot damp and moderate cold climate. The cold climate is observed in the high range of mountains, Big and Small Caucasus’ tops and alpine and subalpine grasslands zone. The weather’s average annual temperature is positive 15 degree in the plains, but it changes till 0 and more down degree in the high hilly regions.

We know that, the mass tourism history in the Azerbaijan is met on the beginning of XX century.  The Azerbaijan’s hilly landscape and climate condition is suitable for development of mountain tourism, but is not being used from hilly areas as recreation object in the necessary level.  The structures’ natural condition of the Republic of Azerbaijan is suitable for mountain tourism’s development. The natural-recreation complex grandiose Big Caucasus Mountains and range of Small Caucasus will be able to give impetus to the mountain tourism’s development. The thickness of snow cover in the south slope of Big Caucasus is 1.5m and in the Small Caucasus is 70-80cm. The number of snow days is 80-120 day in the hilly zone and 160-250 days in high hilly. The snow cover more than 3900 m in the high tops of Big Caucasus stays constant.   The number of snow days in the Small Caucasus’s hilly zone is less from Big Caucasus, there is not snow cover. The thickness and durability of snow cover assumes special importance for winter tourism, that is why Big Caucasus and Small Caucasus’s average mountain area is very useful. Because days constant covered snow is consisted 90-120 days in this area. New sledge road is possible implement from 1300-1500m height in the constant covered snow area. The Small Caucasus, Nakhchivan, Shaki, Zagatala, Gusar, Lerik, Shamakhi and other areas is very important for winter tourism. It is impossible to develop the tourism’s alpinism, mountain- sledge sport types in these regions. Talish Mountains surrounds the south-eastern area of the country and organizes the pass ring from Small Caucasus to the Elbrus Mountains and consists from 2477 m three base range of mountains and some branches. These are very important for construction of the winter health resorts.   To create ski jumps, slopes and ascents for drivers sledge and amateur of to drive sleigh is possible.

The “state program about development of tourism in the Republic of Azerbaijan on 2010-2014” has been prepared for solve of the tourism’s problems and for provide the development of tourism area inside country. Project of the Shahdag winter tourism region has been constructed on 2009 and it has been included to this program frame. The Shahdag Winter-Summer tourism Complex is located in the 1850 metres height from sea level in the Hilly Alayan village area, in the 30 km north from Gusar region and was built with the directly task of the President Ilham Aliyev; carries out activity on 2010.it is first and biggest mountain tourism region in the Azerbaijan. This tourism region will be cause to the increasing of the tourist stream from Western Europe and Asian countries to the Azerbaijan in the future and in the result of this, it will be cause to the mass profit in the Azerbaijan’s economy. Also, mountain tourism is one type of the ecological tourism and that is why it will increase interest to the habit- tradition and cultures of the nation which lives there, without damage to the Gusar region’s nature.

So, we want to underline some features, when used from recreation resources of hilly areas in the Azerbaijan. These are followings:

  • Being the useful natural condition for winter tourism and forming of rest;
  • Providing of useful usage from existence natural condition and opportunities in the forming of winter tourism and rest;
  • Spending the useful time for rest;
  • Keeping the ecological balance in the hilly areas, when organizing the sledge line;
  • Taking into account the local opportunities, in creation of mountain tourism;
  • Supporting of the creating and developing of the mountain tourism by state and suitable organizations; GIS (GIS- Georaphical Information Systems) – this system has been directed to the solving of complex public, economic, ecological and other problems inside world; is assistant to the users in the deciding time; is hardware, program, personal, geographical information and methods which implements the big cpacious geographical information’s gathering, depot, usage, leadership, mekansal analyse, surveying and presenting functions.

GIS has got five basis components:

  1. Hardware: all of the computer and productions conjunction with it which doing possible the usage of GIS.
  2. Software: it is algorithms which high level programmes, for to provide to the user the necessity and function, as moving program, geographic information, depot, to analyse and to show.
  3. Data: “information” is one most important component of GIS. Information in appoint with the geographical structure in the graphics structure or schedule information will be able to gather from necessity origins, so present information will be able to purchase.
  4. People: GIS technology would be able in limited one structure, without people. Because, people will control the necessary systems on to apply the problems in the world and will prepare the development plans.
  5. Methods: Successfully GIS, plan prepared very well and works on work rules. These functions in the special model and applications forms, concerning to each establishment.  Getting and presenting of the information, according demand of user becomes real in the absolute definite standards, so in the rules frame. These applications are connected with the structural establishment. For that purpose, legal regulations are implemented and the necessary authorities are prepared and fixed.

There are some GIS companies in the Republic of Azerbaijan. They use from modern method and technologies, for more developing of the Republic of Azerbaijan. It is not accidental that, GIS is applied in some state organs and offices in the Republic of Azerbaijan. For example: State Soil and Makemap Committee, State Register Service of  Real Estate, State Committee on Property Problems, Ministry of Emergency Cases and etc..That is why, I have created the geoinformation map models with the mapinfo geographical information system of Ecological tourism regions of the Azerbaijan. These map samples have been checked by A.A.Nabiyev – chief of geoinformation and computer centre of the Baku State University and the same samples have in the following address: www.ali-n?biyev.narod.ru/az.maps.html.

Reference :

  1. Soltanova.B.H “Azярbaycan Республикасында Даь туризминин инкишаф етдирилмясиндя тцркийянин тяърцбясиндян истифадя“ //Азярбайъан Ъоьрафийа Ъямиййятинин ясярляри,Бакы-2006, сящифя292-294
  2. Википедийа азад Интернет  енсклопедийасы
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