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Logistics Role In Maintenance Supply Of Building Manufacturing

Автор Доклада: 
Verhoglyadova N.I., Ivanitskaya T.E.
Награда: 
Logistics Role In Maintenance Supply Of Building Manufacturing

УДК 330.341

LOGISTICS ROLE IN MAINTENANCE SUPPLY OF BUILDING MANUFACTURING

Verhoglyadova N.I., Dr.Sc (Econ), Prof.

Ivanitskaya T.E., Post graduate student

Pridneprovsk State Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture

Supplying building manufacturing with necessary material resources plays the important role in construction balance, and also considerably influences its efficiency. Supplying building manufacturing with quality material resources, in necessary quantities and in time, is the important condition of stability, timely accomplishing of ground plans and the building enterprise activity efficiency increase. Considering the above the given problem requires urgency and necessity of logistics application increase in building manufacturing.

Keywords: Logistics, building manufacturing, material and technical supply, economics, purchasing activity, building enterprise.

Обеспечение строительного производства необходимыми материальными ресурсами играет важную роль в сбалансированности строительства, а также значительно влияет на его эффективность. Обеспечение строительного производства материальными ресурсами в срок, нужного качества, а также в нужном количестве является важным условием стабильности, своевременного выполнения планов строительства и повышение эффективности деятельности строительного предприятия. На основе этого данная проблема обусловливает актуальность и необходимость повышения применения логистики в строительном производстве.

Ключевые слова: Логистика, строительное производство, материально-техническое обеспечение, экономика, закупочная деятельность, строительное предприятие.

 

Building manufacturing is a branch of material manufacturing in which of industrial and non-productive funds are created: buildings ready for operation, constructions and their complexes [1].

The reason for logistics concept occurrence was search for finished goods cost price reduction reserves. Then management departments of physical allocating in 15-20 % of the enterprises, as means of expenses reduction and profit increase have been created. While the logistics concept priorities changing enterprises began to pay attention to the solution of energy carriers’ loss reducing. Operating plans of purchases began to be developed for production only. The further technological changes such as, auto mobilization and transport modernization, personal computers occurrence, improvement of communication facilities promoted to the further integration of logistics [2,3].

Logistics as a new scientific discipline in economy is engaged in development of planning methods and material management and information streams within the enterprise, branch, and also between branches of economy for the biggest economic benefit reception purpose [4,5].

Logistics introduction in economy is caused by the objective reasons which demand from managing subjects today an effective interaction on a joint of manufacturing and turnover spheres [4,5].

In actual practice market economy builders face, to some extent, identical problems: at what price and from what firms to get materials, in what terms and what type of transport to deliver and how to save them from damage and plunder.

The cost of the material resources delivered to the site has four components:

1. Purchasing cost;

2. Delivery cost;

3. Storage cost;

4. Cost of shortage and loss [6].

Logistics in terms of material and technical supply is a science about planning, surveillance and management of orders placing, their manufacturing, transportation, warehousing, storage and all other material and non-material operations in the products delivering to the consumer according to its requirements. The term includes monitoring the supplying cycle at all steps involving the seller (the supply contractor, the manufacturer) or the subcontractor to warrant reliable, economic and timely delivery. Its essence is in a problem prediction before it will appear, and in finding its solution before there will be detentions and delays [6].

Logistics should be aimed at the whole building cycle:

- Exploring the building market;

- Building designing;

- Material and technical supplies;

- Manufacturing of civil and erection works;

- Quality surveillance and testing service of ready building production;

- Realization and allocation of ready building production;

- Technical operation of ready building production;

- Major repair and modernization.

The advantage of logistic management is high adaptation of the system to requirements of consumers during the concrete moment of time at which are reached:

- Efficiency, high reliability and the ultimate consumer quality supply;

- Considerable decrease in logistic expenses of management of material resources (transportation, storage, accomplishing of cargo operations);

- An effective control and stock management in commodity distribution networks, optimization of inventory balances;

- Turnover acceleration in use of material and financial resources [9].

In building manufacturing one of the most important and essential activities is purchasing.

For building enterprises purchasing activity has a strategic value: during the activity connected with purchases sources, it supports the enterprise in achievement of its overall aims. And thanks to the key role – multi- functions - purchases can bring the appreciable contribution, and in the form of several components, in achievement of strategic success of the enterprise, namely:

-The access to foreign markets. Through international contacts to the market of the supply contractor the purchases department can receive important information on new technologies, potentially new materials or services, new places of resupply and fluctuations of the market conditions. Giving the information of this sort to other subsections, the purchases department helps to correct the enterprise strategy taking into account new possibilities which appear in the market.

- Mutual relations management and their developing. The purchases department can help the enterprise to achieve strategic success revealing new supply contractors and developing relations with already available. The general time of development or updating can be reduced at the expense of supply contractors attraction at an early stage of new goods or services development, and also updating of existing variants. The idea of «reduced time», i.e. a faster appearance on the market with new tenders, can be very important for success of similar tenders because it helps the enterprise to take the leader or the innovator position in the market.

Except the basic purchasing functions which influence the enterprise capability to achieve the purposes, there are also additional ones: a choice of supply contractors, their estimation and their constant management; the general quality management, planning of purchasing activity and carrying out the researches in this area [7].

- Mutual relations with other functions. The role of purchases varies in wide borders: from auxiliary to strategic. Depending on at what degree purchases provide value for other functional areas, they can join in process of taking important decisions or be used at an early development cycle of decisions which influence purchases. Good knowledge allows experts to do more exact forecasts in the purchases field and consider inquiries of other functional areas, support them which, in turn, leads to higher degree of involvement purchases department personnel in other processes [7].

The supplying cycle of material resources purchase covers a big circle of various actions on scale, from purchase as required fine details to the order of the complete set of a steel building skeleton. In the latter case purchase process includes designing, manufacturing and delivering [6].

There are three basic models of purchases management [8]:

1. The Centralized model.

The model kernel is the structural division (depending on structure - department, service, management, department) whose primary goal is gathering the demands from divisions-consumers of production (customers) and carrying out the whole purchasing cycle on their basis , from searching and choosing counterparts to the contract performance surveillance on delivery.

2. The Decentralized model.

Each of profile divisions performs purchases in the competence sphere, for example, computers are bought by IT department. Thus there can be a department of purchases which supports and co-ordinates purchases of other divisions, carries out the general methodical functions (monitoring of the purchase markets, checking customers purchases, etc.).

3. The Allocated model.

Each division (it is routine at level of an independent unit, in particular it can be the structures which are a part of one holding, or organization branches) spends all purchases necessary for the needs independently. For this purpose in the enterprises-customers special purchasing departments (or structural units with similar functions are created, up to an independent supply expert ). But in this model there can be a purchases department, whose function consists of consolidating of the same purchases of different customers in the general order, and also in methodical marketing support, and purchases for the customers who do not have their own experts.

Purchases for building manufacturing are the main organizational function of raw acquisition, materials, equipment etc.

The typical purposes and commitments of purchasing activity include the following:

- Maintenance an optimum level of entering materials quality;

- Acquisition of entering production at minimum possible all-round price (it is meant an all-round price all expenses in a chain of deliveries);

- Search for and use of reliable, competitive supply contractors;

- Decrease in volume of the goods stocks and maintenance of «smooth» advancement of the goods on a chain of deliveries;

- Cooperation and integration with other functions.

The degree of purchases importance for building manufacturing depends on a set of factors. Purchasing activity of building manufacturing which for the end result achievement uses a considerable quantity of raw and materials in its production, fuel and PETROLEUM PRODUCTS, accessories and details, machine tools and equipment, tools and so forth. For building manufacturing the quantity, quality, timeliness of delivery, the price of the bought goods play a significant role in achievement of the end result and in a possibility of the building enterprise to finish the construction object in the put term.

 

Bibliography:

  1. www. wikipedia.ru

  2. Oklander М.А. Logistica: Pidruchnik. – K: Centr uchbovoi litersturi, 2008. – 346с.

  3. Oklander М.А. Кonturi ekonomicheskoi logistiki. – К.: Nauk. dumka, 2000. – 176 с.

  4. Kanke А.А., Кoshevaya I.P. Logistika: Uchebnik. – М.: Forum: INFRA – М, 2005. – 352с.

  5. Kanke А.А., Кoshevaya I.P. Logistika: Uchebnik – 2-е., isprav. i dop. – М.: ID «FORUM»: INFRA-М, 2007. – 384с.

  6. Dikman L.G. Organizaciya stroitelnogo proizvodstva/ Uchebnik dlya stroitelnih vuzov/М.: Izdatelstvo Аssociacii stroitelnih vuzov, 2006. – 608 с.

  7. James R. Stock, Douglas M. Lambert. Strategic Logistics Management: Fourth Edition. – McGraw-Hill - 797 c.

  8. Kuznecov. K. Konkurentnie zakupki: torgi, tenderi, konkursi. – SPb.: Piter, 2005. – 368 c.

  9. Jdanov А.YU. Upravlenie zakupkami s ispolzovaniem konkursnih procedur: tehnologiya vnedreniya i organizacii: monografiya / А.YU. Jdanov, D.V. Kuznecov, А.N. Fedorov. – M.: KNORUS, 2007. – 288 с.

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