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Conditions of Students’ Creative Thinking Formation in High School

Conditions of Students’ Creative Thinking Formation in High School
Zhorabekova Ainur, doctoral candidate, doctoral candidate

Peruza Mailygarayeva, senior lecturer

Kh.Yasavi International Kazakh-Turkish University, Kazakhstan

Gulgan Beissenova, master of philology

Makpal Zholdassova, master of philology

Maira Seiitzhappar, senior lecturer

M. Auezov South Kazakhstan State University, Kazakhstan

Conference participant

Today’s requirement to education system of Kazakhstan is training of high qualified specialists possessing new creative thinking, mobility, competence, ready for continuous professional growth. In these conditions it is necessary to form and develop creative thinking of students. The aim of the work is an analysis of resources to open the essence of the concept ‘creativity’.

Keywords: creativity, creative thinking, competence.

 

INTRODUCTION

Nowadays the main task of high school is upbringing of a person who is ready for development of his capacities in high technological, competitive world.

The education system of Kazakhstan is aimed at idea of training of high qualified specialists possessing new creative thinking, mobility, competence, ready for continuous professional growth. In these conditions it is necessary to form and develop creative thinking of students.

Analysis of sources shows that the most important factors in increasing the creativity in students  in educational system are: active teaching (problem solving and group discussion), using some guidelines for increasing the self-concept and self-expression, familiarizing the teachers with creativity and its significance and value, using flexible training programs, teaching creativity, the student's perseverance, the human relations sovereignty, the student's interest, the family, the role of the teacher as a model and the free expression of the feelings such as love and happiness, curiosity, providing a positive environment in the classroom, having intimate relations with love and respect, providing opportunity and independence for students , divergent thinking skills, a keen interest in order in doing tasks, the ability to express oneself, perseverance and discipline in works, independence, critical thinking, motivation, enthusiasm , a sense of loving beauty, Loving Art, using the brain precipitation method and problem solving.

THE MAIN PART

Steve Jobs considered that “creativity – just connecting things. When you ask creative people how they did something, they fill a little guilty because they didn’t relay do it, they just saw something. It seemed obvious to them after a while. That is because they were able to connect experiences they have had and synthesize new things”.  

Edward de Bono said about the creativity that it is a great motivator because it makes people interested in what they are doing. Creativity gives hope that there can be a worse while idea. Creativity gives the possibility of some sort of achievement to everyone. Creativity makes life more fun and more interesting. Creativity involves breaking out of established patterns in order to look at things in a different way.

One of the vital and basic features of the human being is his power of thinking. The man, all through his life, has never been free from thinking and always tried to decide with his power of thinking and solve the problems in order to achieve the growth and Excellency. Thus all human progress and successes depend on his fruitful, dynamic and effective mind. The most complicated and highest manifestation of human thought is his creative thinking. Creativity means creating a new and appropriate design with high value. In other words, creativity is using the mental abilities to create a new idea or concept [1].

Torrance (1989) believes that the human being needs enhancing the creative power in today's students for institutions' survival in future. He asserts that providing opportunities for the creativity growth in every society is as vital as life and death. Therefore, in most societies, they have serious planning by using creative education methods in order to indentify creative students.

In our society, despite having talented ones, creative abilities are not flourished as they should be. In opinion of Mirkamali, M. and A. Khorshidi the main reason for this is the unclear location of the creativity, its lack of growth and its training method [2].

The psychology of the creativity enhancing considers five key aspects of teachers operations in the process of educating students as what follows: [3]

  • Environmental- social Aspect
  • Affective-cognitive Aspect
  • Thinking Aspect
  • Educational Aspect
  • Physical Aspect

The social environment of the class has a large impact on the learning process. The sense of security is the first requirement in creative class. The students should be able to ask any questions without fear and they should be able to take part in discussions freely. The mutual respect between the teacher and the student will strengthen the self-confidence in students.        

According to Williams (1970), Torrance (1990), Stenberg and Williams (1997), Curiosity, involving with ambiguity, imagination and the ability to take risks are regarded as the most important factors in raising creativity in affective-cognitive aspect. For strengthening the curiosity, providing the opportunities for observation, experiment, probing the environments and the objects, research and experience are essential. A skillful teacher does play an effective role in making the students sensitive to different social and scientific issues in this field. Taking reasonable risks in experiments and investigating the new and unusual approaches, challenging the complexity and enjoying this complexity, will of course has a great significance in enhancing students’ creativity. If teachers value the unusual ideas, they will be able to promote the innovative ability in their own students. Many of the innovations and inventions have only started with a strange and unusual question. Therefore, the teachers should welcome the students' seemingly unusual and unreasonable questions and answers.

In addition, if in solving the problems, students are asked to focus on different aspects of the problem, the possibility of finding different ways will increase. The quality of the questions teachers ask students has a crucial role in this field and it makes the students more flexible. The teacher can increase the flowing of thinking by enhancing the quantity along with improving the quality [4]

The Physical Structure is also very important in stimulating the creativity power of students. Using visual stimuli based on the subjects, using the puppet shows and etc. can provide an appropriate structure for the creative activity of the students and the teacher.

CONCLUSION

The Educational System (Teaching) is considered as one the most important aspects of the teacher's performance. By applying creative teaching methods and strategies, an informed and skillful teacher can teach creatively even inappropriate content and create an appropriate  creative atmosphere in the class.

Teachers have a key role to play in enhancing creativity. Teaching for creativity can happen in the course of normal education. It doesn’t necessarily need special time set aside (Fryer, 2003). The more teachers understand about creativity and its relationship to learning and motivation, the better equipped they are to enhance their students’ creativity. So teacher training in creative education is crucial. Teachers can:

  • - stimulate students’ motivation — in the tasks they set, when giving feedback on their performance, in their interactions with their students, and in the way in which they construct the learning environment;
  • - allow students to work alone for at least some of the time — so that they can get deeply absorbed in tasks they find motivating;
  • - enable students to apply a range of heuristic/creative problem-solving strategies appropriately — whilst being aware that some students find this so easy that what they most need is help in focusing on their most promising ideas;
  • - to evaluate solutions and, where appropriate, implement them;
  • - develop students’ knowledge and skills;
  • - demonstrate that they value creativity;
  • - encourage questions and respect unusual questions;
  • - take students’ learning needs into account — with regard to their progress in creativity, their level of development and academic performance: a key challenge concerns how to enable students to retain their intense curiosity whilst acquiring the knowledge and skills they need to continue to be creative as they grow up;
  • - set tasks which require creativity — so that students can learn to be creative by creating, just as they learn to read by reading;
  • - enhance the creativity of their more confident and capable students by introducing task constraints designed to stimulate their ingenuity [5].

Thus, development of students’ creative thinking promotes to formation of professional competences, increasing of knowledge level, readiness to innovative activity, invention and changes.

 

References:

  1. Keating. D. (1986). Four Faces of Creativity, the Continuing Plight of the Intellectually Underserved. Gifted Child Quarterly.
  2. Mirkamali, M. & A. Khorshidi. (2009). A study on investigating the effective factors in enhancing the creativity in Elementry school students in Gilan. The Journal of Psychology and Educational Sciences, vol. 2, pp. 51-75.
  3. Hosseini, A. S. (2005). Pattern for Enhancing the Creativity and its Function in Creating Creative Teaching in Teachers in Elementry Schools. Journal of Educational Innovations.
  4. Hosseini, A. S. (2002) The Impact of Creativity training Program on Knowledge, Attitudes
  5. and Skills of teachers. Tehran: The Ministry of Education and research Curriculum.
  6. Fryer, M. (2003). Creativity across the curriculum: A review and analysis of programmes designed to develop creativity. London, UK: Qualifications & Curriculum Authority
Comments: 2

Gavrylenko Kateryna Mykolaivna

Dear collegues! Thank you for interesting material about aspects of critical thinking in Kazakhstan's high establishments. It is always useful to know what's going on in the similar institutions of our countries. I hope you will continue your farther researches conserning the development of students’ creative thinking.

Gojkov, Grozdanka

Поштована колегинице, врло вредан текст. Верујем да ће скренути пажњу многих на питања стратегија и техника којима с екод студената развија креативност у току процесу учења. Срдачан поздрав, Грозданка Гојков
Comments: 2

Gavrylenko Kateryna Mykolaivna

Dear collegues! Thank you for interesting material about aspects of critical thinking in Kazakhstan's high establishments. It is always useful to know what's going on in the similar institutions of our countries. I hope you will continue your farther researches conserning the development of students’ creative thinking.

Gojkov, Grozdanka

Поштована колегинице, врло вредан текст. Верујем да ће скренути пажњу многих на питања стратегија и техника којима с екод студената развија креативност у току процесу учења. Срдачан поздрав, Грозданка Гојков
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