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Oksana Malynka, associate professor, candidate of economics, associate professor
Ivano-Frankivsk National Technical University of Oil and Gas, Ukraine
Management model of an object as an integrative socioeconomic system (ISES) is suggested, the basis of organizational structure of which is a structural module – the set of multitudes which provide the unity and adequacy of economic and organizational, functional, informational and documentary, algorithmic and software, technical and technological elements of an enterprise management system.
Keywords: management, integrative socioeconomic system (ISES), structural module, management model.
Problem statement. Management quality in the economic process is the main factor of the competitiveness enhancement of economic objects. The history shows that those who become leaders in the field of management for their time, burst into economic leaders.
The time of our living is the time of revolutionary changes. Such situation may be called "the challenge". Every challenge is a threat for a person, business, an organization, an industry or a country. To cope with this unprecedented challenge of the fate, it is necessary to learn new knowledge, and to be able to use it in practice. This is called management.
Most of the problems that Ukrainian companies face are connected with a substantial lag from the developed industrial countries in terms of management, production organization and implementation of marketing strategies.
Many domestic and foreign authors were interested in problems of management improvement, the creation and usage of modern management systems, system management of economic objects; among them A. Averyanov, K. Adams, M. Albert, V. Afanasyev, L. Bertalanffy, A. Bogdanov , O. Vihanskyy, V. Gerasymchuk, L. Dougan, P. Drucker, H. Kaplan, M. Kennerli, B. King, D. Kliland, K. Cross, R. Lynch, K. McNair, L. Meysel, M. Meskon, A. Naumov, V. Nyemtsov, E. Neely, D. Norton, N.-G. Olvia, P. Roberts, J. Roy, J. Surmin, R. Fatkhutdinov, F. Hedouri, Y. Chernyak, etc. Efficient system management remains an actual problem for any economic object.
Results.We define an integrative socioeconomic system (ISES) as the set of relations of the managed (management object) and managing (management subject) subsystems which are determined with clear goals, their implementation means, conditions (regulations, standards, indicators, criteria, etc.), the turnover of assets, resources, reserves in a competitive environment.
The basis of the organizational structure of an object as an ISES management system (fig. 1) is a structural module. The central figure of the module is a man – the manager of organizational and structural cell which is represented as a module. Here the competence of the module manager includes (according to the classification of multitudes of notions and relationships, presented on the fig. 1):
- global and partial goals and their implementation processes according to the stages of economic activity of the module;
- personal and material factors and canonical technology of the implementation of processes for achieving global and partial goals of the module;
- general management functions (experience accumulation – "memory" formation, decision making, planning, organization of plans implementation, accounting, analysis, control and regulation);
- actually the integrative socioeconomic system (ISES);
- organizational and structural cell – module as a whole.
The set of five competence fields of a manager is determined with the content of economic and organizational model and management functions.
Competence fields of the module manager are performed by means of the employees whose activity, in turn, is canonically described with the second multitude of notions and relationships.
High dynamics of economic processes in external environment determines the conditions of success of any economic objects. The environment is a set of objects and forces whose changes affect an ISES, and also those objects whose properties are changed as a result of a system behavior. If an enterprise as management object is an integrative socioeconomic system, it means the target orientation to the needs of the markets (the creation of competitive goods and services), awareness of the key factors of the mission provision and the achievement of organizational goals, functional management system, legal and legislative support. It is difficult to rely on high quality of management decisions without holistic understanding (information) of these aspects of a company's activity.
If the module is a structural element of a big system (as an organized set of similar organizational and structural cells-modules), the manager interacts with his colleagues horizontally (according to his level of the hierarchy) and vertically (with lower and higher levels of the hierarchy).
Module manager forms his understanding of the static-dynamic nature of the module, expressing it in the form of models, algorithms and management programs, and implements these models, algorithms and programs using management technique which operates according to the technological process of management.
Conclusions. Thus, we suggested management model of an object as an ISES, the central idea of ??which is to provide the unity and the adequacy of economic and organizational, functional, information and documentary, algorithmic and software, technical and technological elements of an enterprise management system. The effectiveness of management is determined with the intensity of relations with the environment, the degree of integration of the internal and external environment.
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