facebook
twitter
vk
instagram
linkedin
google+
tumblr
akademia
youtube
skype
mendeley
Wiki
Page translation
 

MANAGEMENT OF THE NATIONAL ECONOMIC SECURITY PROVIDING INSTITUTIONAL TRAJECTORY (APPLICATION OF MAX WEBER`S METHODOLOGY)

MANAGEMENT OF THE NATIONAL ECONOMIC SECURITY PROVIDING INSTITUTIONAL TRAJECTORY (APPLICATION OF MAX WEBER`S METHODOLOGY)
Omelyanenko Vitaliy, lecturer, ph.d. of economics

Sumy State Pedagogical University named after A.S Makarenko, Ukraine

Championship participant: the National Research Analytics Championship - "Ukraine";

the Open European-Asian Research Analytics Championship;

УДК 338.22.01

 

The article is devoted to the application of Max Weber's methodology for substantiating the mechanisms of managing of the national economic security institutions. The main points of Max Weber's methodology concerning the dynamics of socio-economic processes are analyzed. The directions of application of Max Weber's methodology for monitoring the system of national economic security providing are substantiated. The elements of the organizational and economic mechanism for institutional transformation management are proposed in the framework of national security providing, which takes into account the application of understanding sociology elements for the economic institutional transformation strategy selection.

Keywords: institutional trajectory, economic security, economic sociology, strategy, institutions.

Статья посвящена вопросам применения методологии Макса Вебера для обоснования механизмов управления институтами национальной экономической безопасности. Проанализированы основные положения методологии Макса Вебера, касающиеся динамики социально-экономических процессов. Обоснованы направления применения методологии Макса Вебера для мониторинга системы обеспечения национальной экономической безопасности. Предложены элементы организационно-экономического механизма управления институциональной трансформацией в рамках обеспечения национальной безопасности, что учитывает использование элементов понимающей социологии для выбора стратегии институциональной трансформации экономики.

Ключевые слова: институциональная траектория, экономическая безопасность, экономическая социология, стратегия, институты.

 

Introduction. The urgency of current study is caused be the necessity to develop the mechanisms off accounting the specific social factors in the process of institutional transformation within the national, including economic, security ensuring through the stabilizing the economic life of society, overcoming crisis phenomena, processes and trends in the country's economy.

It is important to note, that Weber's economic studies have influenced to Knight F., the american economist who was at the source of the neoclassical Chicago school. Knight has wrote, that Weber was the only economist who has concerned with the question of capitalism from the point of view of comparative history, which is an exceptional method in solving such problems. In our previous studies [3; 4] we have also illustrated the role of comparative science for innovation management based on the development of “organic” national innovation development strategies.

Kataev D.  [9; 10], having carried out research on the synthetic methodology of Weberianism and substantiating the synthesis of system approach theory application in Weber's sociology, notes that the productive application of his ideas for solving modern problems of sociology of management and organization is actual and to date. Also, according to the author, Weber's methodology is relevant for the purpose of overcoming the contradiction between rational models of economic action and theories, that absolutize the role of institutional entities in the economy, because it allows to explain the institutional trajectory based on reasons of rational decisions.

Weber's methodology helps explain the success or failure of the country's economic development, taking into account such factors as economic institutions and cultural factors, as well as the peculiarities of state policy. Cultural factors directly and significantly affect the rules of the market game, determine the nature of interactions of economic actors and motivate their behavior in the use of different types of resources and assets. Cultural factors are directly related to the capabilities of the economic system to generate, promote and spread scientific and technological innovations, which ultimately creates the conditions for economic development [13, p. 196-197]. This fact was explained by Weber on example of western economics success caused by the religion impact. We also underline, that the culture, especially economic culture, is important factor of modern economic conflicts, which are among the main threats to national security.

Bessonova O.E. [6] notes, that the central element of the local civilization matrix is ​​the institutional core, which links four local real environments (natural-climatic, national-demographic, material-technological, cultural-religious) into a single system. At the same time, the state is considered as a practical implementation of the local civilization matrix in the territorial space of vital activity of a certain human community and a public system regulated by an institutional matrix. In this case the Weber's methodology helps to explain the significance level of various factor elements (local real environments) for economic decisions efficiency through the perception. So we came to the national interests understanding as a set of internal and external needs of the state in ensuring the security and sustainable development of individual, society and state.

The importance of the additional analytical tools application, including sociological tools, in the economic decisions making, is caused by the fact, that the national security theory and practice is an interdisciplinary direction of fundamental and applied science, which studies the state (level) of protection of the national interests of human, society and state from various dangers and threats. Thus, the theory of national security is aimed at solving the complex problem, which includes the problem of numerous mutual relations analysis.

According to Granovetter M. & Swedberg R. [2] in the newest economic sociology the most important subject of study is the social "rootedness" of economic action in social networks and its further consideration and interpretation in institutional, political, cultural and cognitive contexts. It should also be noted, that the effective protection of national security is impossible without involving citizens and public structures, which brings sociology methodology to the forefront.

So the aim of this study is to consider in the context of the institutional trajectory of ensuring national economic security the application of the ideas of the German scientist Max Weber, a methodologist who has developed the principles of cognition of the social sciences, which have made a great contribution to the study methodology of economic life of society.

In the context of the research methodology we propose to use the system security approach, in which the political, economic and legal systems of society should be analyzed as an interlacing of interconnected formal rules and informal constraints, that together form the institutional matrix and institutional trajectory, that leads the country's economy along its unique path. In the framework of the system security methodology, it is also necessary to identify a system of institutional effects that both narrow and are able to expand the selection of economic agents strategies and do not allow them to radically change the institutional framework.

Within the framework of the methodology, we propose to combine Weber's research approach with the institutional transformation theory. According to studies [12; 15], institutional and innovation (technological) development include two components – innovative, generated as a result of natural selection or design, and imitative, resulting from the borrowing (transplantation) of institutions from other institutional systems. We expect, that Weber's approach is relevant for the institutional “growing” strategy, which is understood as supporting the natural evolution of the existing institution within some strategy, which can include both innovations and borrowing. An initial institution can be transplanted or designed, or may arise in the process of development of the domestic institutional environment. The advantage of institutional “growing” strategy is wide opportunities for adaptation and correction in the process of institute natural development. We also note a decreasing of the conflict potential. So we propose to consider Weber's research approach within the institutional dynamics, which is formed within some strategy of management.

Main material. For the beginning let’s consider the basic economic ideas of Max Weber, which are relevant for the study of security issues:

1) Weber has developed the theory of social organization, social institutions and has determined their role in the economy regulating. He has also analyzed detail the economic behavior of people and their values, as well as the impact institutions on them, in particular law, politics, religion. The behavior under the influence of the "spirit of capitalism" presupposes a system of thinking and behavior characterized by a rational and systematic desire to obtain a legitimate profit within the framework of its profession.

Weber relied on the culturological interpretation of organizational processes. He opposed the idea of ​​Marx, that only material interests (contrary to those, that Weber has called "ideal interests") decisively predetermine human behavior. In his work “Protestant Ethics and the Spirit of Capitalism” [8], Weber has developed the thesis, that a certain type of protestantism has led to the formation of a new economic ethic, which in turn contributed to the development of a rational type of capitalism specific for the developed countries of the West.

2) Weber's social philosophy is based on the idea of economic rationality, that penetrates into all spheres of social relationships and culture, and also provides the possibility of maximally rational behavior in the economic sphere and allowing to achieve marginal economic efficiency. This fact is important for different kinds of innovations, including social innovations.

3) Weber was the first in Germany who has conducted economic & sociological research, being, in fact, the founder of the methodology of industrial sociology and the labor sociology, which makes it possible to make informed decisions within the institutional projecting.

The behavior, action and social action are the main categories of understanding sociology. Behavior according to Weber is the most general category of activity, which becomes an action if the actor associates with him a subjective meaning. About social action we can talk, when the action is correlated with the actions of other people and is guided by them. Combinations of social actions form "semantic connections", on the basis of which social relations and institutions are formed.

Participation of non-state institutions and public organizations, as well as individual participation in decision-making in the field of national security is an important evidence of the formation of public system of national security ensuring. Its presence allows us to talk about the simultaneous functioning of public and state systems for ensuring national security. Such a symbiosis is important, since society forms state structures and therefore has every reason to direct and monitor their activities, based on value representations. So we came to interrelation of national economic security and social economy as a new type of economic theory, which according to Weber is a broad interdisciplinary field of research, that includes economic theory, economic history and economic sociology. Weber believed, that the researcher of economic processes should rely on all three approaches, not allowing any of them to take monopoly positions.

We can underline, that for modern evolutionary institutionalism, it is important that the economic-sociological approach, which is in the base of M. Weber's methodology, focuses on studying the economy in dynamics and the connections between it and a list of institutions.

Evolutionary theory justifies the conclusion, that within the of time ineffective institutions die away, and effective ones survive, and therefore more gradual development in more effective forms of economic, political and social organization occurs. However, there is a certain connection, so-called evolutionary dynamics (or path-dependency). According to David Paul path-dependency of economic changes is defined as “one of which important influences upon the eventual outcome can be exerted by temporally remote events, including events dominated by chance elements rather than systematic forces” [1, p. 332]. So for the purposes of temporally remote events impact estimation we need application of combining economic sociology and the sociology of development factors.

In Fig. 1 we have shown national security providing scheme, which is based onstudy of paradigmatic bases and socio-cultural genesis of state police and institutional dynamics.

 

Fig. 1. National security providing scheme based on analytical tools of institutional dynamics (author`s development)

 

For the analytical purposes Weber`s concept of "cognitive interest" is critical, because it determines the selection and method of studying the empirical object (in our research it is state of economic security) in each particular case, and the concept of the "value idea" (value of some economic strategy or decision), which is determined by a specific way of seeing the world in a given cultural context. From the fig. 1 we see, that the national economy development model not only represents a unique combination of internal and external factors determined by national or geopolitical features, but also has specific characteristics related to different historical stages.

Therefore in the process of national security ensuring the key issue relates to the correspondence of the chosen model of economic development and institutions trajectory (transformation strategy) to the national traditional institutional forms developed over the centuries, among which one of the main is the national mentality. So we came to the question of the correlation of the traditions of society with the processes of innovation development. For example, according to the Max Weber's the bureaucracy is able to stifle a free initiative and lead to the stagnation of a capitalist society based on competition.

Thus it is important to find the right tactics for national economy adapting to the globalization processes through the combining economic and social purposes within the institutional trajectory. According to the economic-sociological methodology the effectiveness of the institutional system for national security ensuring is determined to a large extent by the extent to which it is able to contribute to the evolutionary development of the country, to overcome political, military, economic crises or create the conditions for a full-fledged life.

Conclusions. So the relevance of the study is caused by the objective necessity to develop a methodology for analyzing the structure of national characteristics in order to determine the effective model for further socio-economic development of state, which will provide national security through the matching of economic decisions and institutional trajectory.

In research we have shown, that for the development of effective strategy of organic development and national security providing it is important to find the right tactics to adapt the national economic interests to the globalization process. For this purpose, we propose to use the interpretive sociology methodology within the framework of economic & sociological approach, which allows to consider economic processes and trends in wider context of the institutional matrix.

For these purpose in the study we have examined the main ideas of Max Weber in the context of the synthesis of institutional evolutionary methodology and system approach to national economic security ensuring. Based on these and our previous studies the elements of the organizational and economic mechanism for managing institutional transformation in the framework of ensuring national security, which takes into account the use of elements of an understanding sociology for the transformation strategy selection, were proposed.

 

References:

  • 1. David P. A. Clio and the Economics of QWERTY // The American Economic Review. –1985. – Vol. 75, No. 2. – pp. 332–337.
  • 2. Granovetter M., Swedberg R. The Sociology of Economic Life. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 2001.
  • 3. Omelyanenko V. A. Archetypical analysis of modern economic conflicts in the context of national security // Public manаgement. – June 2017. – № 3(8). – pp. 224–234.
  • 4. Omelyanenko V. A. General context of economic and legal reforms international comparative studies (example of innovation development) [Online] // Economic Processes Management. – 2016. – №3. – Retrieved from: http://epm.fem.sumdu.edu.ua/download/2016_3/epm2016_3_8.pdf
  • 5. Omelyanenko V. Innovation priorities optimization in the context of national technological security ensuring // Marketing and management of innovations. – 2016. – № 4. – pp. 226–234.
  • 6. Бессонова О. Э. Образ будущего России и код цивилизационного развития. – Новосибирск: ИЭОПП СО РАН, 2007. – 124 с.
  • 7. Вебер М. Избранные произведения. – М., 1990.
  • 8. Вебер М. Протестантская этика и дух капитализма. – М., 2003. – Режим доступа: https://chisineu.files.wordpress.com/2012/09/biblioteca_protestanskaya_etiketa_weber.pdf
  • 9. Катаев Д. В. Актуализация социологии Макса Вебера в экономических теориях: проблемы интерпретации и рецепции // Известия Российского государственного педагогического университета им. А. И. Герцена. – 2011. – № 130. – С. 244–251.
  • 10. Катаев Д. В. Экономическая социология Макса Вебера и современность // Теория и практика общественного развития. – 2012. – № 8. – С. 89–92.
  • 11. Омельяненко В. А. Аналіз впливу архетипів колективного несвідомого на соціальну динаміку на прикладі реалізації національної стратегії економічного розвитку // Архетипіка і державне управління: виклики та ризики суспільної трансформації / за наук. ред. Е. А. Афоніна, Г. Л. Рябцева. – Київ – Тбілісі: Псіхєя, 2016. – C. 49–56.
  • 12. Полтерович В. М. Стратегии институциональных реформ. Перспективные траектории // Экономика и математические методы. – 2006. – Т. 42, № 1. – С. 3–18.
  • 13 Пустовийт Р. Ф. Взаимовлияние культурных и институциональных факторов в аспекте экономического развития // Проблеми економіки та політичної економії. – 2015. – № 1. – С. 187–197.
  • 14. Узлов Ю. Менталитет как институциональный фактор развития экономики // Общество: политика, экономика, право. – 2011. – № 3. – С. 60–65.
  • 15. Хворост О. О. Інституціональні основи міжнародного трансферу технологій / О.О. Хворост, В.А. Омельяненко // Теоретичні і практичні аспекти економіки та інтелектуальної власності. – 2011. – Т. 1. – С. 202–207.
0
Your rating: None Average: 7 (8 votes)
Comments: 9

Kazbekov Beket

Поучительный пример использования идеи Макса Вэбера в контексте синтеза институциональной эволюционной методологии и системного подхода к обеспечению национальной экономической безопасности для разработки методики анализа структуры национальных особенностей , с тем чтобы определить эффективную модель для дальнейшего социально-экономического развития государства, обеспечивающую национальную безопасность путем согласования экономических решений и институциональной траектории. Автор показал, что для разработки эффективной стратегии развития и национальной безопасности важно найти правильную тактику для адаптации национальных экономических интересов в процесс глобализации. При этом использована методика толковательной социологии в рамках экономического и социологического подхода, позволяющей рассматривать экономические процессы и тенденции в более широком контексте институциональной матрицы. Серьезная и актуальная работа. Желаю успехов! beket

Kazbekov Beket

Весьма поучительное применение Макса Вэбера в контексте синтеза его институциональной эволюционной методологии и системного подхода к обеспечению национальной экономической безопасности. Для построения эффективной модели дальнейшего социально-экономического развития государства, позволяющей обеспечить национальную безопасность путем согласования экономических решений и институциональной траектории. необходимо найти правильную тактику для адаптации национальных экономических интересов в процесс глобализации. Очень актуально. Желаю дальнейших исследований и результатов. beket

Petrukhina Elena

Очень интересная с научной точки зрения статья на актуальную тему! Проведён современный глубокий институциональный анализ на основе Веберовской методики для сложных социально-экономических систем в управлении национальной экономический безопасностью. Разработки автора заслуживают серьёзного внимания как для украинской, так и для российской экономики. Хочется пожелать практических успехов в данном направлении!

Korolev Evgenie Sergeevich

Очень содержательная научная работа. Затронутая автором исследовательская тематика более чем актуальна в рамках современных геополитических отношений мирового сообщества. С уважением, Е.С. Королёв.

Vlasova Maria

Уважаемый автор! Тема Вашего исследования чрезвычайно актуальная. Дело в том, что проблема национальной безопасности является многоаспектной и поэтому трудно поддающейся укладке в единую методологию. В связи с этим предлагаемый Вами подход очень интересен и перспективен. Желаю Вам успеха в дальнейших исследованиях и всего доброго!

Korotkova Tatyana

Dear colleague! The theme development methodology for analyzing the structure of national characteristics ! very topical for Ukraine. I wish you success. T. Korotkova.

Lyudmila Moroz

Сегодня вопросы экономической безопасности в условиях сложной экономической ситуации в Украине являются актуальными, а проведение исследований на основе анализа методологии Вебера и разработки методики анализа структуры национальных особенностей заслуживают внимания и изучения. Желаю успехов в практическом проведении дальнейших исследований. С уважением, Л.И.Мороз

Toivo Tanning

Dear Vitaliy Omelyanenko! This is theoretically interesting and intense work. The author has skillfully used the Max Weber methodology. With best regards and wishes success Toivo Tanning

Romanovich Lyudmila Gennadievna

Понравилась работа. И то, что автор проанализировал основные положения методологии Макса Вебера, касающиеся динамики современных социально-экономических процессов. И то, как обоснованы направления применения методологии для мониторинга системы обеспечения национальной экономической безопасности. И предложения автора заслуживают серьезного внимания. Актуально и интересно. Думаю автор продолжит начатую работу. Успехов и достижений в научной деятельности!
Comments: 9

Kazbekov Beket

Поучительный пример использования идеи Макса Вэбера в контексте синтеза институциональной эволюционной методологии и системного подхода к обеспечению национальной экономической безопасности для разработки методики анализа структуры национальных особенностей , с тем чтобы определить эффективную модель для дальнейшего социально-экономического развития государства, обеспечивающую национальную безопасность путем согласования экономических решений и институциональной траектории. Автор показал, что для разработки эффективной стратегии развития и национальной безопасности важно найти правильную тактику для адаптации национальных экономических интересов в процесс глобализации. При этом использована методика толковательной социологии в рамках экономического и социологического подхода, позволяющей рассматривать экономические процессы и тенденции в более широком контексте институциональной матрицы. Серьезная и актуальная работа. Желаю успехов! beket

Kazbekov Beket

Весьма поучительное применение Макса Вэбера в контексте синтеза его институциональной эволюционной методологии и системного подхода к обеспечению национальной экономической безопасности. Для построения эффективной модели дальнейшего социально-экономического развития государства, позволяющей обеспечить национальную безопасность путем согласования экономических решений и институциональной траектории. необходимо найти правильную тактику для адаптации национальных экономических интересов в процесс глобализации. Очень актуально. Желаю дальнейших исследований и результатов. beket

Petrukhina Elena

Очень интересная с научной точки зрения статья на актуальную тему! Проведён современный глубокий институциональный анализ на основе Веберовской методики для сложных социально-экономических систем в управлении национальной экономический безопасностью. Разработки автора заслуживают серьёзного внимания как для украинской, так и для российской экономики. Хочется пожелать практических успехов в данном направлении!

Korolev Evgenie Sergeevich

Очень содержательная научная работа. Затронутая автором исследовательская тематика более чем актуальна в рамках современных геополитических отношений мирового сообщества. С уважением, Е.С. Королёв.

Vlasova Maria

Уважаемый автор! Тема Вашего исследования чрезвычайно актуальная. Дело в том, что проблема национальной безопасности является многоаспектной и поэтому трудно поддающейся укладке в единую методологию. В связи с этим предлагаемый Вами подход очень интересен и перспективен. Желаю Вам успеха в дальнейших исследованиях и всего доброго!

Korotkova Tatyana

Dear colleague! The theme development methodology for analyzing the structure of national characteristics ! very topical for Ukraine. I wish you success. T. Korotkova.

Lyudmila Moroz

Сегодня вопросы экономической безопасности в условиях сложной экономической ситуации в Украине являются актуальными, а проведение исследований на основе анализа методологии Вебера и разработки методики анализа структуры национальных особенностей заслуживают внимания и изучения. Желаю успехов в практическом проведении дальнейших исследований. С уважением, Л.И.Мороз

Toivo Tanning

Dear Vitaliy Omelyanenko! This is theoretically interesting and intense work. The author has skillfully used the Max Weber methodology. With best regards and wishes success Toivo Tanning

Romanovich Lyudmila Gennadievna

Понравилась работа. И то, что автор проанализировал основные положения методологии Макса Вебера, касающиеся динамики современных социально-экономических процессов. И то, как обоснованы направления применения методологии для мониторинга системы обеспечения национальной экономической безопасности. И предложения автора заслуживают серьезного внимания. Актуально и интересно. Думаю автор продолжит начатую работу. Успехов и достижений в научной деятельности!
PARTNERS
 
 
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
Would you like to know all the news about GISAP project and be up to date of all news from GISAP? Register for free news right now and you will be receiving them on your e-mail right away as soon as they are published on GISAP portal.