facebook
twitter
vk
instagram
linkedin
google+
tumblr
akademia
youtube
skype
mendeley
Wiki
Page translation
 

Teaching commonly used political phrases and vocabulary terms via World News and Events: A Personal Experience

Teaching commonly used political phrases and vocabulary terms via World News and Events: A Personal Experience
Ekaterine Kutalia, ph.d. of philology, associate professor

University Of Georgia, Georgia

Conference participant

 

The present paper focus on the need of commonly used political phrases and vocabulary terms via World News and Events as an effective means for acquiring English for Specific purposes (ESP).  

In this paper we would like to introduce some innovative usage of expressions and words commonly used in politics and analyses their usage in the political discourse. Additionally, this article seeks to present some of the key challenges in facilitating ESP learning through world news, event, newspaper and online resources and suggests some interesting insights into the innovative, modern teaching methods of ESP. This paper is devoted to discussing the advantages of using online resources in language learning. Finally, some websites are analyzed in the light of their use in language teaching.

Keywords: political terms, teaching methods,English for Specific purposes (ESP);

Представленная статья фокусирована на необходимость политических фраз и лексики, для передачи текущих событий и новостей, которые являются эффективной возможностью овладения профессиональным областным  языком.

В представленном труде ознакомим вас с иновационным приминением и анализом специальных высказываний и слов в политическом дискурсе. В статье представлены основные вызовы для упрощения процесса обучения профессионального обласного языка с помощью новостей, газет и онлайн ресурсов, которые предлагают методы иновационного современного обучения для овладения профессиональным областным янзыком. В статье проанализированы преимущества применения нескольких веб. страниц с точки зрения обучения языка.

Ключевые слова: политическая терминология, методы обучения, профессионально-областной язык.

 

Introduction

As the general interest in political vocabulary is noteworthy, online news sites, special websites and newspapers also distinguish themselves in political terms and remain an important medium for acquiring political vocabulary in a communicative way. Based on our experience and the study in this field, we also aimed at finding a way to teach political vocabulary found in online news sites, special websites and in newspaper articles and we want to see if newspaper and online resources could be a teaching aid to do so. As I have conducted online resources and newspaper-teaching lectures with the senior high students of politics and international relations, it is only practical to use my students as my sample of this empirical research. A characteristic feature for the newspaper lexis is large amount of political terms. Newspapers and online sources enable teachers to meet various needs and interests of their students. Newspapers are providing some of the best motivational and timely resources. With today’s emphasis on resource-based instruction, teachers around the world are using newspapers and various sites on the World Wide Web to supplement textbooks and provide relevant resources in reading, writing, math, science, history, economics, language arts, special education, and second language learning. Using newspapers, students are applying literacy and numeracy skills and appreciating the importance of history and current affairs. Studies have shown that students who use various sites dealing with current events on the World Wide Web and newspapers score higher on reading comprehension tests and develop stronger critical thinking skills. Using newspapers also helps ESP language learners to provoke interests and tolerance for different cultures.

In recent years,political phrases and vocabulary terms have gained importance and researchers have highlighted that students encounter some communication problems. Lexical problems –lack of knowledge of ESP vocabulary frequently interfere with effective communication. Rare words are often the type of words that learners have difficulty knowing. Newspapers are an excellent source of rare words. Today, the main concern of Political phrases and vocabulary teaching seems to be trying to find answers to the following questions:

·        What Political phrases or key vocabulary should ESP language learner as a future politician need most to learn?

·        How can a language instructor make those words seem interesting to ESP language learners?

Bearing in mind all these features and positive input of newspapers and online sources we undertook a lot of surveys, questionnaires to make this issue more persuasive and more practical for the students.

It should be pointed out that University of Georgia is one of the forerunners among the universities in Georgia that has decided to implement the changes leading to a European Higher Education area. To cater to this diversity, the English department at the University of Georgia has developed innovative Approach inLanguages for Specific Purposes (LSP) field for all its bachelor students at the B1/B2 level of the Common European Framework from the department of Political Sciences and International relations.

In an attempt to improve ESP language learners’ English ability, ESP political vocabulary and raise their interest in world affairs, I am increasingly usingsome online news sites, special websites (http:// www.breakingnewsenglish.com) and newspaper s to practice their language skillsdealing with world news and current eventsas teaching material. This above mentioned site is ahigh-interest weekly educational sites, specifically designed for ESP language learners. It is clear, that Learning from the world news and events have magnetic appeal for ESP students. Teaching English through the use of online materials can prove effective, creative, innovative and interesting for both English language teachers and learners. As for the special website (http:// www.breakingnewsenglish.com) contains a huge variety of material on any topic and of any length that you coulddeal with in a classroom. The site covers a special section under the categories: Business English, world news, Lifestyle, gossip, health, technology, and environment. This will ensure that you come into contact with a steady stream of words that you would not otherwise usually come into contact with. An excellent way of getting information about new words and phrases is visiting websites that call attention on new words and phrases.

Teaching English through the use of newspapers in ESP class is one of the popular sources of authentic materials. Newspapers, obviously, are authentic teaching materials for English language classroom. They can be used for a variety of purposes in English language teaching. For example, they can be used to motivate students, to present new structures and practice them, for communicative activities, for teaching free compositions writing and vocabulary and so on. The newspapers include different sections and columns like editorials, news, book review, advertisements, condolences, letter to the editors that can be cut out for preparing different teaching materials for ESP classroom.

Let’s analyze one of the articles taken from the websites (http:// www.breakingnewsenglish.com) with additional suggested activities. Below you will find ideas on how to utilize this resource as a whole-language tool in your classroom. We provided various types of activities for our students to be deeply involved in the text and enhance them to acquire vocabulary easily. As we explored different ways of helping students we see something develop in ESP language learners. It is worth mentioning that all suggested activities are focused on the key words highlighted in the text.  

Georgia calls for ceasefire in South Ossetia

Georgia's President Mikhail Saakashvili has called for a ceasefire in the conflict with Russia. The two nations started hostilities over the breakaway province of South Ossetia. Russia sent hundreds of tanks and troops into South Ossetia on Friday to protect Russian citizens living there. Georgia responded by sending troops and fighter planes to the area. The fighting left over 1,500 dead on both sides. Mr. Saakashvili also proposed that Russian and Georgian troops step back from the region to allow breathing space and avoid a full-blown war. He said Georgian soldiers would withdraw from South Ossetia’s capital Tshkinvali and would stop shelling Russian forces. Media reports are that Russia is already in control of Tshkinvali. The wider world is worried the conflict might erupt into a dangerous war between the two sides. Georgia is a staunch ally of America and wants to join NATO.  (I Part of the article)

Suggested Activities

Step 1: Synonyms and Antonyms

Synonyms and Antonymsare considered to be one of the popular ways of vocabulary teaching. I provide the key word and also give the alternative words, and ask the learners to memorize them.kye words: ally, ceasefire, conflict.

Aim of the activity: To familiarize students with vocabulary usage and understanding.

1.      ally v                    a. dispute

2.      ally n                    b. truce

3.      ceasefire            c. band together

4.      conflict                 d. friend

Step 2: Same words

Some words have more than one meaning or words can have the same sound but different spelling or meanings. Study the additional meaning of SHELL then read each sentence and decides which meaning is used.

Aim of the activity:To raise students’ awareness of multiple meaning of the words.

1.      The hard outer covering of something, especially nuts, eggs, and some animals:

2.      A  container, usually with a pointed end, that is filled with explosives and shot from a large gun:

a.      Brazil nuts have very hard shells

b.      Artillery shells were landing in the outskirts of the city.

Step 3:  Confusing words from the article

Confusing words may be difficult because they are spelled similarly such as the words Allay,                         Alley, Alloy, Ally;

Aim of the activity: To make the students aware of a variety of words thatlook or sound alike but have very different meanings,

·      Allay- v. to lessen or relieve; 

·      Alley- n.  a narrow road or path between buildings, or a path in a park or garden,

·      Alloy-n.a substance composed of two or more metals; v. to reduce in value by an   admixture of a less costly metal. 

·      Ally-   v. to associate or connect by some mutual relationship, as resemblance or friendship.

           n. a person who associates or cooperates with another; supporter. 

Ex: Choose the correct word to complete the question.

1.      The government is trying to ----------------public fears/concern about the spread of the disease

a. allay             b. ally           c. alloy                   d. alley

Step 4:  Activityword families

The next key vocabulary-building strategy to focus on with language learners is developing their understanding of word families. This activity introduces students to the concept of word families.

Aim of the activity: In this activity, the learners decode unfamiliar words by identifying root words that can be formed when they are changed. The purpose is for language learners to become familiar with the way in which words may be built around a root (for example,staunch adj. Staunchness n.   Staunchly adv.)  to assist them in decoding.  Language Instructors Look for words in the learners’ texts that provide examples of how root words can have prefixes or suffixes attached to them. Focus on the most common prefixes and suffixes, including un-, re-, in-, dis-, -s, -ed, -ing, -ly;

  Step 5:  words in collocation and expression:

Collocation may consist of two or more words. Collocation is important because it makes speech sound natural and alive; it helps us to express ourselves easily. Key word Ceasefire

·        Declare a ceasefire

·        Ceasefire agreement

Step 6:  Complete each sentence with the correct form of one of the words from the box.

This article defines some of this common political vocabulary and gives you a chance to practice using some of this new political vocabulary in a few fill-in-the-blank exercises. This activity is an excellent way of practicing collocation and compound words.

                      a staunch,                          ally,                        shell,                       troops;

1.      He is generally considered to be the Prime Minister's closest political

2.      The UN has withdrawn its ---------------from the country.

3.      They were under orders ---------- the hospital and the town hall.

4.      He gained a reputation as being ---------------supporter of civil rights.

The main aim of the study was to examine the effect of using online news sites dealing with current events, world news on Georgian ESP learners. Generally, findings revealed that news was affective in learners’ vocabulary development. Some online news sites contain another benefit: teachers can link the online editions directly to curriculum outcomes. For example instructional materials, student activity sheets, many of which are based on current affairs.

By the end of the course, students had to familiarize themselves with political terminology and write competently in English. They must have the ability of understanding intermediate political articles and newspapers, understanding and conducting conversation as well as maintaining relationships with the target community.  We developed a methodological approach which was intended to be not only relevant to the immediate, academic needs of the Georgian students, but also to their future, international professional needs.  Many students have found the online news sites or newspaper has helped them in their selected fields.

           

References:

  1. Brown, H Douglas. (1994). Teaching by Principles: An Interactive Approach to Language Pedagogy.  New Jersey: Prentice Hall
  2. Carrie, M. (1997) ELT online: The rise of the Internet. ELT journal 3, 279-301
  3. Derwing, T.M., Munro, M.J., & Thomson, R.I. (2008). A longitudinal study of ESL learners'    
  4. Eskay, D.E. (1986). Teaching Second Language Reading for Academic Purposes (ed) Freda 3).
  5. Wenden, Anita. (1991). Learner Strategies for Learner Autonomy.  London: Prentice Hall). 
Comments: 5

kim

I just wanted to let you know that your efforts are appreciated. Keep up the good work and I hope others will follow your example and after such useful information and free for all of us to use.. Reverbnation Packages

Zalevskaya Alexandra Alexandrovna

Уважаемая Екатерина! Согласна с определяемой Вами ролью политической лексики в овладении иностранным языком. Приветствую обращение к новым возможностям, которые возникли в последнее время благодаря применению новых информационных технологий. Желаю Вам дальнейших успехов на ниве совершенствования методов и приемов обучения языкам! Алекседра Александровна Залевская

Parzulova, Mariyana

Статья и проблемы, поставленные в ней, актуаьлны. Они отвечают требованиям нового времени. Интерес к политической лексике все больше растет. Для хорошего освоения английского языка учащимися действительно нужны аутентичные тексты. Их можно найти в Интернете, на веб-сайтах, в газетах и т.д. Считаю, что для решения некоторых проблем студентов с коммуникацией, упражнения типа указанных действительно полезны. Ознакомление с актуальным политическим лексиконом являеся одним из правильных приемов для улучшения ESP словарь студентов. В таком планне важен и личный опыт коллеги. Желаю удачи! Марияна Парзулова

Jdanova Liubov

In the nowadays period the new political vocabulary analysis is really useful. The author's experience to analyze and systematize this article the key challenges in facilitating ESP learning through world news, event, newspaper and online resources will help students and anybody interested in the topic.

Ekaterine Kutalia

Thank you to state your opinion about my article. That fact that the importance of political vocabulary is increasing continuously enhanced me to analyze ESP vocabulary which I really found interesting.
Comments: 5

kim

I just wanted to let you know that your efforts are appreciated. Keep up the good work and I hope others will follow your example and after such useful information and free for all of us to use.. Reverbnation Packages

Zalevskaya Alexandra Alexandrovna

Уважаемая Екатерина! Согласна с определяемой Вами ролью политической лексики в овладении иностранным языком. Приветствую обращение к новым возможностям, которые возникли в последнее время благодаря применению новых информационных технологий. Желаю Вам дальнейших успехов на ниве совершенствования методов и приемов обучения языкам! Алекседра Александровна Залевская

Parzulova, Mariyana

Статья и проблемы, поставленные в ней, актуаьлны. Они отвечают требованиям нового времени. Интерес к политической лексике все больше растет. Для хорошего освоения английского языка учащимися действительно нужны аутентичные тексты. Их можно найти в Интернете, на веб-сайтах, в газетах и т.д. Считаю, что для решения некоторых проблем студентов с коммуникацией, упражнения типа указанных действительно полезны. Ознакомление с актуальным политическим лексиконом являеся одним из правильных приемов для улучшения ESP словарь студентов. В таком планне важен и личный опыт коллеги. Желаю удачи! Марияна Парзулова

Jdanova Liubov

In the nowadays period the new political vocabulary analysis is really useful. The author's experience to analyze and systematize this article the key challenges in facilitating ESP learning through world news, event, newspaper and online resources will help students and anybody interested in the topic.

Ekaterine Kutalia

Thank you to state your opinion about my article. That fact that the importance of political vocabulary is increasing continuously enhanced me to analyze ESP vocabulary which I really found interesting.
PARTNERS
 
 
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
Would you like to know all the news about GISAP project and be up to date of all news from GISAP? Register for free news right now and you will be receiving them on your e-mail right away as soon as they are published on GISAP portal.