- About project
- Results and Awards
- Affiliate Programs
- International services
GEOINFORMATION MAPPIN OF SHEKI-ZAGATALA REGION OF THE AZERBAICAN REPUBLIC
Tarana Ismayilova, student
Baku State University
In Republic president’s decision has been specially noted that, doing necessary means for using of the picturesque places, natural and historical monuments of Azerbaijan with tourism purpose, according developing the tourism. Also, improving ecological conditions of choosing area and valuing propaganda of the ecotourism is one of the actual problems for our Republic for efficient forming of the tourism. We have created map geoinformation models for tourism purpose of the natural condition of Gakh region, for to solve problems about this theme.
We has created base of the every map geoinformation, too. We want to create map geoinformation models of all administrative area in south slope of Big Caucasus in computer, according existing electron model in person of Gakh region. It is possible to answer the question of the tourist about natural and historical objects during tourism route, according electron system which should be created. Also, it has been intended to choose opportunity of the rest place from geoinformation system, for short rest of the tourists. At the final result, may present popular using of the same model with create internet page in computer.
Keywords: geoinformation mapping, natural and historical monumets, tourism, modelling, GIS
Urgency of the map geoinformation models which should be created occurs full doing of the Republic chairman’s decree about tourism area. To increase count of the coming foreigner, it is one of the necessary problems in developing of the tourism. That is why, we must create information system guarantee which providing foreign tourist about nature and historical monuments information of our country. Then, we must say full information to the tourist, according same information system. A geographical Information System (GIS) program is the irreplaceable technique means in this direction.
We will use from geoinformation models which has been created for Gakh region which has got representative structure, for to create map geoinformation models of the historical objects of the natural condition of the Big Caucasus’s south slope. Map geoinformation models has great scientifically importance for to create new tourism areas in educational base and to accelerate foreign tourism to the showing area. There will be great importance of the Geographical Information Systems (GIS) in fulfillment of this works. Wee want to notes according it, geographical investigation is doing with GIS in modern time. So, you may see colored and white-black description of any place in screen with means of this system. So, there has diminished workers which work in outside investigation and demands expense in this time. There is very necessary to specify signs and structures of the objects in satellite description in outside. Forming of the tourism service with GIS is means which is more important and demand insignificant finance in international experiments.
Doing works about Gakh region which choosing as representative.
We have created medium scale digital theme map of the region, for to investigation base structure of the natural condition of the Gakh region. This map has been created with the MAPINFO geographical information system. Base purpose in the electrifying of the maps: to create geographical information system of the natural condition which can gives impetus to the previous economical condition of the Gakh region.
Because, control is very strength to the natural resources with GIS. It is possible to watch to the happening calamity, when happen natural calamity. As you know that, there is happening stream, snow landslides, land slides and forest fires and etc. natural calamities regularly in Gakh region. Most of these calamities increase erosion intensity, some create destructions in living purpose, and some of them are doing financial damage to the tourism and water agriculture. Creating digital variants of the geographical maps according topographic and natural resources is one of the necessary and pressing problems in modern time for to watch to this action and to count quickly harm.
We have been created geographical information with digital maps on natural objects and anthropogenic objects of the Gakh region, with intending the top notes.
I have used from following source for to investigate of this theme:
1. Information about ground: Ground cadastre book of the G.Mammadov and E.Salayev, from Ground map of Azerbaijan Republic.
2. Information about plant: Plant book of the V.Hajiyev and Priliok, from Plant book of the Azerbaijan Republic.
3. Information about geomorphology: from Geomorphology book of the M.Museyibov and B.Budagov
4. Information about climate: Climate atlas and book of the Shikhlinski, climate of the Azerbaijan administrative region of Hajiyev and H.Aliyev, from survey booklet of the Hydro metrology Department of State Ecology Committee.
5. Information about landscape: Bases of landscape of the Suleymanov and I.S.Aliyev, from Landscape map of the Azerbaijan Republic.
6. Ecological, economical and social information: from books which ha published by the State Static Committee.
7. Information about products of the agriculture: from Statistic Committee of the Gakh region.
8. Information about tourism: from tourism information of the State Statistics Office and Historical Ethnography Museum of the Gakh region.
Direction of the investigation and reality of the getting result has been checked by the A.A.Nabiyev – chief of the BSU Geoinformation and computer geography centre .
Modern situation of the tourism farm in south slope of the Big Caucuses
Rich natural landscape and untouched forest areas are create suitable perspectives of the Balakan region. There is very interesting places for rest of the tourist in the area. There is doing many works for improving of the tourism during last year in the region. Already, building works has ended for to show good service to man and to develop tourism in the culture and Rest Park named after Haydar Aliyev. There has been created full condition for the rest of the child, adult, young and elderly; attractions have been placed, rope way has been created 1200 metre in the park. There is done last work completion in the 100 seater – “Qubek” hotel construction which is situating in Park area. Zones have been determined on 12 tourism route in Balakan region, for the reason that, Baku-Shamakhi-Ismayilli-Balakan tourism route has become real.
1. It has been registered monument approximately 100, protecting by the State, according decision numbered 12 dated 2 August 2001 of the Azerbaijan Republic Minister of Cabinet in the area of the Zagatala region. The most ancient of these are: Parigala, Armataygala, Chingizgala, Sheytan gala, Zagatala gala and etc. There are Alban monuments more than 10 in village areas of region. There is doing any works to restore of Alban monuments which situated in the Mamrukh (Mamrukh church), Mazikh, Mukhakh, Gabizdara, Yukhari Tala (Yukhati Tala temple) and Yukhari Chardakhlar village of the region, though there is any financial problems for to restoration again. It has been done reconstruction and restoration works in all mosques, is provided as historical monuments in the places. Most of the historical monuments of region is situating in healthy village from ancient time till up to day. There has gathered rich collections of the middle century and hand writing in the Historical Ethnography which situated in Zagatala region. Guests may stay in the cottage of the “Lazzat” rest zone which situated in the Jar village, “Tala” otel which situated in the Ashagi Tala village and “Turgut” motel – all these situated in Zagatala.
There are a lot of historical, culture and architecture monuments in the area of the Gabala region: mosque (XIX century) in Bum village, Alban temple (- century) in Yamilli village, Ustajan tower (- century) in the Batramkokha village, Haji Garib mosque and Chotari alban church in Nij village, Sheykh Badraddin and Sheykh Mansur mosque in the Hazar village (XV century), tomb in Shafili village (XV—century), Shikhbaba sacred place (XV—century) in Hamzali village and Komrad sadred place in Komrad top ( Scared place – place of burying of the holy and good man). Archeologists have been founded remainder of the ancient man dwelling in the Yalovlu Mountain which situated in near to the Nij village. These archeological culture examples are typically for north regions of Azerbaijan and are well-known as “Yalovlu tapa madaniyyati (Yalovlu hill culture)” in science. There are founded weapon which has been made by the iron and bronze, golden things, mill stones and other examples in this place. This area has been entering to composition of the Caucasus Albania, then to the Shaki khanate in XV--- century in previous time our century. There are founded tips for spears, bronze weapon, women statue and stafves from iron in this place.
There are a lot of historical and architectural monuments in the area of the Oguz region: Dashuz bridge (XIX century) situated in top Sarisu river near to the Khachmaz village, Mosque (XV---- century) in Sinjan village, Tomb (XV century) in Karimli village, two- storied tower (XIV century) in Mukhag village, Gabur tower (V---- century) defense appointed which situated in the Galadag mountain top in the Khachmaz village, Gavurgala tower (V--- century) which has been supplied with drinkable water, Surkhaykhan tower ( XV---century) which has been constructed by river stone, situated in the Galachay river shore and etc.
Ancient “Galarsan-gorarsan” has stayed from ruins, which situated in west Shore of Kur River, near of the Shaki. Defenders’ of their have been able not allowing enemy and at the reason, they was sure to invincibility of this place, we know it by name “Galarsan-gorarsan”. An event flows in this place, which happens in heroes of the “Haji Murad” narrative of Lev Tolstoy. Alexander Duma, Kempfer and N.Rayevsk have been in Shaki. N.Rayevsk was writing in his letter: “Our campo situated in forest where has got pomegranate, platen and other trees. Nukha is very beautiful place.” Shaki khanate entered to the Russia composition in 1805 and it was put an end to existence as one khanate. Already, Nukha provience has been created and was managed by the commandant of the Shaki tsar with the decree of Russia tsar in 1819. There has got many objects: Dramatic theatre named after Sabit Rahman, Decorative and Application Art Museum.
There are many historical monuments in area of Gakh region. Barrow proves that, this region has settled from bronze time. Ulu Korpu, Sumug gala and other mosques was capital of the Ilisu sultanate, these have been built in XV---century. Sumug is a dwelling place of Sheykh Shamil, one of the strength which was in Daniel Bay side. People have settled from ancient time in this place. Archeologists have found out grave, which is belonging to the BC.
Keshikchi Tower (XV century) has stayed healthy, which is square form and height is 10 meter. A lot of sulphuric thermal springs have got in near of this village. There is grave of Haji Murad commander of Sheykh Shamil in forest, where has got many venerable oak tree, near the Tirmachi village. It carries out one hotel, “Shafa” rest and cure boarding-house, “ILisu” boarding-house, “Yashil Park”, “Ulu dag”, “Ulu”, “Improtex” tourism and rest centre, “Caucasus” and “Eden Park” hotels in the region. Every these places has received licensee with passing from state registration. Number of the tourism objects is more than 494. There is following rooms: 78 luxury, 56 first degree and 138 tourist numbers.
Costs of tourism object are between 30-55 manats. 4 more than thousand tourists has rested in tourism object of region in 2009. Counts were 2225 person of the region’s tourists during 6 month in 2010. Tourists have come for rest and entertainment 1719 person, for cure 276, for business travel 185 and remainder for other purposes.
It has spread widely village green cure, rest tourism in region. Village green tourism is one of the types which local tourists use. It has got fertile condition for improving of the fertile hunter, horse-breeding, mountain, winter and other tourism type in region.
Type of tourism - Village green tourism has found his affirmation in Gakh region Rich mineral water reserves has got young potential for creating climate – balneology health resort zones in region.