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Gorbunova Olga Nikolaevna, doctoral candidate, candidate of economics, doctoral candidate
Championship participant: the National Research Analytics Championship - "Russia";
The article is devoted to study of the Tambov region’s investment climate. It contains an analysis of the main branches, which are favorable for investment and highlight the weaknesses of the region. Special attention is paid to the various branches of the export and tourism sector.
Keywords: investment, rating, potential of Tambov region, investment projects.
Creating a favorable investment climate and its continuous improvement, combined with the promotion of a positive image of the Tambov region will solve the problem of investment development.
Transit geographical location, high agro climatic potential implementation of a number of investment projects, highlight the Tambov region in the number of potential "growth points" on the map of Russia. The implementation of this role requires not short "investment boom," and continued steady flow of substantial investment in the economy, for the strategic period (10-20 years). However, the Tambov region is difficult to compete for investment with larger regions, with significantly large reserves of labor, energy and natural resources.
The implementation of these assumptions and the strengths of the region for a long time had suffered from poor positioning of the Tambov region in the investment market as a region favorable for investment, low awareness of investors about the region. Therefore, it was necessary to promote a targeted foreign markets available set of favorable conditions for the withdrawal of the Tambov region in the number of stable attractive to investors regions of Russia. 
The main wealth of the region - black earth. Region's land area includes more than 3.4 million hectares, its structure is dominated by agricultural land (78.9%), of which the share of black soil 87%. In the region there are more than 700 fields, sections and promising areas of different types of minerals. This - titanic sands, phosphates, mineral paints, molding sand, peat, sapropel, building materials, underground water.
In specialty areas include: agriculture, light and chemical industries.
The structure of agriculture are 432 agricultural enterprises and 2.9 thousand (peasant) farms. Operate 52 large and medium-sized enterprises in the food processing industry related to agriculture.
Reduced political risks of doing business. A high degree of consolidation of government, business and the major social groups on the basis of public-private partnerships to achieve the main goals of social and economic development of the region. Legislative and executive power of subjects actively support industrial activities that directly affect the positive dynamics of the real sector of the economy. State support measures aimed at the realization of investment and innovation projects with a maximum multiplier effect for the economy. 
Foreign economic activity is one of the most important characteristics of the industrial potential of the region. Dynamics of retail turnover in Tambov region in recent years, catching the national average, which indicates that the accelerated pace of development of the trade sector in the region, which is even more characteristic of paid services to the population. Foreign trade turnover in 2009 amounted to 122 million USD (including Belarus), including export of 52.0, and imports 70.0 million USD. In total trade foreign economic activity with foreign countries on export was 31.5 million USD and imports of 54.8 million USD. 
As for the food potential area, agricultural land occupies more than 76 percent of the region (60 percent of them - arable land), which is 1.3 percent of the Russian land. On these areas is 1.2 percent of the gross output of the country, 7.8 percent - CFA, 14.5 percent of the gross output of the Central Black Earth region.
Currently, a number of investment projects in the agricultural sector. An example is the construction of a sugar factory in the district of Mordovia capacity of sugar beet processing 9.0 tons / day, of the production of vegetable oil on the basis of "Uvarovskii elevator", a bakery in Michurinsk. 
Due to significant gross grain harvest in the Russian Federation, including those in our area (2008 - 3.05 million tons, in 2009 - 2.715 million tonnes), there are many projects in the elevator industry in the region. .
In this socio-economic background of a considerable increase in investment activity in the Tambov region. Dynamics of construction works is also characterized ahead of the national average rate. Despite the rather large effort and apparent success in attracting investment in recent years, in terms of total and per capita investment in fixed capital Tambov region is only a 56-64-places - a little below its 59-th place in the ranking of aggregate investment potential and much lower in recent years reached 32-33 places in terms of the integral of the investment risk. In accumulated foreign direct investment (FDI) ranks Tambov region is slightly higher than the total investment in fixed assets.
Tourist activity is another area that can attract investment. There is already a judgment of the Administration of the Tambov region of October 28, 2011 N 1486 "On Amendments to the long-term target program" Development of tourism in the Tambov region in 2011 - 2015. "Strategic objective of the program is to build on the tourism and recreation industry as a of the priority sectors of the economy that will provide satisfaction in tourist services, and will make a significant contribution to the socio-economic development of the region through investment, more jobs, conservation and management of cultural, historical and natural landscape heritage. 
Investment potential of the region serves as a potential competition and the level of investment risk - a real competitive advantage in the region. A characteristic feature of the present situation of the Tambov region of relatively nearby regions "competitors" is significant "grouping" competitors on the risk and the "spread" - the potential. Most regions - the closest competitors of the Tambov region in terms of investment potential have a much larger and less risk. Conversely, the regions - the nearest competitors in terms of risk for the most part have similar investment potential. Thus, for the regions of the category building Tambov region may well become a low risk and high-risk region.
However, marked "investment deficit" of social and economic development of the Tambov region is not yet possible to say with confidence on the uniqueness of the vector of the investment climate in the region in the direction of improvement. Extrapolating the change in the index of the integral risk among Russian regions over the past eight years, we can predict that if current trends in all regions by the end of 2011 only Tambov region will overtake the Samara region, but will miss the "forward" Kemerovo, Novosibirsk, Tomsk and the Ryazan region .
Thus, the investment activity in the Tambov region formally only a little "do not get" to "investment boom". But it should be noted that satisfactory results of these calculations due to insufficient high "base of comparison" (GRP), due to the previously marked low economic efficiency. That is, "the investment capacity" of the region is far from exhausted, and the region remains desperately needs an influx of investment resources for structural and technological modernization of the economy, raising living standards and improving the living environment of the population.